the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
Click here to join the effort!
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #3850 - παραβολή
- a placing of one thing by the side of another, juxtaposition, as of ships in battle
- a comparing, comparison of one thing with another, likeness, similitude
- an example by which a doctrine or precept is illustrated
- a narrative, fictitious but agreeable to the laws and usages of human life, by which either the duties of men or the things of God, particularly the nature and history of God's kingdom are figuratively portrayed
- a parable: an earthly story with a heavenly meaning
- a pithy and instructive saying, involving some likeness or comparison and having preceptive or admonitory force
- an aphorism, a maxim
- a proverb
- an act by which one exposes himself or his possessions to danger, a venture, a risk
juxtaposition, comparison, τῶν βίων Pl. Phlb. 33b; π. καὶ σύγκρισις Plb. 1.2.2; ἐν παραβολῇ by juxtaposition, Arist. Top. 104a28, cf. 157a14; ἐκ παραβολῆς Id. Rh. 1420a4.
2. comparison, illustration, analogy, τὴν π. ἀπρεπῆ πεποιῆσθαι Isoc. 12.227; π. δὲ τὰ Σωκρατικά (distd. from λόγος, apologue) Arist. Rh. 1393b3; ἐκ τῶν θηρίων ποιεῖσθαι τὴν π. Id. Pol. 1264b4.
3. NT, parable, Mark 12:1, al.; type, Hebrews 9:9; Hebrews 11:19.
4. by-word, proverb, LXX Ezekiel 18:2, Luke 4:23; in bad sense, εἰς π. ἐν τοῖς ἔθνεσι LXX Psalms 44:14(43).14, cf. Wi. 5.3.
5. objection to an argument, Phld. Rh. 1.5 S.
II moving side by side, ἐκ παραβολῆς [νεῶν] μάχεσθαι to fight a sea-fight broadside to broadside, Plb. 15.2.13, cf. D.S. 14.60.
III sidelong direction, obliquity, διὰ πολλῶν ἑλιγμῶν καὶ π. Plu. Arat. 22. venture, D.S. 27.17, v.l. in Th. 1.131. Astron., conjunction, παραβολαὶ ἀλλήλων Pl. Ti. 40c, cf. Procl. in Ti. 3.146 D., Plot. 3.1.5, Iamb. Myst. 9.4: also f.l. for περιβολή, τοῦ ἡλίου Max.Tyr. 17.9. Math., division, opp. multiplication, Dioph. 4.22; quotient, ib. 10: hence, section produced by division of a line, Nicom. Ar. 2.27. Geom., application, π. τῶν χωρίων Pythag. ap. Procl. in Euc. p.419 F.; τὰ ἐκ τῆς π. γενηθέντα σημεῖα, of the foci of an ellipse or hyperbola, points found by application of an area to the axis, Apollon.Perg. Con. 3.45, cf. 48.
2. parabola, because the square on the ordinate is equal to a rectangle whose height is equal to the abscissa applied to the parameter, ib. 1.11. = παράβολον (v. παράβολος III. 1), Arist. Oec. 1348b13 (vv. ll. παράβολον, -βόλιον), OGI 41.5 (Samos, iii B. C., pl.). PPetr. 3p.232 (iii B. C., pl.).
παραβολή, παραβολῆς, ἡ (παραβάλλω, which see), the Sept. for מָשָׁל;
1. a placing of one thing by the side of another, juxtaposition, as of ships in battle, Polybius 15, 2, 13; Diodorus 14, 60.
2. metaphorically, a comparing, comparison of one thing with another, likeness, similitude (Plato, Isocrates, Polybius, Plutarch): universally, Matthew 24:32; Mark 13:28; an example by which a doctrine or precept is illustrated, Mark 3:23; Luke 14:7; a thing serving as a figure of something else, Hebrews 9:9; this meaning also very many interpreters give the word in Hebrews 11:19, but see 5 below; specifically, "a narrative, fictitious but agreeable to the laws and usages of human life, by which either the duties of men or the things of God, particularly the nature and history of God's kingdom, are figuratively portrayed" (cf. B. D., see under the words, Fable, Parable (and references there; add Aristotle, rhet. 2, 20, 2ff and Cope's notes)): Matthew 13:3, 10, 13, 24, 31, 33-35, 53; Matthew 21:33, 45; (
3. "a pithy and instructive saying, involving some likeness or comparison and having preceptive or admonitory force; an aphorism, a maxim": Luke 5:36; Luke 6:39; Matthew 15:15 (Proverbs 1:6; Ecclesiastes 1:17; Sir. 3:29(27);
5. an act by which one exposes himself or his possessions to danger, a venture, risk (in which sense the plural seems to be used by Plutarch, Aratus 22: διά πολλῶν ἑλιγμων καί παραβολῶν περαινοντες πρός τό τεῖχος (cf. Diodorus Siculus fragment book 30:9, 2; also variant in Thucydides 1, 131, 2 (and Poppo at the passage))); ἐν παραβολή, in risking him, i. e. at the very moment when he exposed his son to mortal peril (see παραβολεύομαι), Hebrews 11:19 (Hesychius ἐκ παραβολῆς. ἐκ παρακινδυνευματος); others with less probability explain it, in a figure, i. e. as a figure, either of the future general resurrection of all men, or of Christ offered up to God and raised again from the dead; others otherwise.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
παραβολή , -ῆς , ἡ
(< παραβάλλω ),
1. a placing beside, juxtaposition (Polyb., al.).
2. a comparing, comparison (Plat., Arist., al.).
3. a comparison, illustration, analogy, figure (Arist., al.) : Matthew 24:32, Mark 3:23, Hebrews 9:9; Hebrews 11:19; specif. of the pictures and narratives drawn from nature and human life which are characteristic of the synoptic teaching of our Lord, a parable: Matthew 13:3; Matthew 13:10 Mark 4:2; Mark 4:10, Luke 8:4; Luke 8:9-11, al.; c. gen. ref., Matthew 13:18; Matthew 13:36.
4 Like Heb. H4911 (1 Samuel 10:12, Proverbs 1:6, Sirach 3:29, al.), = παροιμία , a proverb or gnomic saying: Luke 4:23; Luke 5:36; Luke 6:39.
SYN.: παροιμία G3942 (v. Abbott, Essays, 82 ff.).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
παροργισμός does not seem to occur outside Biblical Greek. In the LXX it is used as a rule with an active meaning ";provocation,"; but in its only NT occurrence, Ephesians 4:26, it points rather to a state of provocation, ";wrath"; : see Armitage Robinson Eph. ad l.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.