the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2906 - κραυγή
- a crying, outcry, clamour
crying, screaming, shouting, τίς ἥδε κ.; Telecl. 35; κραυγὴν θεῖναι, στῆσαι, E. Or. 1510, 1529; ποιεῖν X. Cyr. 3.1.4; κραυγῇ χρῆσθαι Th. 2.4; κ. γίγνεται Lys. 13.71; rarely of a shout of joy, PPetr. 3p.334 (iii B. C.), Luke 1:42 : in pl., Aeschin. 1.34, Vett.Val. 2.35; κραυγὴ Καλλιόπης, as an instance of bad taste, cited from. Dionys.Eleg. (7) by Arist. Rh. 1405a33.
κραυγή, κραυγῆς, ἡ (cf. κραζο; on its classical use see Schmidt, Syn. i., chapter 3 § 4; from Euripides down). The Sept. for זְעָקָה, צְעָקָה, שַׁוְעָה, תְּרוּעָה, etc.; a crying, outcry, clamor: Matthew 25:6; Luke 1:42 T WH Tr text; Acts 23:9; Ephesians 4:31, and R G in Revelation 14:18; of the wailing of those in distress, Hebrews 5:7; Revelation 21:4.
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In P Petr II. 45iii. 25 (B.C. 246) (cf. III. p. 334) Ptolemy III. describes his triumphal reception—καὶ οἱ μὲν ἐδεξιοῦ [ντ ]ο, οἱ δὲ [ . . . . ] μετὰ κρότου καὶ κραυγῆς [. . ., where the word has the ";joyful";association that we find in Luke 1:42. On the other hand, in P Tebt I. 15i. 3 (B.C. 114) τῆι α ̄ τοῦ ὑποκειμένου μηνὸς ὡσεὶ περὶ ὥραν ι ̄α ̄ [[κραυγῆς ]] θορύβου γενομένου ἐν τῆι κώ (μηι), ";on the first of the current month at about the eleventh hour a disturbance occurred in the village"; (Edd.), we are reminded of the usage in Acts 23:9. The plur. is found in the interesting literary text, P Oxy X. 1242iii. 54 (early iii/A.D.), describing an audience between the Emperor Trajan and certain rival Greek and Jewish emissaries from Alexandria, where it is stated that sweat broke out on the image of Sarapis carried by the Alexandrians—θεασάμενος δὲ Τραιανὸς ἀπεθαύμασ [εν ], καὶ μεθ᾽ ὁλίγον συνδρομαὶ ἐγένοντο εἰς [τὴ ]ν Ῥώμην κραυγαί τε πανπληθεῖς ἐξεβοῶντ [ο κ ]αὶ πά [ν ]τες ἔφευγαν εἰς τὰ ὑψηλὰ μέρη τῶν λό [φων, ";and Trajan seeing it marvelled; and presently there were tumults in Rome and many shouts were raised, and all fled to the high parts of the hills"; (Edd.) : cf. Vett. Val. p. 2.35 πολέμους ̄, ἀρπαγάς, κραυγάς, ὕβρεις. For the word see also P Lond 44.17 cited s.v. ἀναλύω.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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