the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #268 - ἁμαρτωλός
- devoted to sin, a sinner
- not free from sin
- pre-eminently sinful, especially wicked
- all wicked men
- specifically of men stained with certain definite vices or crimes
- tax collectors, heathen
1. erroneous, ἁμαρτωλότερον Arist. EN 1109a33; erring, ἐν πᾶσιν Plu. 2.25c.
2. of bad character, δοῦλοι Phld. Ir. p.73 W.: c. gen., sinning against, θεῶν Michel 547.31 (Telmessus): — ἁμαρτωλὴ γέρων, barbarism in Ar. Th. 1111. Adv. -ῶς Eup. 24D. II Subst. ἁμαρτωλός, ὁ, sinner, LXX Genesis 13:13, al., Luke 18:13, al.
ἁμαρτωλός, (from the form ἁμάρτω, as φειδωλός from φείδομαι), devoted to sin, a (masculine or feminine) sinner. In the N. T. distinctions are so drawn that one is called ἁμαρτωλός who is,
a. not free from sin. In this sense all men are sinners; as, Matthew 9:13; Mark 2:17; Luke 5:8, 32; Luke 13:2; Luke 18:13; Romans 3:7; Romans 5:(8),19; 1 Timothy 1:15; Hebrews 7:26.
b. pre-eminently sinful, especially wicked; (α.). universally: 1 Timothy 1:9; Jude 1:15; Mark 8:38; Luke 6:32-34; Luke 7:37, 39; Luke 15:7, 10; John 9:16, 24f. John 9:31; Galatians 2:17; Hebrews 12:3; James 4:8; James 5:20; 1 Peter 4:18; ἁμαρτία itself is called ἁμαρτωλός, Romans 7:13. (β.) specifically, of men stained with certain definite vices or crimes, e. g. the tax-gatherers: Luke 15:2; Luke 18:13; Luke 19:7; hence, the combination τελῶναι καί ἁμαρτωλοί, Matthew 9:10; Matthew 11:19; Mark 2:15; Luke 5:30; Luke 7:34; Luke 15:1. heathen, called by the Jews sinners κατ' ἐξοχήν (1 Macc. 1:34 1 Macc. 2:48, 62; Tobit 13:6): Matthew 26:45 (?); Mark 14:41; Luke 24:7; Galatians 2:15. (The word is found often in the Sept., as the equivalent of חֹטֵא and רָשָׁע , and in the O. T. Apocrypha; very seldom in Greek writings, as Aristotle, eth. Nic. 2, 9, p. 1109, 33; Plutarch, de audiend. poët. 7, p. 25 c.)
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ἁμαρτωλός , -όν
(< ἁμαρτάνω ),
[in LXX chiefly for H7563;]
sinful, a sinner: of all men, 1 Timothy 1:15; of those especially wicked, 1 Timothy 1:9, 1 Peter 4:18; p1., Matthew 9:10-13; Matthew 11:19; Matthew 26:45, al. (v. MM, VGT, s.v.; Cremer, 102, 634).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
ἁμαρτωλός appears in OGIS 55.30 (B.C. 240) ἐὰν [δὲ ] μὴ συντελῆι ὁ ἄρχων καὶ οἱ πολῖται τὴν [θυσί ]αν κατ᾽ ἐνιαυτόν , ἁμαρτωλοὶ ἔστωσαν [θεῶ ]ν πάντων , ";sinners against all the gods."; Cf. also the common phrase in sepulchral epitaphs in the southwest of Asia Minor containing a threat against any one who shall desecrate the tomb, ἁμαρτωλὸς ἔστω θεοῖς (κατα )χθονίοις , ";let him be as a sinner before the (sub)terranean gods"; : see Deissmann LAE p. 115, who regards the genitive after ἁμαρτωλός as a possible ";provincialism of S.W. Asia Minor."; (See under ἔνοχος .) He cites another occurrence, from the same locality, with the formula as in OGIS 55 (p. 116 n.). Schlageter p. 24 adds IG III. 461 a. These instances are sufficient to prove the ";profane"; use of the word, as Cremer (ap. Deissmann ut s.) admitted in his Appendix.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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