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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1605 - ἐκπλήσσω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1537) and (G4141)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to strike out, expel by a blow, drive out or away
  2. to cast off by a blow, to drive out
    1. commonly, to strike one out of self-possession, to strike with panic, shock, astonish
  3. to be struck with amazement, astonished, amazed
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8074 ‑ שָׁמֵם (shaw‑mame');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (14)
Matthew 4
Mark 5
Luke 4
Acts 1
NAS (13)
Matthew 4
Mark 5
Luke 3
Acts 1
HCS (13)
Matthew 4
Mark 5
Luke 3
Acts 1
BSB (13)
Matthew 4
Mark 5
Luke 3
Acts 1
ESV (12)
Matthew 3
Mark 5
Luke 3
Acts 1
WEB (16)
Matthew 5
Mark 6
Luke 4
Acts 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I. Att. ἐκπλήρ-ττω, strike out of, drive away from, expel, ἐκ δ' ἔπληξέ μου τὴν αἰδῶ A. Pr. 134; ὃς (sc. κεραυνὸς) αὐτὸν ἐξέπληξε τῶν.. κομπασμάτων ib. 362, cf. E. Ion 635: abs., drive away, ἡ τέρψις τὸ λυπηρὸν ἐκπλήσσει Th. 2.38; φόβος μνήμην ἐ. ib. 87.


1. drive out of one's senses by a sudden shock, amaze, astound, Od. 18.231 (tm.); κάλλει καὶ ὥρᾳ διενεγκόντες ἐ. τινάς Aeschin. 1.134; ὁ φόβος ἐκπλήσσων.. Antipho 2.1.7; κακοὶ εὐτυχοῦντες ἐκπλήσσουσί με Trag.Adesp. 465; ὅ μ' ἐκπλήσσει λόγου frightens me in speaking, E. Or. 549: in this sense most freq. in aor. 2 Pass., ἐξεπλήγην (v. infr.), Att. ἐξεπλάγην [] (also aor. I ἐξεπλήχθην Id. Tr. 183: pf. part. ἐκπεπληγμένος A. Pers. 290, S. Tr. 386, etc.); to be panic-struck, amazed, esp. by fear, ἐκ γὰρ πλήγη φρένας Il. 16.403, cf. 13.394; ἡνίοχοι ἔκπληγεν 18.225: c. part., ἐκπεπληγμένον κεῖνον βλέποντες S. OT 922, cf. Ant. 433, etc.; ἐκπλαγῆναί τινι to be astonished at a thing, Hdt. 1.116, etc.; ὑπό τινος Id. 3.64; διά τι Th. 7.21; ἐπί τινι X. Cyr. 1.4.27; πρός τι Plu. Thes. 19, etc.: also c.acc., ἐκπλαγῆναί τινα to be struck with panic fear of.., S. Ph. 226, El. 1045; ἡμᾶς δ' ἂν..μάλιστα ἐκπεπληγμένοι εἶεν Th. 6.11, cf. 3.82.

2. generally, of any sudden, overpowering passion, to be struck with desire, Ar. Pl. 673; with love, E. Hipp. 38, Med. 8; χαρᾷ, ἡδονῇ, A. Ch. 233, S. Tr. 629; with admiration, Hdt. 3.148, etc.: c.acc.rei, ἐκπλαγέντα τὰ προκείμενα ἀγαθά Id. 9.82.

3. εἰς ὁμολογίαν ἐκπλήττειν frighten one into.., f.l. in Plb. 23.4.11.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐκπλήσσω, ἐκπλήττω: passive (present ἐκπλήσσομαι or ἐκπλήττομαι (so R G Matthew 13:54; Tr WH Acts 13:12)); imperfect ἐξεπλησσομην; 2 aorist ἐξεπλάγην; common in Greek from Homer down; properly, to strike out, expel by a blow, drive out or away; to cast off by a blow, to drive out; commonly, to strike one out of self-possession, to strike with panic, shock, astonish; passive to be struck with astonishment, astonished, amazed; absolutely: Matthew 13:54; Matthew 19:25; Mark 6:2; Mark 10:26; Luke 2:48; used of the glad amazement of the wondering people, Mark 7:37; ἐπί τῇ διδαχή, Matthew 7:28; Matthew 22:33; Mark 1:22; Mark 11:18; Luke 4:32; Acts 13:12; (ἐπί τῇ μεγαλειότητι, Luke 9:43), (ἐπί τῷ κάλλει, Xenophon, Cyril 1, 4, 27; ἐπί τῇ θεά, Aelian v. h. 12, 41; (Winer's Grammar, § 33, b.); by the Greeks also with simple dative and with accusative of the thing, as Wis. 13:4; 2 Macc. 7:12). (Synonym: see φοβέω, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐκ -πλήσσω

(Attic -ττω , Acts 13:12),

[in LXX: (pass.) Ecclesiastes 7:16, (H8074 hithp.), Wisdom of Solomon 13:4, 2 Maccabees 7:12, 4 Maccabees 8:4; 4 Maccabees 17:16*;]

1. prop., to strike out, drive away.

2. to strike with panic or shock, to amaze, astonish: pass., Matthew 13:54; Matthew 19:25, Mark 6:2; Mark 7:37; Mark 10:26, Luke 2:48; seq. ἐπί , c. dat. rei, Matthew 7:28; Matthew 22:33, Mark 1:22; Mark 11:18, Luke 4:32; Luke 9:43, Acts 13:12.†

SYN.: " πτωεῖν G?, to terrify, agitate with fear;

τρεμεῖν G5141, to tremble, predominantly physical;

φοβεῖν G5399, to fear, the general term," Thayer;

cf. also φρίσσω G5425, to shudder, and see δειλία G1167.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Are we to find this verb in BGU I. 246.7 (ii/iii A.D.) ὅτι σὺ αὐτὰ ἐκπλέξ [ει ]ν ὡς ἐργαζομ [ ]νου μου, cf..10? In the magic P Lond 121.922 (iii/A.D.) (= I. p. 113) for ἐκπλαγήσει the editor proposes (see Index s.v. ) ἐκπλαγὴς εἶ. The passive is found in its usual NT sense in the dialect inscr. Syll 802.46 (iii/B.C.) where with reference to the healing of a dumb boy we read—ὁ δὲ πατὴρ ἐκπλαγεὶς πάλιν [ἐκέλετο αὐ ]τὸν εἰπεῖν · ὁ δ᾽ ἔλεγε πάλιν καὶ ἐκ τούτου ὑ (γ)ιὴς ἐγέ [νετο. See also Aristeas 196 τοῖς ἐγγόνοις παρακελευόμενος μὴ ἐκπλήττεσθαι τῇ δόξῃ μηδὲ τῷ πλούτῳ, ";by warning thy descendants not to be dazzled by fame or wealth"; (Thackeray).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκπλαγής εκπλησσεσθαι ἐκπλήσσεσθαι εκπλησσόμενος ἐκπλησσόμενος εκπλήττεσθαι εκπληττομενος ἐκπληττόμενος εκπλυνεί εξεπλαγησαν εξεπλάγησαν ἐξεπλάγησαν εξεπλησσετο εξεπλήσσετο ἐξεπλήσσετο εξεπλησσοντο εξεπλήσσοντο ἐξεπλήσσοντο ekplessesthai ekplēssesthai ekplḗssesthai ekplessomenos ekplessómenos ekplēssomenos ekplēssómenos exeplagesan exeplagēsan exeplágesan exeplágēsan exeplesseto exeplēsseto exeplḗsseto exeplessonto exeplēssonto exeplḗssonto
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