the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1303 - διατίθεμαι
- to arrange, dispose of, one's own affairs
- of something that belongs to one
- to dispose of by will, make a testament
- to make a covenant, enter into a covenant, with one
Middle voice from G1223 and G5087
διατίθημι: to place separately, dispose, arrange, appoint, (cf. διά, C. 3). In the N. T. only in the middle, present διατίθεμαι; 2 aorist διεθέμην; future διαθήσομαι;
1. to arrange, dispose of, one's own affairs;
a. τί, of something that belongs to one (often so in secular authors from Xenophon down); with the dative of person added, in one's favor, to one's advantage; hence, to assign a thing to another as his possession: τίνι βασιλείαν (to appoint), Luke 22:29.
b. to dispose of by will, make a testament: Hebrews 9:16f; (Plato, legg. 11, p. 924 e.; with διαθήκην added, ibid., p. 923 c., etc.).
2. διατίθεμαι διαθήκην τίνι (פּ אֶת בֲּרִית כָּרַת, Jeremiah 38:31ff (
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δια -τίθημι ,
[in LXX chiefly for H3772, freq. δ . διαθήκην (H3772);]
to place separately, arrange, dispose. Mid, only in NT;
1. (a) in general, to dispose of; c. dat. pers., to assign to one, Luke 22:29;
(b) to dispose of by a will, make a testament (in cl., δ . διαθήκην also in this sense): Hebrews 9:16-17 (but cf. R, mg., and see διαθήκη ).
2. δ . διαθήκην , to make a covenant (Aristoph.): c. dat. pers., Hebrews 8:10 (LXX); seq. πρ , c. acc pers., Acts 3:25, Hebrews 10:16 (LXX) (cf. ἀντι -διατίθημι ).†
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As noted under διαθήκη, the regular formula in a will is τάδε διέθετο (νοῶν καὶ φρονῶν κτλ.) : see e.g. P Eleph 2.2 (B.C. 285–4) τάδε διέθετο Διονύσιος κτλ., P Lips I. 29.8 (A.D. 295) νοῦσα καὶ φρονοῦσα διεθέμην τόδε μου τὸ βούλημα, P Lond 171b.13 (iii/A.D.) (= II. p. 176) δι ]έθετό μοι διαθήκην α [ὐ ]τοῦ ἐσφραγισμένην. The use of the verb accords more closely with LXX and NT than that of the noun. Thus Syll 342.36, .38 (c. B.C. 48), of an envoy from a king to Pompey, οὐ μόνον τοὺς ὑπὲρ τοῦ βα [σιλ ]έως χρηματισμοὺς διέθετο τὴν εὔνοιαν τὴν Ῥωμαίων πα [ρ ]αγόμενος τῷ βασιλεῖ, ἀ [λ ]λὰ καὶ περὶ τῆς πατρίδος τοὺς καλλίστου [ς δ ]ιέθετο χρηματισμούς, ";he not only negotiated terms on behalf of the King, winning the King the Romans’ good will, but also negotiated the most honourable terms for his country."; The selection of διαθήκη in the LXX for ";covenant"; may well have followed this still current use of the verb, perhaps with the feeling that the δια - compound was more suitable than the συν - for a covenant with God—συνθ. might suggest an agreement on equal terms. As showing, however, how closely the usage of the two verbs approached, see Polyb. xxxii. 8. 13 ὁ γὰρ πατὴρ συνέθετο μὲν ἑκατέρᾳ τῶν θυγατέρων πεντήκοντα τάλαντα δώσειν. In P Ryl II. 116.9 (A.D. 194) ἀκολούθως ᾗ ἔθετο διαθήκῃ, we have a sporadic appearance of the simplex. In P Par 63viii. 6 (B.C. 164) we have πρὸς δὲ τοὺς ὁπωσδηποτοῦν (pap. ὁμωσ -) ἠγνωμονηκέναι φάσκοντας, εὐδιαλύ [τ ]ως καὶ πραέως διατίθεσθαι, and in P Lille I. 3.58 (after B.C. 241) the verb is used of the vendors of oil—ἐά [ν τι ]νας καταλαμβάνηι διατιθεμένους [π ]λειόνων τι ̣[μ ]ῶν τῶν συντεταγμένων, ";if he detect any disposing of it for larger sums than those agreed upon,"; P Oxy I. 99.9 (A.D. 55) οἰκία τῆς τοῦ ] διατιθεμένου Πνεφερῶτος ἀδελφῆς, ";sister of P. the seller"; : Wilcken (Archiv i. p. 128) quotes Herodotus i. 1. In BGU IV. 1202.10 (B.C. 18) ἐφ᾽ ᾧ δ ̣ι ̣α ̣θ ̣[ήσ ]ι ̣ κ [α ]τὰ νουμηνίαν ἑκάστην τῶι τοπογραμματεῖ. . . κύλληστιν εἰς τὸν ἀεὶ χρόνον, ";on condition that (the temple) supplies cyllestis (a kind of fancy bread),"; we have—if the reading is sound—another development from the central idea of ";making a disposition."; The passive in BGU IV. 1109.11 (B.C. 5) τῆς Καλλιτύχης ἐν ἀσθενείᾳ διατεθείσης shows yet another natural development.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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