the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
"All things that we ordained festival,
Turn from their office to black funeral."
This meaning is now obsolete. It is found in the King James Version of Psalm 132:17; Isaiah 30:33; Hebrews 9:6 (in each of which cases the Revised Version (British and American) or margin substitutes "prepare"); 1 Chronicles 17:9 (the Revised Version (British and American) "appoint"); Psalm 7:13 (the Revised Version (British and American) "maketh"); Habakkuk 1:12 (also the Revised Version (British and American)). (2) To establish, institute, bring into being: "When first this order (i.e. the Garter) was ordained, my Lord" (Shakespeare). So in 1 Kings 12:32 , "Jeroboam ordained a feast in the 8th month" (1 Kings 12:33 ); Numbers 28:6; Psalm 8:2 , Psalm 8:3; Isaiah 26:12; 2 Esdras 6:49 the King James Version (the Revised Version (British and American) "preserve"); Sirach 7:15; Galatians 3:19 . (3) To decree, give orders, prescribe:
"And doth the power that man adores
Ordain their doom ?"
So Esther 9:27 , "The Jews ordained ... that they would keep these two days according to the writing thereof"; 1 Esdras 6:34; 2 Esdras 7:17; 8:14 the King James Version; Tobit 1:6; 8:7 the King James Version (the Revised Version (British and American) "command"); Additions to Esther 14:9; 1 Macc 4:59; 7:49; Acts 16:4; Romans 7:10 the King James Version; 1 Corinthians 2:7; 1 Corinthians 7:17; 1 Corinthians 9:14; Ephesians 2:10 the King James Version. (4) To set apart for an office or duty, appoint, destine: "Being ordained his special governor" (Shakespeare). Frequent in EV. When the King James Version has "ordain" in this sense, the Revised Version (British and American) generally substitutes "appoint"; e.g. "He (Jesus) appointed (the King James Version "ordained") twelve, that they might be with him" ( Mark 3:14 ). So 2 Chronicles 11:15; Jeremiah 1:5; Daniel 2:24; 1 Esdras 8:49; 1 Macc 3:55; 10:20; John 15:16; Acts 14:23; 1 Timothy 2:7; Titus 1:5; Hebrews 5:1; Hebrews 8:3 . The Revised Version (British and American) substitutes "formedst" in The Wisdom of Solomon 9:2, "recorded" in Sirach 48:10, "become" in Acts 1:22 , "written of" (margin "set forth") in Judges 1:4 , but retains "ordain" in the sense of "appoint," "set apart," in 2 Kings 23:5; 1 Chronicles 9:22; 1 Esdras 8:23; Additions to Esther 13:6; Acts 10:42; Acts 13:48; Acts 17:31; Romans 13:1 . (5) To appoint ceremonially to the ministerial or priestly office, to confer holy orders on. This later technical or ecclesiastical sense is never found in English Versions of the Bible. The nearest approach is (4) above, but the idea of formal or ceremonial setting-apart to office (prominent in its modern usage) is never implied in the word.
Ordination : The act of arranging in regular order, especially the act of investing with ministerial or sacerdotal rank ( ordo ), the setting-apart for an office in the Christian ministry. The word does not occur in English Version of the Bible. The New Testament throws but little light on the origin of the later ecclesiastical rite of ordination. The 12 disciples were not set apart by any formal act on the part of Jesus. In Mark 3:14; John 15:16 , the King James Version rendering "ordain" is, in view of its modern usage, misleading; nothing more is implied than an appointment or election. In John 20:21-23 , we have indeed a symbolic act of consecration ("He breathed on them"), but "the act is described as one and not repeated. The gift was once for all, not to individuals but to the abiding body" (Westcott, at the place). In the Apostolic age there is no trace of the doctrine of an outward rite conferring inward grace, though we have instances of the formal appointment or recognition of those who had already given proof of their spiritual qualification. (1) The Seven were chosen by the brethren as men already "full of the Spirit and of wisdom," and were then "appointed" by the Twelve, who prayed and laid their hands upon them (Acts 6:1-6 ). (2) The call of Barnabas and Saul came direct from God (Acts 13:2 , "the work whereunto I have called them"; Acts 13:4 , they were "sent forth by the Holy Spirit"). Yet certain prophets and teachers were instructed by the Holy Spirit to "separate" them (i.e. publicly) for their work, which they did by fasting and praying and laying on of hands (Acts 13:3 ). But it was utterly foreign to Paul's point of view to regard the church's act as constituting him an apostle (compare Galatians 1:1 ). (3) Barnabas and Paul are said to have "ordained," the Revised Version (British and American) "appointed" (χειροτονήσαντες ,
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Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Ordain; Ordination'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​isb/​o/ordain-ordination.html. 1915.