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Bible Encyclopedias
Measure; Measures

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

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mezh´ū́r , Several different words in the Hebrew and Greek are rendered by "measure" in English Versions of the Bible. In Job 11:9 and Jeremiah 13:25 it stands for מד , madh , מדּה , middāh , and it is the usual rendering of the verb מדד , mādhadh , "to measure," i.e. "stretch out," "extend," "spread." It is often used to render the words representing particular measures, such as ['ephah (Deuteronomy 25:14 , Deuteronomy 25:15; Proverbs 20:10; Micah 6:10 ); or kor (1 Kings 4:22; 1 Kings 5:11 ( 1 Kings 5:2 and 1 Kings 5:5 :25 Hebrew text); 2 Chronicles 2:10 (Hebrew text 2:9) 2 Chronicles 27:5; Ezra 7:22 ); or seah (Genesis 18:6; 1 Samuel 25:18; 1 Kings 18:32; 2 Kings 7:1 , 2 Kings 7:16 , 2 Kings 7:18 ); or βάτος , bátos , "bath" (Luke 16:6 ). For these terms see WEIGHTS AND MEASURES . It also renders מדּה , middāh , "measure of length" (Exodus 26:2 ); משׂוּרה , mesūrāh , a liquid measure (Leviticus 19:35; 1 Chronicles 23:29; Ezekiel 4:11 , Ezekiel 4:16 ); משׁפּט , mishpāṭ , "judgment" (Jeremiah 30:11; Jeremiah 46:28 ); סאסאה , ṣa'ṣe'āh , a word of uncertain meaning, perhaps derived from seah (Isaiah 27:8 ); שׁלישׁ , shālı̄sh , "threefold, large measure" (Psalm 80:5 (Hebrew text 80:6); Isaiah 40:12 ); תּכן , tōkhēn , and מתכּנת , mathkōneth , "weight" and that which is weighed, taken as measure (Ezekiel 45:11 ). In Isaiah 5:14 it stands for חק , ḥoḳ , "limit." In the New Testament, besides being the usual rendering of the verb μετρέω , metréō , and of the noun μέτρον , métron , it is used for χοῖνιξ , choı́nix , a dry measure containing about a quart (Revelation 6:6 ).

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Measure; Measures'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/​encyclopedias/​eng/​isb/​m/measure-measures.html. 1915.
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