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Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words
'Ayil (אַיִל, Strong's #352), “pillar.” This word appears 22 times and only once outside Ezek. 40-41: “And for the entering of the oracle he made doors of olive tree: the lintel [pillar] and side posts were a fifth part of the wall” (1 Kings 6:31).
Matstsêbâh (מַצֵּבָה, Strong's #4676), “pillar; monument; sacred stone.” This word is derived from the verb nashab, and it is found about 35 times. This word refers to a “pillar” as a personal memorial in 2 Sam. 18:18: “Now Absalom in his lifetime had taken and reared up for himself a pillar … and he called the pillar after his own name: and it is called unto this day, Absalom’s place.” In Gen. 28:18 the “monument” is a memorial of the Lord’s appearance. Matstsêbâh is used in connection with the altar built by Moses in Exod. 24:4, and it refers to “sacred stones or pillars.”
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Pillar'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of OT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/vot/p/pillar.html. 1940.