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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
see EXPERIENCE , No. 2.
"a test, a proof," is rendered "proof" in James 1:3 , RV (AV, "trying"); it is regarded by some as equivalent to dokimeion, "a crucible, a test;" it is the neuter form of the adjective dokimios, used as a noun, which has been taken to denote the means by which a man is tested and "proved" (Mayor), in the same sense as dokime (No. 1) in 2 Corinthians 8:2; the same phrase is used in 1 Peter 1:7 , RV, "the proof (of your faith)," AV, "the trial;" where the meaning probably is "that which is approved [i.e., as genuine] in your faith;" this interpretation, which was suggested by Hort, and may hold good for James 1:3 , has been confirmed from the papyri by Deissmann (Bible Studies, p. 259ff.). Moulton and Milligan (Vocab.) give additional instances.
see DECLARE , B. Cp. the synonymous word endeigma, "a token," 2 Thessalonians 1:5 , which refers rather to the thing "proved," while endeixis points to the act of "proving."
"a sure sign, a positive proof" (from tekmar, "a mark, sign"), occurs in Acts 1:3 , RV, "proofs" (AV, "infallible proofs;" a "proof" does not require to be described as infallible, the adjective is superfluous).Note: For the AV in 2 Timothy 4:5 , "make full proof," RV, "fulfill" (plerophoreo), see FULFILL.
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Proof'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/p/proof.html. 1940.