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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Money

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1: ἀργύριον

(Strong's #694 — Noun Neuter — argurion — ar-goo'-ree-on )

properly, "a piece of silver," denotes (a) "silver," e.g., Acts 3:6; (b) a "silver coin," often in the plural, "pieces of silver," e.g., Matthew 26:15; so Matthew 28:12 , where the meaning is "many, (hikanos) pieces of silver;" (c) "money;" it has this meaning in Matthew 25:18,27; 28:15; Mark 14:11; Luke 9:3; 19:15,23; 22:5; Acts 8:20 (here the RV has "silver").

Note: In Acts 7:16 , for the AV, "(a sum of) money," the RV has "(a price in) silver." See SILVER.

2: χρῆμα

(Strong's #5536 — Noun Neuter — chrema — khray'-mah )

lit., "a thing that one uses" (akin to chraomai, "to use"), hence, (a) "wealth, riches," Mark 10:23,24; Luke 18:24; (b) "money," Acts 4:37 , singular number, "a sum of money;" plural in 8:18,20; 24:26. See RICHES.

3: χαλκός

(Strong's #5475 — Noun Masculine — chalkos — khal-kos' )

"copper," is used, by metonymy, of "copper coin," translated "money," in Mark 6:8; 12:41 . See BRASS.

4: κέρμα

(Strong's #2772 — Noun Neuter — kerma — ker'-mah )

primarily "a slice" (akin to keiro, "to cut short"), hence, "a small coin, change," is used in the plural in John 2:15 , "the changers' money," probably considerable heaps of small coins.

5: νόμισμα

(Strong's #3546 — Noun Neuter — nomisma — nom'-is-mah )

primarily "that which is established by custom" (nomos, "a custom, law"), hence, "the current coin of a state, currency," is found in Matthew 22:19 , "(tribute) money." In the Sept., Nehemiah 7:71 .

Note: In Matthew 17:27 , AV, stater ("a coin," estimated at a little over three shillings, equivalent to four drachmae, the temple-tax for two persons), is translated "piece of money" (RV, "shekel"). See SHEKEL.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Money'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/m/money.html. 1940.

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