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Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible
AGONY ( Luke 22:44 ) is not a translation but a transliteration of the Greek agÃ´nia , equivalent to St. Matthew’s ‘sorrowful and sore troubled’ ( Matthew 26:37 ) and St. Mark’s ‘greatly amazed and sore troubled’ ( Mark 14:33 ). The word does not mean ‘agony’ in the English sense. AgÃ´n was ‘a contest,’ and agÃ´nia the trepidation of a combatant about to enter the lists. Christ’s Agony in Gethsemane was the horror which overwhelmed Him as He faced the final ordeal.
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Hastings, James. Entry for 'Agony'. Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdb/a/agony.html. 1909.