the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #74 - ἀγωνία
- a struggle for victory
- gymnastic exercise, wrestling
- of severe mental struggles and emotions, agony, anguish
ἀγων-ία, ἡ, contest, struggle for victory, ἀγὼν διὰ πάσης ἀγωνίης ἔχων Hdt. 2.91; πολεμίων ἀ. E. Hec. 314, cf. Tr. 1003; esp. in games, Pi. O. 2.52, P. 5.113: — also in Prose, ἐν δημοτικῇ ἀ. X. Cyr. 2.3.15; ἅπασαν ἀ. ἐκτεἶναι [ D. ] 60.30, etc.
2. gymnastic exercise, Hp. Art. 11, Pl. Men. 94b, Lg. 765c, etc.: generally, exercise, Id. Grg. 456d sq., R. 618b.
3. of the mind, agony, anguish, ἐν φόβῳ καὶ πολλῇ ἀ. D. 18.33, cf. Men. 534.12 (pl.), Arist. Pr. 869b6; ἐν τοῖς τῆς ψυχῆς φόβοις, ἐλπίσιν, ἀγωνίαις Id. Spir. 483a5; cf. Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.248, al., Phld. Ir. p 56 W. (pl.), Nic.Dam. Vit. Caes. 9.
ἀγωνία, (ας, ἡ;
1. equivalent to ἀγών, which see.
2. It is often used, from Demosthenes (on the Crown, p. 236, 19 ἦν ὁ Φίλιππος ἐν φόβῳ καί πολλή ἀγωνία) down, of severe mental struggles and emotions, agony, anguish: Luke 22:44 (L brackets WH reject the passage); (2 Macc. 3:14, 16 2Macc. 15:19; Josephus, Antiquities 11, 8, 4 ὁ ἀρχιερεύς ἦν ἐν ἀγωνία καί δηι. (Cf. Field, Otium Norv. iii. on Luke, the passage cited.)
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** ἀγωνία -ας , ἡ
[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 3:14; 2 Maccabees 3:16; 2 Maccabees 15:10 *;]
1. a contest, wrestling (Eur., Xen.).
2. Of the mind, great fear, agony, anguish (Dem., Arist.): Luke 22:44 (cf. Field, Notes, 77 f.; Abbott, Essays, 101 f.; MM, VGT, s.v.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
P Tebt II. 423.13 f. (early iii/A.D.) ὡς εἰς ἀγωνίαν με γενέσθαι ἐν τῷ πάροντι, ";so I am at present very anxious"; (Edd.). The corresponding verb is common with the meaning ";to be distressed,"; ";to fear."; Thus P Petr II. 11 (1) ἵνα εἰδῶμεν ἐν οἷς εἶ καὶ μὴ ἀγωνιῶμεν, ";that we may know what you are about, and we may not be anxious"; (Ed.); ib. III. 53 (l).15 f. οὐ γὰρ ὡς ἔτυχεν ἀγωνιῶμεν, ";for we are in a state of no ordinary anxiety"; (Edd.); P Oxy IV. 744.4 (B.C. 1) ( = Selections, p. 32), μὴ ἀγωνιᾷς, ";do not worry";; ib..14 ἐρωτῶ σε οὖν ἵνα μὴ ἀγωνιάσῃς, ";I urge you therefore not to worry."; An almost contemporary instance is afforded by BGU IV. 1078.5 (A.D. 39) ὅτι ἀγωνιῶ περὶ ὑμῶν : of a later date are P Giss I. 17.5,12 (time of Hadrian), ib. 19.3 μεγάλως ἀγωνιῶσα περί σου, PSI 94.16 (ii/A.D.) μὴ ἀγωνία δὲ περὶ τῶν ἱματίων. The verb is found twice in the apocryphal Gospel of Peter 5, ἠγωνίων μή ποτε ὁ ἥλιος ἔδυ, and 10 ἀγωνιῶντες μεγάλως καὶ λέγοντες Ἀληθῶς υἱὸς ἦν θεοῦ. On the translation of ἀγωνία in Luke 22:44 see a note by Moffatt in Exp. VIII. vii. p. 91 ff.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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