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Bible Commentaries
1 Samuel 24

Treasury of Scripture KnowledgeTreasury of Scripture Knowledge

Introduction

Overview

1 Samuel 24:1, David, in a cave at En-gedi, having cut off Saul’s skirt, spares his life; 1 Samuel 24:8, He shews thereby his innocency; 1 Samuel 24:16, Saul, acknowledging his fault, takes an oath of David, and departs.

Verse 1

when Saul: 1 Samuel 23:28, 1 Samuel 23:29

following: Heb. after

it was told: 1 Samuel 23:19, Proverbs 25:5, Proverbs 29:12, Ezekiel 22:9, Hosea 7:3

the wilderness: 1 Samuel 23:29

Reciprocal: Song of Solomon 1:14 - Engedi Hebrews 11:38 - wandered

Verse 2

Saul took: 1 Samuel 13:2

and went: Psalms 37:32, Psalms 38:12

the rocks: Psalms 104:18, Psalms 141:6

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 26:2 - three thousand 2 Kings 6:14 - sent he thither horses Job 39:1 - the wild Psalms 17:11 - compassed

Verse 3

the sheepcotes: Caves in the rocks, in which it is still common for shepherds and their flocks to lodge. Dr. Pococke observes, "Beyond the valley - of Tekoa there is a very large grotto, which the Arabs call El-Maamah, a hiding place: the high rocks on each side of the valley are almost perpendicular; and the way to the grotto is by a terrace formed in the rock, which is very narrow. There are two entrances into it; we went by the farthest, which leads by a narrow passage into a very large grotto, the rock being supported by natural pillars; the top of it rises in several places like domes; the grotto is perfectly dry. There is a tradition, that the people of the country, to the number of 30,000, retired into this grotto, to avoid a bad air. This place is so strong, that one would imagine it to be one of the strong holds of En-gedi, to which David and his men fled from Saul, and possibly it may be that very cave in which he cut off Saul's skirt; for David and his men might, with good ease, lie hid there and not be seen by him." Travels, vol. ii. P. 1. p. 41.

and Saul: Psalms 141:6

to cover: Judges 3:24

David: Psalms 57:1, Psalms 142:1,*titles

Reciprocal: Joshua 10:16 - in a cave 1 Samuel 13:6 - in caves 2 Samuel 17:9 - he is hid Psalms 17:11 - compassed Jeremiah 41:9 - because of Gedaliah Ezekiel 33:27 - in the caves Jonah 1:5 - the sides

Verse 4

the men: 1 Samuel 26:8-11, 2 Samuel 4:8, Job 31:31

I will deliver: 1 Samuel 24:10, 1 Samuel 24:18, 1 Samuel 23:7, 1 Samuel 26:23

Saul's robe: Heb. the robe which was Saul's

Reciprocal: Exodus 21:13 - God 1 Samuel 26:12 - So David 1 Kings 11:30 - rent it 2 Kings 6:21 - shall 2 Kings 8:15 - And it came Isaiah 33:15 - stoppeth Jeremiah 40:15 - Let Luke 9:55 - and rebuked

Verse 5

David's heart: 2 Samuel 12:9, 2 Samuel 24:10, 2 Kings 22:19, 1 John 3:20, 1 John 3:21

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 25:13 - David also 1 Kings 11:30 - rent it Romans 13:5 - ye

Verse 6

the Lord forbid: 1 Samuel 26:9-11, 2 Samuel 1:14, 1 Kings 21:3, Job 31:29, Job 31:30, Matthew 5:44, Romans 12:14-21, Romans 13:1, Romans 13:2, 1 Thessalonians 5:15

Reciprocal: Exodus 22:28 - nor curse 1 Samuel 10:1 - a vial 1 Samuel 12:3 - his anointed 1 Samuel 25:13 - David also 1 Samuel 25:28 - evil hath 1 Samuel 26:11 - that I should 1 Samuel 26:16 - Lord's 1 Samuel 26:23 - I would not 2 Samuel 19:21 - cursed 2 Samuel 20:21 - lifted Psalms 119:87 - but I forsook Proverbs 24:21 - fear Lamentations 4:20 - the anointed Romans 13:5 - ye

Verse 7

stayed: Heb. cut off, Psalms 7:4, Matthew 5:44, Romans 12:17-21

suffered: 1 Samuel 25:33

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 25:28 - evil hath 1 Samuel 26:9 - who can stretch 1 Samuel 26:23 - I would not Psalms 119:87 - but I forsook

Verse 8

My lord: 1 Samuel 26:17

David stooped: 1 Samuel 20:41, 1 Samuel 25:23, 1 Samuel 25:24, Genesis 17:3, Exodus 20:12, Romans 13:7, 1 Peter 2:17

Reciprocal: Joshua 10:16 - in a cave 1 Samuel 26:13 - the top 1 Kings 1:16 - bowed Psalms 57:1 - when Daniel 4:19 - My Lord

Verse 9

1 Samuel 26:19, Leviticus 19:16, Psalms 101:5, Psalms 141:6, Proverbs 16:28, Proverbs 17:4, Proverbs 18:8, Proverbs 25:23, Proverbs 26:20-22, Proverbs 26:28, Proverbs 29:12, Ecclesiastes 7:21, Ecclesiastes 7:22, James 3:6

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 26:18 - Wherefore Psalms 7:3 - if I Psalms 31:13 - I have Psalms 35:11 - False witnesses Psalms 64:6 - search Psalms 119:61 - but I Psalms 119:161 - Princes Psalms 120:7 - when Proverbs 30:10 - Accuse not Jeremiah 37:18 - General Daniel 6:22 - and also

Verse 10

bade me: 1 Samuel 24:4, 1 Samuel 26:8

the Lord's: 1 Samuel 26:9, Psalms 105:15

Reciprocal: Exodus 21:13 - God Exodus 22:28 - nor curse Judges 4:7 - deliver 1 Samuel 24:18 - Lord Job 31:31 - the men Psalms 7:4 - I have Psalms 17:3 - shalt Psalms 55:20 - put Psalms 119:78 - without Psalms 131:2 - quieted Lamentations 3:52 - without Lamentations 4:20 - the anointed Ezekiel 20:17 - mine Matthew 5:39 - That

Verse 11

my father: 1 Samuel 18:27, 2 Kings 5:13, Proverbs 15:1

neither evil: 1 Samuel 26:18, Psalms 7:3, Psalms 7:4, Psalms 35:7, John 15:25

thou huntest: 1 Samuel 23:14, 1 Samuel 23:23, 1 Samuel 26:20, Job 10:16, Psalms 140:11, Lamentations 4:18, Ezekiel 13:18, Micah 7:2

Reciprocal: Genesis 40:15 - done Numbers 35:20 - by laying 1 Samuel 20:1 - What have 1 Samuel 22:14 - And who 1 Samuel 25:8 - thy son 1 Samuel 25:28 - evil hath 1 Chronicles 12:17 - God Psalms 15:3 - doeth Psalms 17:9 - deadly enemies Psalms 18:20 - cleanness Psalms 25:21 - General Psalms 35:19 - that hate Psalms 37:14 - slay Psalms 59:3 - not Psalms 119:121 - I have Psalms 140:2 - continually Proverbs 28:12 - but Jeremiah 16:16 - hunters Acts 25:5 - if 1 Corinthians 8:12 - when

Verse 12

Lord judge: 1 Samuel 26:10, 1 Samuel 26:23, Genesis 16:5, Judges 11:27, Job 5:8, Psalms 7:8, Psalms 7:9, Psalms 35:1, Psalms 43:1, Psalms 94:1, Romans 12:19, 1 Peter 2:23, Revelation 6:10

but mine hand: 1 Samuel 26:11

Reciprocal: Judges 11:10 - be witness 1 Samuel 24:15 - be judge Psalms 7:16 - General Psalms 17:3 - shalt Psalms 35:19 - that hate Psalms 140:2 - continually Psalms 143:12 - of thy mercy Proverbs 22:23 - the Lord Luke 18:7 - avenge Acts 25:5 - if 2 Timothy 4:14 - reward

Verse 13

Wickedness: Matthew 7:16-18, Matthew 12:33, Matthew 12:34, Matthew 15:19

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 25:11 - Shall I then 2 Kings 8:15 - And it came Esther 7:6 - this wicked Psalms 7:16 - General Isaiah 21:2 - the treacherous Isaiah 32:6 - the vile Ezekiel 16:44 - every Daniel 12:10 - but the wicked Matthew 15:18 - General 1 Thessalonians 5:15 - none

Verse 14

the king: 2 Samuel 6:20, 1 Kings 21:7

a dead dog: 1 Samuel 17:43, 2 Samuel 3:8, 2 Samuel 9:8, 2 Samuel 16:9

a flea: 1 Samuel 26:20, Judges 8:1-3

Reciprocal: Job 7:17 - magnify Job 13:25 - break Psalms 113:7 - needy Psalms 124:7 - Our soul Psalms 142:6 - for they Lamentations 4:18 - hunt Mark 14:48 - Are

Verse 15

be judge: 1 Samuel 24:12, 2 Chronicles 24:22, Micah 1:2

plead: Psalms 35:1, Psalms 43:1, Psalms 119:154, Micah 7:9

deliver: Heb. judge, 1 Samuel 26:4

Reciprocal: Genesis 32:11 - Deliver Judges 11:27 - be judge 1 Samuel 25:31 - avenged 1 Samuel 26:10 - the Lord liveth 2 Samuel 3:8 - Amos I a dog's head 2 Samuel 9:8 - a dead dog 2 Samuel 22:1 - and out Psalms 26:1 - Judge Psalms 124:7 - Our soul Proverbs 22:23 - the Lord Jeremiah 11:20 - revealed Mark 14:48 - Are

Verse 16

Is this: 1 Samuel 26:17, Job 6:25, Proverbs 15:1, Proverbs 25:11, Luke 21:15, Acts 6:10

Saul lifted: Genesis 33:4

Reciprocal: Genesis 21:16 - lift Romans 12:20 - if thine

Verse 17

Thou art: 1 Samuel 26:21, Genesis 38:26, Exodus 9:27, Psalms 37:6, Matthew 27:4

thou hast: Matthew 5:44, Romans 12:20, Romans 12:21

Reciprocal: Genesis 44:4 - Wherefore Numbers 22:34 - I Have sinned 1 Samuel 20:1 - What have 1 Samuel 25:28 - evil hath 2 Kings 6:23 - he prepared Psalms 7:4 - without Psalms 18:20 - rewarded Psalms 37:14 - slay Psalms 59:3 - not Psalms 119:78 - without Proverbs 17:13 - General Proverbs 19:19 - man Jeremiah 18:20 - evil Ezekiel 16:52 - they are more Daniel 6:5 - General Acts 23:9 - We

Verse 18

Lord: 1 Samuel 24:10, 1 Samuel 23:7, 1 Samuel 26:23

delivered me: Heb. shut me up, 1 Samuel 23:12, 1 Samuel 26:8, *marg. Psalms 31:8

Reciprocal: Exodus 21:13 - God Judges 4:7 - deliver 1 Samuel 24:4 - I will deliver 2 Samuel 18:28 - delivered up 2 Kings 6:23 - he prepared Job 12:14 - he shutteth Job 16:11 - delivered me

Verse 19

the Lord: 1 Samuel 23:21, 1 Samuel 26:25, Judges 17:2, Psalms 18:20, Proverbs 25:21, Proverbs 25:22

Reciprocal: Genesis 27:7 - before the Ruth 2:12 - recompense 1 Samuel 17:37 - Go 1 Samuel 25:33 - avenging 1 Samuel 26:8 - God 2 Samuel 2:5 - Blessed 2 Kings 6:21 - shall Psalms 13:2 - enemy Jeremiah 34:11 - General

Verse 20

I know well: 1 Samuel 20:30, 1 Samuel 20:31, 1 Samuel 23:17, 2 Samuel 3:17, 2 Samuel 3:18, Job 15:25, Matthew 2:3-6, Matthew 2:13, Matthew 2:16

Reciprocal: Genesis 37:20 - and we Numbers 24:1 - saw 1 Samuel 18:28 - General 1 Samuel 28:17 - thy neighbour Psalms 18:20 - rewarded Psalms 63:11 - the king

Verse 21

Swear: 1 Samuel 20:14-17, Genesis 21:23, Genesis 31:48, Genesis 31:53, Hebrews 6:16

that thou: 2 Samuel 21:6-8

Reciprocal: Leviticus 5:4 - to do evil Joshua 2:12 - that ye will 1 Samuel 20:15 - thou shalt

Verse 22

David and: Proverbs 26:24, Proverbs 26:25, Matthew 10:16, Matthew 10:17, John 2:24

the hold: 1 Samuel 23:29

Reciprocal: Genesis 21:23 - swear Leviticus 5:4 - to do evil Joshua 2:12 - that ye will 1 Samuel 26:25 - So David 2 Samuel 19:39 - returned 2 Samuel 23:14 - an hold 1 Chronicles 12:8 - into the hold

Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 24". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-samuel-24.html.
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