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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Samuel 25

Overview

1 Samuel 25:1, Samuel dies; 1 Samuel 25:2, David in Paran sends to Nabal; 1 Samuel 25:10, Provoked by Nabal’s churlishness, he minds to destroy him; 1 Samuel 25:14, Abigail understanding thereof, 1 Samuel 25:18, takes a present; 1 Samuel 25:23, and by her wisdom, 1 Samuel 25:32, pacifies David; 1 Samuel 25:36, Nabal hearing thereof, dies; 1 Samuel 25:39, David takes Abigail and Ahinoam to be his wives; 1 Samuel 25:44, Michal is given to Phalti.

Verse 1

am 2944, bc 1060, An, Ex, Is 431

Samuel: 1 Samuel 28:3

lamented: Genesis 50:11, Numbers 20:29, Deuteronomy 34:8, Acts 8:2

in his house: 1 Samuel 7:17, 1 Kings 2:34, 2 Chronicles 33:20, Isaiah 14:18

the wilderness: Genesis 14:6, Genesis 21:21, Numbers 10:12, Numbers 12:16, Numbers 13:3, Numbers 13:26, Psalms 120:5

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 1:1 - Paran Judges 4:5 - between 1 Samuel 7:15 - judged 2 Chronicles 32:33 - did him Habakkuk 3:3 - Paran

Verse 2

Maon: 1 Samuel 23:24

possessions were: or, business was

Carmel: Not the famous mount Carmel, in the north of Canaan, and in the tribe of Asher; but a city, on a mountain of the same name, in the south of Judah, which seems to have given name to the surrounding territory. Eusebius and Jerome inform us, that there was in their time a town called Carmelia, ten miles east from Hebron, where the Romans kept a garrison, whose position well agrees with this Carmel.

man: Genesis 26:13, 2 Samuel 19:32, Psalms 17:14, Psalms 73:3-7, Luke 16:19-25

three thousand: Genesis 13:2, Job 1:3, Job 42:12

shearing: This was a very ancient custom, and appears to have been always attended with festivity. The ancient Romans, however, used to pluck off the wool from the sheep's backs; and hence a fleece was called vellus, a vellendo, from plucking it off. Pliny says, that in his time sheep were not shorn every where, but in some places the wool was still plucked off. Genesis 38:13, 2 Samuel 13:23, 2 Samuel 13:24

Carmel: 1 Samuel 30:5, Joshua 15:55

Reciprocal: Genesis 32:14 - General Joshua 12:22 - Carmel Judges 10:12 - the Maonites 1 Samuel 9:1 - power 1 Samuel 15:12 - Carmel Psalms 73:7 - have Daniel 2:48 - a great Amos 1:2 - Carmel

Verse 3

good: Proverbs 14:1, Proverbs 31:26, Proverbs 31:30, Proverbs 31:31

was churlish: 1 Samuel 25:10, 1 Samuel 25:11, 1 Samuel 25:17, Psalms 10:3, Isaiah 32:5-7

and he was: Wehoo calibbee, literally, "and he was a Calebite;" but as the word cailev signifies a dog, the Septuagint has understood it as implying a man of canine disposition, and translated it, ךבי בםטסשנןע ךץםיךןע, "and he was a doggish man." It is understood in the same way by the Syriac and Arabic.

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 27:3 - with his two 2 Samuel 3:3 - Abigail 2 Samuel 20:16 - General Esther 1:11 - fair to look on Proverbs 11:29 - that Proverbs 30:22 - a fool

Verse 4

did shear: Genesis 38:13, 2 Samuel 13:23

Reciprocal: Genesis 38:12 - in process of time

Verse 5

greet him: etc. Heb. ask him in my name of peace, 1 Samuel 17:22, Genesis 43:23

Reciprocal: Genesis 29:6 - Is he well Genesis 43:27 - welfare Jeremiah 15:5 - how thou doest

Verse 6

liveth: 1 Thessalonians 3:8, 1 Timothy 5:6

Peace be both: 2 Samuel 18:28, *marg. 1 Chronicles 12:18, Psalms 122:7, Matthew 10:12, Matthew 10:13, Luke 10:5, John 14:27, 2 Thessalonians 3:16

Reciprocal: Genesis 43:23 - Peace Judges 19:20 - Peace be Psalms 49:18 - praise Ephesians 6:23 - Peace James 5:5 - have lived

Verse 7

thy shepherds: In those times, and at the present day, wandering Arabs, under their several chiefs, think that they have a right to exact contributions of provisions, etc., wherever they come. But David, though he lived in the wilderness like the Arab emirs, had not adopted their manners: one of them, at the head of 600 men, would have demanded, from time to time, some provision or present from Nabal's servants, for permitting them to feed at quiet; and would have driven them away from the watering place upon any dislike. David had done nothing of this kind; but had protected them against those who would.

we hurt: Heb. we shamed, 1 Samuel 25:15, 1 Samuel 25:16, 1 Samuel 25:21, 1 Samuel 22:2, Isaiah 11:6-9, Luke 3:14, Philippians 2:15, Philippians 4:8

Reciprocal: Joshua 15:55 - Maon

Verse 8

a good day: Nehemiah 8:10-12, Esther 9:19, Ecclesiastes 11:2, Luke 11:41, Luke 14:12-14

thy son: 1 Samuel 3:6, 1 Samuel 24:11

Reciprocal: Genesis 32:13 - which Genesis 33:15 - find grace Genesis 47:15 - Give us bread Judges 9:33 - as thou shalt find 2 Kings 8:9 - Thy son Benhadad Esther 2:18 - gave gifts Esther 8:17 - a feast Psalms 69:13 - in an Proverbs 21:10 - findeth no favour

Verse 9

ceased: Heb. rested, or, became quiet, Genesis 8:4, 2 Kings 2:15, 2 Chronicles 14:7

Reciprocal: Proverbs 29:7 - but

Verse 10

Who is David: 1 Samuel 20:30, 1 Samuel 22:7, 1 Samuel 22:8, Exodus 5:2, Judges 9:28, 2 Samuel 20:1, 1 Kings 12:16, Psalms 73:7, Psalms 73:8, Psalms 123:3, Psalms 123:4, Isaiah 32:5, Isaiah 32:7

there be: 1 Samuel 22:2, Ecclesiastes 7:10

Reciprocal: Judges 8:6 - General Judges 12:4 - fugitives 1 Samuel 20:10 - answer thee 1 Samuel 20:27 - the son 1 Samuel 25:3 - was churlish 1 Kings 12:13 - answered 2 Chronicles 10:13 - answered Psalms 35:11 - False witnesses Psalms 64:6 - search Psalms 119:22 - Remove Proverbs 13:16 - a fool Proverbs 15:1 - grievous Proverbs 18:23 - rich Proverbs 30:22 - a fool Ecclesiastes 10:13 - beginning Isaiah 32:6 - the vile James 4:12 - who

Verse 11

Shall I then: 1 Samuel 25:3, 1 Samuel 24:13, Deuteronomy 8:17, Judges 8:6, Job 31:17, Psalms 73:7, Psalms 73:8, 1 Peter 4:9

flesh: Heb. slaughter

give it: Ecclesiastes 11:1, Ecclesiastes 11:2, Galatians 6:10

whom: 1 Samuel 25:14, 1 Samuel 25:15, John 9:29, John 9:30, 2 Corinthians 6:9

Reciprocal: Genesis 43:16 - slay Deuteronomy 23:4 - Because they met Judges 8:24 - because 1 Kings 12:13 - answered 2 Chronicles 10:13 - answered Proverbs 13:16 - a fool Proverbs 15:1 - grievous Proverbs 30:22 - a fool Ecclesiastes 10:13 - beginning Isaiah 32:6 - the vile

Verse 12

came: 2 Samuel 24:13, Isaiah 36:21, Isaiah 36:22, Hebrews 13:17

Reciprocal: Luke 14:21 - and showed

Verse 13

Gird ye: Joshua 9:14, Proverbs 14:29, Proverbs 16:32, Proverbs 19:2, Proverbs 19:11, Proverbs 25:8, James 1:19, James 1:20

David also: 1 Samuel 24:5, 1 Samuel 24:6, Romans 12:19-21

two hundred: 1 Samuel 30:9, 1 Samuel 30:10, 1 Samuel 30:21-24

Reciprocal: Genesis 45:20 - stuff 1 Samuel 23:13 - six hundred 1 Samuel 25:21 - Surely 1 Samuel 27:2 - the six 1 Samuel 30:24 - tarrieth

Verse 14

railed on them: Heb. flew upon them, Mark 15:29

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 20:10 - answer thee 1 Samuel 25:11 - whom 2 Kings 5:13 - his servants Proverbs 25:15 - long Acts 7:27 - he that Acts 25:13 - unto 1 Corinthians 1:11 - it hath

Verse 15

very good: 1 Samuel 25:7, 1 Samuel 25:21, Philippians 2:15

hurt: Heb. shamed

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 22:2 - a captain 1 Samuel 25:11 - whom Acts 7:27 - he that

Verse 16

a wall: Exodus 14:22, Job 1:10, Jeremiah 15:20, Zechariah 2:5

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 22:2 - a captain 1 Samuel 25:7 - we hurt Psalms 38:20 - render

Verse 17

evil: 1 Samuel 20:7, 1 Samuel 20:9, 1 Samuel 20:33, 2 Chronicles 25:16, Esther 7:7

a son of Belial: 1 Samuel 25:25, 1 Samuel 2:12, Deuteronomy 13:13, Judges 19:22, 2 Samuel 23:6, 2 Samuel 23:7, 1 Kings 21:10, 1 Kings 21:13, 2 Chronicles 13:7

that a man: 1 Samuel 20:32, 1 Samuel 20:33, 2 Kings 5:13, 2 Kings 5:14

Reciprocal: Genesis 19:9 - Stand Genesis 32:20 - I will appease 1 Samuel 20:10 - answer thee 1 Samuel 22:17 - slay the priests 1 Samuel 25:3 - was churlish 1 Samuel 30:22 - wicked 2 Samuel 16:7 - man of Belial Proverbs 11:29 - that Proverbs 12:8 - he Proverbs 13:16 - a fool Proverbs 16:27 - An ungodly man Proverbs 18:23 - rich Proverbs 19:1 - perverse Proverbs 25:28 - General Matthew 5:25 - with Luke 10:6 - the Son

Verse 18

made haste: 1 Samuel 25:34, Numbers 16:46-48, Proverbs 6:4, Proverbs 6:5, Matthew 5:25

took two: The Eastern bread is generally both thin and small; and answers to our cakes. Genesis 32:13-20, Genesis 43:11-14, 2 Samuel 17:28, 2 Samuel 17:29, Proverbs 18:16, Proverbs 21:14

two bottles: That is, two goatskins' full.

five sheep: Not one sheep to one hundred men.

clusters: Heb. lumps, Raisins dried in the sun, 2 Samuel 16:1

cakes of figs: Figs cured and then pressed together. Now all this provision was a matter of little worth; and had it been granted in the first instance, it would have perfectly satisfied David, and secured his good offices.

Reciprocal: Judges 1:15 - a blessing Judges 8:5 - loaves Ruth 2:14 - parched 1 Samuel 16:20 - an ass laden 1 Samuel 17:17 - parched corn 1 Samuel 27:3 - with his two 1 Chronicles 12:40 - cakes of figs Proverbs 31:12 - General Luke 12:58 - give

Verse 19

Go: Genesis 32:16, Genesis 32:20

But: Proverbs 31:11, Proverbs 31:12, Proverbs 31:27

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 14:1 - he told not 1 Samuel 25:36 - she told him 2 Kings 4:24 - Drive

Verse 20

rode: 2 Kings 4:24

she came down: David was coming down mount Paran; Abigail was coming down from Carmel.

Verse 21

Surely: 1 Samuel 25:13, Job 30:8, Psalms 37:8, Ephesians 4:26, Ephesians 4:31, 1 Thessalonians 5:15, 1 Peter 2:21-23, 1 Peter 3:9

he hath requited: Genesis 44:4, Psalms 35:12, Psalms 38:20, Psalms 109:3-5, Proverbs 17:13, Jeremiah 18:20, Romans 12:21, 1 Peter 2:20, 1 Peter 3:17

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 25:7 - we hurt 1 Samuel 25:15 - very good 2 Samuel 12:5 - David's 2 Chronicles 18:26 - this fellow Proverbs 15:1 - soft Ecclesiastes 7:9 - hasty Matthew 15:9 - in 1 Corinthians 13:4 - vaunteth not itself

Verse 22

So and more: Nothing can justify this conduct of David, which was rash, unjust, and cruel in the extreme. David himself condemns it, and thanks God for being prevented from executing this evil - 1 Samuel 25:32-34. 1 Samuel 3:17, 1 Samuel 14:44, 1 Samuel 20:13, 1 Samuel 20:16, Ruth 1:17

if I leave: 1 Samuel 25:34

any that pisseth: etc. This seems to have been a proverbial expression among the Israelites; and may with the utmost propriety be read "any male." 1 Kings 14:10, 1 Kings 16:11, 1 Kings 21:21, 2 Kings 9:8

Reciprocal: Leviticus 5:4 - to do evil 1 Samuel 25:37 - had told him 2 Samuel 3:9 - So do God 2 Samuel 12:5 - David's 2 Kings 6:31 - God do so Proverbs 15:1 - grievous Ecclesiastes 7:9 - hasty Matthew 14:9 - the oath's 1 Corinthians 13:4 - vaunteth not itself

Verse 23

lighted: Joshua 15:18, Judges 1:14

fell: 1 Samuel 20:41, 1 Samuel 24:8

Reciprocal: Ruth 2:10 - fell 2 Samuel 1:2 - he fell 2 Samuel 9:6 - he fell 2 Samuel 14:4 - fell on her 1 Kings 1:16 - bowed 1 Chronicles 21:21 - bowed himself

Verse 24

fell: 2 Kings 4:37, Esther 8:3, Matthew 18:29

Upon: 1 Samuel 25:28, Genesis 44:33, Genesis 44:34, 2 Samuel 14:9, Philemon 1:18, Philemon 1:19

let thine: Genesis 44:18, 2 Samuel 14:12

audience: Heb. ears

Reciprocal: Genesis 27:13 - Upon 1 Samuel 24:8 - David stooped 1 Samuel 26:19 - let my lord 2 Samuel 20:17 - Hear the words Proverbs 15:18 - he Proverbs 25:15 - long Proverbs 31:26 - openeth Ecclesiastes 3:7 - and a time to speak Ecclesiastes 10:4 - for

Verse 25

regard: Heb. lay it to his heart, 2 Samuel 13:33, Isaiah 42:25, Malachi 2:2

man of Belial: 1 Samuel 25:17, 1 Samuel 25:26

Nabal: that is, fool

Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 9:27 - look not Deuteronomy 13:13 - the children Judges 19:22 - sons of Belial 1 Samuel 1:16 - a daughter 1 Samuel 30:22 - wicked 2 Samuel 19:19 - take it Psalms 14:1 - fool Psalms 85:8 - folly Proverbs 13:16 - a fool Proverbs 19:1 - perverse Proverbs 30:22 - a fool

Verse 26

as the Lord liveth: 1 Samuel 25:34, 1 Samuel 22:3, 2 Kings 2:2, 2 Kings 4:6

and as thy: 1 Samuel 1:26

the Lord hath: 1 Samuel 25:33, Genesis 20:6

from: Romans 12:19, Romans 12:20

avenging thyself: Heb. saving thyself, Psalms 18:47, Psalms 18:48, Psalms 44:3

now let: 2 Samuel 18:32, Jeremiah 29:22, Daniel 4:19

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 20:3 - but truly 1 Samuel 25:25 - man of Belial 1 Samuel 25:39 - kept his servant 1 Samuel 26:10 - the Lord liveth 2 Samuel 2:27 - As God 2 Samuel 11:11 - as thou livest 2 Samuel 14:19 - As thy soul 2 Samuel 15:21 - As the Lord 1 Kings 17:12 - As the Lord Job 27:2 - God liveth Job 27:7 - General Proverbs 31:12 - General

Verse 27

blessing: or, present, 1 Samuel 30:26, Genesis 33:11, 2 Kings 5:15, 2 Corinthians 9:5

follow: Heb. walk at the feet of, 1 Samuel 25:42, *marg. Judges 4:10, 2 Samuel 16:2

Reciprocal: Genesis 32:13 - a present Genesis 43:11 - carry down Joshua 15:19 - a blessing Judges 1:15 - a blessing 2 Samuel 15:16 - after him Proverbs 18:16 - General Proverbs 31:12 - General Isaiah 36:16 - Make an agreement with me by a present

Verse 28

forgive: 1 Samuel 25:24

the Lord: 1 Samuel 15:28, 2 Samuel 7:11, 2 Samuel 7:16, 2 Samuel 7:27, 1 Kings 9:5, 1 Chronicles 17:10, 1 Chronicles 17:25, Psalms 89:29

fighteth: 1 Samuel 17:47, 1 Samuel 18:17, 2 Samuel 5:2, 2 Chronicles 20:15, Ephesians 6:10, Ephesians 6:11

evil hath: 1 Samuel 24:6, 1 Samuel 24:7, 1 Samuel 24:11, 1 Samuel 24:17, 1 Kings 15:5, Psalms 119:1-3, Matthew 5:16, Luke 23:41, Luke 23:47

Reciprocal: Exodus 1:21 - made them Judges 5:23 - to the help 1 Samuel 2:35 - I will build 1 Samuel 29:3 - found 2 Samuel 23:5 - and sure 1 Kings 2:24 - made me 1 Chronicles 12:18 - thy God 1 Chronicles 22:18 - before the Lord 2 Chronicles 14:13 - his host Psalms 7:4 - without Psalms 17:7 - savest Psalms 75:3 - I bear Psalms 119:121 - I have Lamentations 3:52 - without

Verse 29

bound: The metaphors in this verse are derived from the consideration, that things of value are collected together, and often tied up in bundles, like sheaves of corn, to prevent their being scattered and lost, and that whatever is put into a sling is not intended to be preserved, but to be thrown away. 1 Samuel 2:9, Genesis 15:1, Deuteronomy 33:29, Psalms 66:9, Psalms 116:15, Malachi 3:17, Matthew 10:29, Matthew 10:30

with the Lord: John 10:27-30, John 14:19, John 17:21, John 17:23, Colossians 3:3, Colossians 3:4, 1 Peter 1:5

sling out: Jeremiah 10:18

as out of the middle of a sling: Heb. in the midst of the bow of a sling

Reciprocal: Genesis 44:30 - his life Judges 20:16 - sling stones 1 Samuel 26:20 - let not my 2 Samuel 4:8 - sought 2 Samuel 22:1 - and out 1 Kings 1:36 - the Lord 1 Chronicles 12:18 - thy God Psalms 5:10 - let Psalms 7:4 - without Psalms 17:7 - savest Psalms 21:8 - General Psalms 26:9 - Gather not Psalms 63:9 - seek Psalms 118:13 - General Psalms 124:7 - Our soul Psalms 143:12 - of thy mercy Proverbs 24:12 - that keepeth Lamentations 3:52 - without Matthew 13:30 - and bind Luke 21:18 - General John 6:39 - I should Acts 17:28 - in him

Verse 30

according: 1 Samuel 13:14, 1 Samuel 15:28, 1 Samuel 23:17, Psalms 89:20

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 27:1 - And David 2 Samuel 5:2 - feed 2 Samuel 22:48 - avengeth me

Verse 31

grief: Heb. staggering, or, stumbling, Proverbs 5:12, Proverbs 5:13, Romans 14:21, 2 Corinthians 1:12

avenged: 1 Samuel 25:33, 1 Samuel 24:15, 1 Samuel 26:23, 2 Samuel 22:48, Psalms 94:1, Romans 12:19

remember: 1 Samuel 25:40, Genesis 40:14, Luke 23:42

Reciprocal: Psalms 141:5 - the righteous Proverbs 25:12 - a wise Matthew 5:39 - That

Verse 32

David overlooks the rich and seasonable present of Abigail, though pressed with hunger and wearied with travel; but her advice, which disarmed his rage, and calmed his revenge, draws forth these high and affectionate gratulations. These were his joyful and glorious trophies; not over his enemies, but over himself. Genesis 24:27, Exodus 18:10, Ezra 7:27, Psalms 41:12, Psalms 41:13, Psalms 72:18, Luke 1:68, 2 Corinthians 8:16

Reciprocal: Joshua 22:30 - it pleased them Joshua 22:33 - blessed 1 Samuel 25:22 - So and more 1 Samuel 25:39 - Blessed 2 Samuel 2:5 - Blessed 2 Samuel 20:16 - General Psalms 9:5 - destroyed Psalms 19:13 - Keep Psalms 131:2 - quieted Proverbs 1:5 - a man Proverbs 11:16 - gracious Proverbs 15:23 - how Matthew 14:9 - the oath's 1 Corinthians 12:21 - General

Verse 33

blessed: Psalms 141:5, Proverbs 9:9, Proverbs 17:10, Proverbs 25:12, Proverbs 27:21, Proverbs 28:23

which hast: 1 Samuel 25:26

avenging: 1 Samuel 25:26, 1 Samuel 25:31, 1 Samuel 24:19, 1 Samuel 26:9, 1 Samuel 26:10

Reciprocal: Joshua 22:30 - it pleased them Joshua 22:33 - blessed 1 Samuel 24:7 - suffered 1 Samuel 25:38 - the Lord 2 Samuel 2:5 - Blessed 2 Samuel 20:16 - General Psalms 131:2 - quieted Proverbs 1:5 - a man Proverbs 11:16 - gracious Proverbs 12:3 - the root Proverbs 15:23 - how Proverbs 23:34 - thou Isaiah 33:18 - heart Romans 12:19 - avenge 1 Corinthians 13:4 - vaunteth not itself

Verse 34

kept me back: 1 Samuel 25:26

hasted: 1 Samuel 25:18, 1 Samuel 11:11, Joshua 10:6, Joshua 10:9

there had: 1 Samuel 25:22

Reciprocal: Genesis 20:6 - withheld 1 Samuel 25:37 - had told him 1 Samuel 25:39 - kept his servant 1 Kings 14:10 - him that pisseth 1 Kings 16:11 - he left him 1 Kings 21:21 - him that pisseth Job 27:2 - God liveth 1 Corinthians 13:4 - vaunteth not itself

Verse 35

Go up: 1 Samuel 20:42, 2 Samuel 15:9, 2 Kings 5:19, Luke 7:50, Luke 8:48

accepted: Genesis 19:21, Job 34:19

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 1:17 - Go Job 42:8 - him Proverbs 17:8 - whithersoever Proverbs 21:14 - gift Acts 16:36 - and go

Verse 36

a feast: 2 Samuel 13:23, Esther 1:3-7, Luke 14:12

merry: 2 Samuel 13:28, 1 Kings 20:16, Proverbs 20:1, Proverbs 23:29-35, Ecclesiastes 2:2, Ecclesiastes 2:3, Ecclesiastes 10:19, Isaiah 28:3, Isaiah 28:7, Isaiah 28:8, Jeremiah 51:57, Daniel 5:1-5, Nahum 1:10, Habakkuk 2:15, Habakkuk 2:16, Luke 21:34, Romans 13:13, Ephesians 5:18, 1 Thessalonians 5:7, 1 Thessalonians 5:8

she told him: 1 Samuel 25:19, Psalms 112:5, Matthew 10:16, Ephesians 5:14

Reciprocal: Genesis 21:8 - feast Genesis 38:12 - in process of time Judges 19:6 - let thine heart 1 Samuel 22:15 - less or more 1 Samuel 30:16 - eating 1 Kings 16:9 - drinking 1 Kings 20:12 - drinking Esther 1:10 - the heart Job 15:21 - in prosperity Psalms 73:7 - have Psalms 92:7 - it is that Proverbs 17:19 - he that Proverbs 19:10 - Delight Proverbs 30:22 - a fool Ecclesiastes 7:4 - the heart Isaiah 5:14 - he that rejoiceth Isaiah 21:4 - the night Amos 6:4 - stretch themselves upon their couches Amos 8:10 - I will turn Matthew 24:38 - they Luke 12:20 - God Luke 16:26 - between Luke 17:27 - General Romans 11:9 - their table James 5:5 - have lived

Verse 37

had told him: 1 Samuel 25:22, 1 Samuel 25:34

his heart: Deuteronomy 28:28, Job 15:21, Job 15:22, Proverbs 23:29-35

Reciprocal: Exodus 15:16 - still Joshua 5:1 - neither was 1 Samuel 28:20 - sore afraid Esther 1:10 - the heart Job 34:20 - without Isaiah 19:3 - the spirit Jeremiah 4:9 - that the heart 1 Thessalonians 5:7 - and they

Verse 38

the Lord: 1 Samuel 25:33, 1 Samuel 6:9, Exodus 12:29, 2 Kings 15:5, 2 Kings 19:35, 2 Chronicles 10:15, Acts 12:23

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 26:10 - the Lord liveth 2 Samuel 12:15 - struck the child 2 Chronicles 13:20 - Lord Psalms 37:10 - thou Proverbs 11:29 - that Ecclesiastes 7:17 - why Jeremiah 4:9 - that the heart

Verse 39

Blessed: 1 Samuel 25:32, Judges 5:2, 2 Samuel 22:47-49, Psalms 58:10, Psalms 58:11, Revelation 19:1-4

pleaded: Proverbs 22:23, Lamentations 3:58-60, Micah 7:9

kept his servant: 1 Samuel 25:26, 1 Samuel 25:34, Hosea 2:6, Hosea 2:7, 2 Corinthians 13:7, 1 Thessalonians 5:23, 2 Timothy 4:18

hath returned: 2 Samuel 3:28, 2 Samuel 3:29, 1 Kings 2:44, Esther 7:10, Psalms 7:16

to take her: It is probable that David had heard that Saul, to cut off his pretensions to the throne, had married Michal to Phalti; and this justified him in taking Abigail, it not being then unlawful for a man to have several wives. This conduct of David's corresponds with the manner in which the Oriental princes generally form their matrimonial alliances. "The king of Abyssinia," says Mr. Bruce, "sends an officer to the house where the lady lives, who announces to her that it is the king's pleasure she should remove instantly to the palace. She then dresses herself in the best manner, and immediately obeys. Thenceforward he assigns her an apartment in the palace, and gives her a house elsewhere in any part she chooses." Proverbs 18:22, Proverbs 19:14, Proverbs 31:10, Proverbs 31:30

Reciprocal: Genesis 24:27 - Blessed 1 Chronicles 3:1 - of Abigail Psalms 5:10 - let Psalms 19:13 - Keep Psalms 37:10 - thou Psalms 119:22 - Remove Isaiah 51:22 - pleadeth Romans 7:3 - though

Verse 40

David sent: Genesis 24:37, Genesis 24:38, Genesis 24:51

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 25:31 - remember

Verse 41

thine: Ruth 2:10, Ruth 2:13, Proverbs 15:33, Proverbs 18:12

to wash: Genesis 18:4, John 13:3-5, 1 Timothy 5:10

Reciprocal: Genesis 24:32 - wash Judges 19:21 - they washed Ruth 3:9 - Ruth Luke 1:43 - whence Luke 7:44 - thou John 13:5 - feet

Verse 42

Abigail: Genesis 24:61-67, Psalms 45:10, Psalms 45:11

after her: Heb. at her feet, 1 Samuel 25:27

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 27:3 - with his two 1 Samuel 30:5 - two wives 2 Samuel 2:2 - General 2 Samuel 3:3 - Abigail 2 Samuel 15:16 - after him 1 Chronicles 3:1 - Ahinoam

Verse 43

Jezreel: Joshua 15:56, 2 Samuel 3:2

both: Genesis 2:24, Matthew 19:5, Matthew 19:8

his wives: 1 Samuel 27:3, 1 Samuel 30:5, 2 Samuel 5:13-16

Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 2:2 - General 1 Chronicles 3:1 - Ahinoam

Verse 44

But Saul: Rather, "For Saul," etc., as the particle ו, wav, frequently signifies; this being the cause why David took another wife.

Michal: 1 Samuel 18:20, 1 Samuel 18:27

Phalti: 2 Samuel 3:14, 2 Samuel 3:14, Phaltiel

Gallim: This town appears to have been situated in the tribe of Benjamin, as it is mentioned in Isaiah 10:30, with Michmash, Geba, etc.

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 14:49 - name of the firstborn 2 Samuel 3:15 - Phaltiel 1 Chronicles 15:29 - Michal

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 25". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-samuel-25.html.