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Title, of David = by David.
the servant of the Lord. In the Hebrew text these two words are reversed, and the title stands thus: "Relating to Jehovah's servant, by David ". This is exactly what it is. His prayer and praise in view of Psalms 22:0 (see p. 721, and Isaiah 42:1 , &c), in death and resurrection. Psalms 18:0 is the only other Psalm so entitled.
transgression = rebellion. Hebrew pasha' . App-44 .
the wicked = a lawless one. Hebrew rasha'. App-44 .
saith : declareth, as an oracle. Hebrew na'am. Compare Jeremiah 23:31 = declareth. Figure of speech Prosopopoeia. App-6 .
within my heart = within me; "my heart" being put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of the Part), App-6 , for the whole person: i.e. assureth or convinceth me that, &c. Not seeing the Figure of speech, or the force of the Hebrew na'am, many follow the hypothesis of the Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, and read "his heart".
there is, &c. Quoted in Romans 3:18 .
God. Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 . His relation, as Creator, to His creatures. This lawless one knows not Jehovah; and fears not Elohim.
his eyes. Answering to "his heart" in preceding clause.
iniquity. Hebrew ' a vah.
iniquity. Hebrew. 'aven. App-44 .
mischief. Hebrew. 'aven, as in Psalms 36:3 , "iniquity".
setteth himself = taketh his stand.
evil. Hebrew. ra'a" . App-44 .
mercy = lovingkindness, or grace (as in Psalms 36:7 ).
LORD. Hebrew. Jehovah. App-4 . mountains: i.e. great and mighty.
Thy judgments = And Thy just decrees. The "And" was cancelled by the Massorites (see the Babylonian Talmud Nedarim, 37b-38a). Ginsburg Int. (pp. 307-8).
LORD = Jehovah, because of preservation, which is more than creation. See App-4 .
man. Hebrew. 'adam. App-14 .
lovingkindness. Compare "mercy", Psalms 36:5 .
God. Hebrew. Elohim. ( App-4 .), because of His creatures, the sons of men.
children = sons.
put their trust under = flee for refuge to. Hebrew. hasah. App-69 .
wings. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6 .
river = full stream. Hebrew. nahal. Refers to Paradise.
continue = prolong.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 36". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26