Bible Commentaries
Psalms 30

Bullinger's Companion Bible NotesBullinger's Companion Notes

Verse 1

Title. A Psalm. Hebrew. mizmor. See App-65 .

Song. Hebrew. Shir. The only Shir in the first book. See App-65 .

dedication. Hebrew. hanak. Used of houses in Deuteronomy 20:5 .

of the house of David. Compare 2 Samuel 7:1 , 2 Samuel 7:2 . Not the temple.

lifted me up = as out of a pit.

Verse 3

soul. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .

the grave. Hebrew Sheol. See App-35 .

that I should not go down. So in some codices and one early printed edition; but other codices read "from among" [those who were going down], with Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate.

the pit = a sepulchre. Hebrew. bor. See note on "well" (Genesis 21:19 ).

Verse 4

Sing = Sing praises.

saints = favoured ones: literally men endued with grace. The natural man cannot do this (1 Corinthians 2:14 ).

Verse 5

endureth, &c. Render "For a moment [is] His anger; for a lifetime [is] His favour".

endure = lodge

Verse 6

I shall, &c. Compare Psalms 62:6 .

Verse 7

my mountain: i.e. Zion, which David had but recently taken (2 Samuel 5:7-10 ).

hide Thy face. Probably refers to a sickness which followed.

face. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia. App-6 .

Verse 8

the LORD*. One of the 134 places where "Jehovah" (in the primitive text) was altered to "Adonai". See App-32 . Some codices, with one early printed edition, read "Jehovah". App-4 .

Verse 9

What profit . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .

is there. Supply "[will there be]".

blood = soul. Compare Leviticus 17:11 .

the pit. Hebrew. Shachath = destruction (Psalms 55:23 ; Psalms 103:4 ), or corruption (Psalms 16:10 ; Psalms 49:9 . Jeremiah 2:6 ).

Shall . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 . Compare Psalms 6:5 ; Psalms 88:11 ; Psalms 115:17 ; Psalms 118:17 . Isaiah 38:18 .

Verse 11

turned: denoting the act. See "girded", below.

put off = torn open, or off.

sackcloth. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6 , for the sadness of which it was the sign.

girded: denoting the fact. See "turned", above.

Verse 12

my glory. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Effect), App-6 , for "myself", referring either to the tongue (Psalms 108:1 or powers of mind which give the praise. To the chief Musician. See App-64 . Though written for a special occasion, Psalms 30:0 was handed over to the chief Musician for public use, and in connection with any other dedication.

Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Psalms 30". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.