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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #948 - בּוּץ
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
בּוּץ an unused root, i.q. Arab. بَاضَ Med. Ye, to be white (with an acc. to surpass in whiteness). II. to make white. IX. and XI. to be of a white colour, whence أَبْيَضُ white, bright. [“Cognate are Ch. אֲבַץ, עֲבַץ, בְּעִיץ, stannum, tin, also בּוֹשׁ.” Ges. add.] To this answers the Pers. ويره white, bright; Germ. Engl. weiß, white; higher Germ. bieß. Hence בֵּיצָה an egg, and
בּוּץ m. byssus, and cloth made of byssus, i.e. fine cotton of a bright, white colour (see the etymology and Revelation 19:8, 14, compare the remarks in Thes. p. 190). It was very fine in texture, and most costly, used as the clothing of kings (1 Chronicles 15:27), of priests (2 Chronicles 5:12), and of those who were very rich (Esther 1:6, 8:15 ). The word is of Aramean origin, and it is therefore specially used of the Syrian byssus (Ezekiel 27:16), which appears to be distinguished from the byssus of the Egyptians, called שֵׁשׁ (ibid. verse 7); in other places it does not differ from שֵׁשׁ, and it is used for it in the later Hebrew, 1 Chronicles 4:21; 2 Chronicles 3:14 compare Exodus 26:31. (So ܒܽܘ ܨܳܐ and Ch. בּוּין in the Old and New Test. Heb. שֵׁשׁ and Gr. βύσσος.) See J. R. Forster on the Byssus of the Ancients, Lond. 1776. Celsii Hierob. ii. 167, seq. J. E. Faber on Harmer’s Observatt. ii. 382, seq.
[“After long inquiry and dispute, whether the cloths of byssus were of linen or cotton, recent minute investigations at London, with the aid of the microscope, have decided the controversy, and shewn that the threads are linen. See Wilkinson’s Manners and Cust. of the Anc. Egyptians, iii. p. 115.” Ges. add.]
the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13