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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #7934 - שָׁכֵן
V) nks (סהכנ ShKN) - Dwell: To stay or sit in one location. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (131): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Piel) dwell, abide, remain, inhabit, rest, set, continue, dweller, dwelling, habitation - Strongs: H7931 (שָׁכַן), H7932 (שְׁכַן)
hm) nksm (מסהכנ MShKN) - Dwelling: The place of residence. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (140): tabernacle, dwelling, habitation, dwellingplace, place, dwell, tent - Strongs: H4907 (מִשְׁכַּן), H4908 (מִשְׁכָּן)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שָׁכֵן fut. יִשְׁכֹּן.
(1) to let oneself down, to settle down, e.g. the pillar of fire and cloud, Numbers 9:17, 22 10:12 Exodus 24:16.
(2) to lie down, especially to take rest, used of the lion, Deuteronomy 33:20 of a nation lying in tents, encamped, Numbers 24:2 of clouds overshadowing any day, followed by עַל Job 3:5. Hence to rest, Judges 5:17; Proverbs 7:11, בְּבֵיתָהּ לֹא יִשְׁכְּנוּ רַגְלֶיהָ “her feet rest not in her house.”
(3) to dwell, to abide (Arab. سكن id.), followed by בְּ of place, Genesis 9:27, 14:13 26:2 Judges 8:11 followed by an acc. of place, Isaiah 33:16; Psalms 68:7. Of frequent occurrence is the phrase שָׁכַן אֶרֶץ to dwell in, or inhabit the land, to possess it quietly, Proverbs 2:21, 10:30 Psalms 37:29 and without אֶרֶץ Ps. 102:29 (compare a similar ellipsis, Isaiah 57:15, “God, שֹׁכֵן עַד who inhabits (the heavens) for ever”); 2 Samuel 7:10, וְשָׁכַן תַּחְתָּיו “and (the people) shall inhabit in their own place;” Deuteronomy 33:16, שֹׁכְנִי סְנֶה “the dweller in the bush,” i.e. Jehovah, compare Exodus 3:2. With a dative pleon. Psalms 120:6, שָֽׁכְנָה לָהּ “to dwell for oneself.”-Part. pass. שָׁכוּן act. dwelling, like the French logé, Judges 8:11.-Once metaph. to dwell in any thing is used for to be familiar with it (see סָכַן and Arab. سكن to be familiar), Proverbs 8:12, “I, wisdom, עָרְמָה שָׁכַנְתִּי dwell in prudence,” am altogether acquainted with her.
(4) pass. to be inhabited, as a place, i.q. יָשַׁב No. 4, Jeremiah 50:39, 33:16 46:26 Isaiah 13:20 used of a tent which is pitched, Joshua 22:19.
Piel, to cause to dwell, Jeremiah 7:7; Numbers 14:30. Jehovah is sometimes said שִׁכֵּן שְׁמוֹ i.e. to fix his abode any where [cause his name to dwell], Deuteronomy 12:11, 14:23 16:6, 11 Deuteronomy 16:11, 26:2, i.q. שׂוּם שְׁמוֹ under שׂוּם No. 1, f. Hence may be explained Psalms 78:60, אֹהֶל שִׁכֵּוֹ בָּאָדָם “the tent (in which) he caused (his name) to dwell amongst men,” unless it be preferred “the tent which he placed amongst men,” compare Joshua 18:1, 22:19. Also from this phrase is taken the Talmudic שְׁכִינָה “presence of God.”
Hiphil, to cause any one to dwell, Genesis 3:24; Job 11:14 to place a tent, Joshua 18:1 (compare Kal, Joshua 22:19); Psalms 7:6, כְּבוֹדִי לֶעָפָר יַשְׁכֵּן “let him make me (my honour) to dwell in the dust,” prostrate me on the dust.
Derivatives, שָׁכֵן-שְׁכַנְיָהוּ, מִשְׁכָּן.
the Fifth Week after Easter