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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #7666 - שָׁבַר

denominative from (H7668)
Parts of Speech
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1) to buy or purchase grain

1a) (Qal) to buy grain

1b) (Hiphil) to sell grain

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 59 ‑ ἀγοράζω (ag‑or‑ad'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (21)
Genesis 14
Deuteronomy 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 2
Amos 2
NAS (23)
Genesis 16
Deuteronomy 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 2
Amos 2
HCS (21)
Genesis 14
Deuteronomy 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 2
Amos 2
BSB (21)
Genesis 14
Deuteronomy 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 2
Amos 2
ESV (21)
Genesis 14
Deuteronomy 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 2
Amos 2
WEB (21)
Genesis 14
Deuteronomy 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 2
Amos 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2811) rbs (סהבר ShBR) AC: Burst CO: Grain AB: ?: The grain is placed on the threshing floor or in the millstone and crushed to burst out the seeds from the hulls. [from: rp]

V) rbs (סהבר ShBR) - I. Burst:To burst out or through. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Exchange:To buy or sell produce, usually grain. [denominative of the noun meaning grain] KJV (172): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Piel, Participle) break, destroy, hurt, tear, birth, crush, quench, buy, sell - Strongs: H7665 (שָׁבַר), H7666 (שָׁבַר), H8406 (תְּבַר)

Nm) rbs (סהבר ShBR) - I. Shattering: II. Grain:As being burst open on the threshing floor or in the millstone. KJV (53): destruction, breach, hurt, breaking, affliction, bruise, crashing, interpretation, vexation, corn, victuals - Strongs: H7667 (שֵׁבֶר), H7668 (שֶׁבֶר)

am) rbsm (מסהבר MShBR) - Birth canal: The place of bursting through. KJV (3): birth, breaking - Strongs: H4866 (מַשְׁבֵּר)

hm) rbsm (מסהבר MShBR) - Breaker: Large waves of the sea that burst onto the shore. KJV (5): waves, billows - Strongs: H4867 (מִשְׁבָּר)

ejm) nfrbis (סהיברונ ShYBRWN) - Bursting: KJV (2): destruction, breaking - Strongs: H7670 (שִׁבָּרוֹן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [שָׁבַר] verb denominative buy grain; —

Qal Imperfect 2 masculine plural תִּשְׁבְּרוּ Deuteronomy 2:6,1plural נִשְׁבְּרָה Genesis 43:4; Imperative masculine plural שִׁבְרוּ Genesis 42:2 +; Infinitive construct לִשְׁבֹּר Genesis 42:3 +, לִשְׁבָּרֿ Genesis 42:7 +; Participle masculine plural שֹׁבְרִים Genesis 47:14; — buy grain for food Genesis 41:57 ( Genesis 41:56 see Hiph`il), Genesis 42:2 (שֶׁבֶר in v a), Genesis 42:5; with accusative אֹכֶל Genesis 42:7; Genesis 42:10; Genesis 43:2,4,20; Genesis 40:22; Genesis 44:25; Deuteronomy 2:6 (מִן person); with accusative בָּר Genesis 42:3, שֶׁבֶר Genesis 47:14; figurative Isaiah 55:1, with accusative יַיִן וְחָלָב Isaiah 55:1.

Hiph`il Imperfect 1 plural נַשְׁבִּיר Amos 8:6, etc.; Participle מַשְׁבִּיר Genesis 42:6; Proverbs 11:26; — sell grain (properly cause to buy grain), with ל person Genesis 42:6 + Genesis 42:56 (read וַיַּשְׁבֵּר for ᵑ0וַיִּשְׁבֹּר Ol Di Gunk), with accusative שֶׁבֶר Amos 8:5, מַמַּל בָּר vAmos 8:6, compare Proverbs 11:26; with suffix person + accusative אֹכֶל + ב pret. Deuteronomy 2:28.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁבַר fut. יִשְׁבֹּר

(1)  to break, to break to pieces (Aram. and Arab. תְּבַּר, تبر id.; comp. פָּרַר), Genesis 19:9; Jeremiah 2:20, 19:10 Isaiah 42:3; Amos 1:5 used of ships broken by the wind, Ezekiel 27:26. Part. שָׁבוּר broken, i.e. having a member broken, Levit. 22:22. See several phrases under the words זְרוֹעַ, מַטֶּה, קֶשֶׁת. Pregn., Hosea 2:20, וְקֶשֶׁת וְחרֶב וּמִלְחָמָה אֶשְׁבֹּר מִן־הָאָרֶץ “and the bow, and sword, and weapons of war I will break (and cast) out of the land.” Metaph.

(a) to break (quench) thirst, Psalms 104:11.

(b) to break any one’s mind, i.e. to affect with sadness, Psalms 69:21, 147:3.

(2) to tear any one, as a wild beast, 1 Kings 13:26, 28 1 Kings 13:28.

(3) to break down, to destroy, Daniel 11:26; Ezekiel 30:21 See Niphal No. 3, and שֶׁבֶר.

(4) to measure off, to define (from the idea of cutting; compare גָּזַר). Job 38:10, וָאֶשְׁבֹּר עָלָיו חֻקִּי “when I set a boundary to it” (the sea).

(5) denom. from שֶׁבֶר No. 5.

(a) to buy corn, with the addition of שֶׁבֶר Genesis 47:14 בַּר Genesis 42:3 and absol. Genesis 42:5; Isaiah 55:1 (where it is also applied to wine and milk).

(b) to sell corn, Genesis 41:56 compare Hiphil No. 2.

Niphal, pass.

(1) to be broken, Isaiah 14:29 used of ships which are wrecked, Ezekiel 27:34; Jonah 1:4 also to break one’s limbs, Isaiah 8:15, 28:13. Metaph. of a mind broken, i.e. afflicted, sad, Psalms 34:19; Isaiah 61:1 contrite with penitence, Psalms 51:19. It once appears to be put transitively for Kal, to break any one’s mind, or heart, Ezekiel 6:9.

(2) to be torn to pieces, Psalms 124:7. Used of cattle hurt or wounded, Exodus 22:9, 13 Exodus 22:13; Ezekiel 34:4, 16 Ezekiel 34:16; Zechariah 11:16, הַנִּשְׁבָּרָה “wounded cattle.”

(3) to be broken down (as an army), Daniel 11:22; 2 Chronicles 14:12 to be destroyed, to perish (as a kingdom, a city, a people), Isaiah 8:15, 24:10 28:13 Jeremiah 48:4; Daniel 8:25, 11:4 Ezekiel 30:8.

Piel שִׁבַּר i.q. Kal, but stronger, to break altogether, thoroughly, to break in pieces, as any one’s teeth, Psalms 3:8 statues, altars, 2 Kings 18:4, 23:14 ships, Psalms 48:8.


(1) to cause to break through (the womb), i.e. that the child shall appear, Isaiah 66:9, הַאֲנִי אַשְׁבִּיר וְלֹא אוֹלִיד “shall I cause to break open (the womb), and not cause to bring forth?” Compare Hosea 13:13; Isaiah 37:3 and n. מַשְׁבֵּר.

(2) denom. from שֶׁבֶר to sell corn, Genesis 42:6; Amos 8:5,.

Hophal, to be broken (of the mind), Jeremiah 8:21.

Derivatives, שֶׁבֶר, שִׁבָּוֹן, מִשְׁבָּר, מַשְׁבֵּר.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
הַמַּשְׁבִּ֖יר המשביר וְנִשְׁבְּרָ֥ה וְנַשְׁבִּ֣ירָה וְשִׁבְרוּ־ וַיִּשְׁבֹּ֣ר וישבר ונשבירה ונשברה ושברו־ לִשְׁבָּר־ לִשְׁבֹּ֖ר לִשְׁבֹּ֥ר לשבר לשבר־ מַשְׁבִּֽיר׃ משביר׃ נַשְׁבִּֽיר׃ נשביר׃ שִׁבְר֗וּ שִׁבְרוּ֙ שִׁבְרוּ־ שֹׁבְרִ֑ים שברו שברו־ שברים תִּשְׁבְּר֧וּ תַּשְׁבִּרֵ֙נִי֙ תשברו תשברני ham·maš·bîr hammašbîr hammashBir liš·bār- liš·bōr lišbār- lišbōr lishBor maš·bîr mašbîr mashBir naš·bîr našbîr nashBir shivru shoeRim šiḇ·rū šiḇ·rū- šiḇrū šiḇrū- šō·ḇə·rîm šōḇərîm taš·bi·rê·nî tašbirênî tashbiReni tiš·bə·rū tišbərū tishbeRu vaiyishBor venashBirah venishbeRah veshivru way·yiš·bōr wayyišbōr wə·naš·bî·rāh wə·niš·bə·rāh wə·šiḇ·rū- wənašbîrāh wənišbərāh wəšiḇrū-
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