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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #7188 - קָשַׁח

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to make hard, treat hardly, treat severely

1a) (Hiphil)

1a1) to make hard, make stubborn

1a2) to treat hardly, treat roughly

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4645 ‑ σκληρύνω (sklay‑roo'‑no);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Job 1
Isaiah 1
NAS (3)
Job 2
Isaiah 1
HCS (2)
Job 1
Isaiah 1
BSB (2)
Job 1
Isaiah 1
ESV (2)
Job 1
Isaiah 1
WEB (2)
Job 1
Isaiah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2738) hsq (קסההה QShHh) AC: Harden CO: ? AB: ?: A hardening of the heart toward another. [from: sq]

V) hsq (קסההה QShHh) - Harden: KJV (2): (vf: Hiphil) harden - Strongs: H7188 (קָשַׁח)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [קָשַׁח] verb Hiph`il 1. make hard.

2 treat hardly (Arabic be hard, firm, tough; Sabean קסח hardness, severity, cruelty, SabDenkm37); —

1 make hard, stubborn, Imperfect 2 masculine singular תַּקְשִׁיחַ (subject ׳י), with accusative לֵב Isaiah 63:17 (+ מִיִּרְאָתֶ֑ךָ).

2 treat hardly, roughly (of ostrich), Perfect 3 masculine singular הִקְשִׁיחַ Job 39:16 (with accusative בָּנֶיהָ; read 3 feminine singular הִקְשִׁיחָה Hi Siegf Du); < (Di) Infinitive absolute (Ges§ 113 z) הַקְשֵׁיח Ew, or Imperfect 3 feminine singular תַּקְשִׁיח Hirz Bae Kau Bu.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

קָשַׁח Arab. قسح i.q. קָשָׁה to be hard, comp. under the verb קָלַח. In Kal not used.


(1) to harden the heart, Isaiah 63:17.

(2) to regard, or treat harshly, Job 39:16.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
הִקְשִׁ֣יחַ הקשיח תַּקְשִׁ֥יחַ תקשיח hikShiach hiq·šî·aḥ hiqšîaḥ takShiach taq·šî·aḥ taqšîaḥ
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