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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6779 - צָמַח
1) to sprout, spring up, grow up
1a1) to sprout, spring up
1a1a) of plants
1a1b) of hair
1a1c) of speech (figuratively)
1b) (Piel) to grow abundantly or thickly
1c1) to cause to grow
1c2) to cause to sprout
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular צָֽמַחבּֿוֺ Leviticus 13:37; 3 plural וְצָֽמְחוּ consecutive Isaiah 44:4; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִצְמַח Job 5:6,3feminine plural תִּצְמַחְנָה Isaiah 42:9, etc.; Participle צֹמֵחַ Exodus 10:5, צוֺמֵחַ Ecclesiastes 2:6; feminine plural צֹמְחוֺת Genesis 41:6,23; — sprout, spring up:
1 of plants, trees, etc. Genesis 2:5; Exodus 10:5 (both J), Genesis 41:6,23 (E), Ezekiel 17:6 (in figurative); once (late) יַעַרצוֺמֵחַ עֵצִים Ecclesiastes 2:6 wood sprouting with trees (full of growing trees); figurative of future ruler (see צֶמַח) Zechariah 6:12, posterity Isaiah 44:4, compare Job 8:19, trouble(עָמָל) Isaiah 5:6,truth (אֱמֶת) Psalm 85:12, restoration (אֲרֻכָֽתְךָ) Isaiah 58:8, future events Isaiah 42:9.
2 of hair Leviticus 13:37 (P; compare Pi`el).
Pi`el grow abunduntly, always of hair; — Perfect 3 masculine singular צִמֵּחַ Ezekiel 16:7 (in figurative): Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִצַמַּח 2 Samuel 10:5 = 1 Chronicles 19:5 (of beard); Infinitive construct לְצַמֵּחַ Judges 16:22 (Samson's hair).
Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular suffix וְהִצְמִיחָהּ Isaiah 55:10 Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַצְמִיחַ 2 Samuel 23:5; Isaiah 61: וַיַּצְמַח Genesis 2:9, etc.; Infinitive construct לְהַצְמִיחַ Job 38:27; Participle מַצְמִיחַ Psalm 104:14; Psalm 147:8; —
1 cause to grow, with accusative of plant, subject ׳י Genesis 2:9; Psalm 104:14, compare Job 38:27, with 2accusative Psalm 147:8 who causeth mountains to sprout grass; figurative, object צֶמַח צְדָקָה Jeremiah 33:15; horn (קֶרֶן) of Israel Ezekiel 29:21, of David Psalm 132:17; righteousness, etc. Isaiah 61:11 b; compare also 2 Samuel 23:5 (if interrogative, see Dr Bu; otherwise HPS); subject ground Genesis 3:18 compare Isaiah 61:11 a (simile), Deuteronomy 29:22 (object omitted); also (figurative) Isaiah 45:8 (compare Di Kit).
2 of rain, cause the earth to sprout (absolute), Isaiah 55:10.
צָמַח to sprout forth, used of plants, Genesis 2:5, 41:6 of hairs, Leviticus 13:37. Transitively, Ecclesiastes 2:6, יַעַר צוֹמֵחַ עֵצִים “the wood sprouting forth,” i.e. producing trees. Metaph. used of the first beginnings of things which occur in the world, Isaiah 42:9, 43:19 58:8. (The primary idea appears to be that of shining forth, compare Syr. ܨܡܰܚ to shine, Arab. طمح id).
Piel, i.q. Kal (used of the hairs and beard), Ezekiel 16:7; Judges 16:22.
Hiphil, to cause to sprout forth (plants from the earth), Genesis 2:9 followed by two acc., to make to sprout forth, as grass on the earth, Psalms 147:8. Metaph. הִצְמִיחַ צְדָקָה to cause deliverance [rather, righteousness] to exist, or spring up, Isaiah 45:8, 61:11. Whence