Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, April 23rd, 2024
the Fourth Week after Easter
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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #6757 - צַלְמָוֶת

Root Word (Etymology)
from (H6738) and (H4194)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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1) death-shadow, deep shadow, deep darkness, shadow of death

1a) death-shadow

1b) death-shadow, deep shadow, darkness

1c) death-shadow (of distress, extreme danger) (figuratively)

1d) death-shadow (of place of the dead) (figuratively)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 86 ‑ ᾅδης (hah'‑dace);  175 ‑ ἄκαρπος (ak'‑ar‑pos);  2288 ‑ θάνατος (than'‑at‑os);  4639 ‑ σκιά (skee'‑ah);  4655 ‑ σκότος (skot'‑os);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (18)
Job 10
Psalms 4
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Amos 1
NAS (35)
Job 20
Psalms 8
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 4
Amos 2
HCS (18)
Job 10
Psalms 4
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Amos 1
BSB (18)
Job 10
Psalms 4
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Amos 1
ESV (18)
Job 10
Psalms 4
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Amos 1
WEB (18)
Job 10
Psalms 4
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Amos 1
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 צַלְמָ֫וֶת noun [masculine] death-shadow, deep shadow, in poetry (probably = צֵל + מָוֶת, ᵐ5. (usually) σκιὰ θανάτου, compare ᵑ6ᵑ9, so Thes Schw Leben n. d. Tode, 194, see especially Nö ZAW xvii (1897), 183ff.; Ew Br and most modern (after older commentaries) read צַלְמוּת darkness, deep darkness, compare Arabic IV, Assyrian [ƒalâmu], Ethiopic be black, dark); ** compare darkness; We Kl. Proph. ed. 3,81 would read feminine plural צְלָמוֺת, like Qor 2:16; 2:18; and frequently. — death-shadow, often "" חשֶׁךְ, לַיְלָה etc., and opposed to בֹּקֶר, אוֺר.

1 = deep shadow, darkness (compare הַרְרֵי אֵל, אַרְזֵי אֵל): Amos 5:8; Job 3:5; Job 12:22; Job 24:17a Job 28:3; Job 34:22; of eyes heavy with weeping Job 16:16; ׳בַּלְהוֺת צ Job 24:17b terrors of the darkness.

2 figurative

a. of distress Jeremiah 13:16; Psalm 107:10; Psalm 107:14; ׳אֶרֶץ צ Isaiah 9:1.

b. of extreme danger Jeremiah 2:6; Psalm 23:4; Psalm 44:20.

3 characterizing world of the dead, ׳אֶרֶץ חשֶׁךְ וצ Job 10:21, ׳כְּמוֺ אֹפֶל צ Job 10:22 (text dubious, see Bu Du); ׳וְשַׁעֲרֵי צ Job 38:17 (ᵐ5 πυλωροὶ δὲ ᾅδου; "" שַׁעֲרֵימָֿ֑וֶת).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

צַלְמָוֶת f. pr. shadow of death (comp. of צֵל shadow, and מָוֶת death), poet. for very thick darkness, Job 3:5, 10:21 28:3 34:22 38:17, שַׁעֲרֵי צַלְמָוֶת “the gates of darkness.”

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List of Word Forms
בְצַלְמָֽוֶת׃ בצלמות׃ וְ֭צַלְמָוֶת וְצַלְמָ֑וֶת וְצַלְמָ֔וֶת וְצַלְמָֽוֶת׃ וצלמות וצלמות׃ לְצַלְמָ֔וֶת לצלמות צַ֭לְמָוֶת צַלְמָ֑וֶת צַלְמָ֔וֶת צַלְמָ֡וֶת צַלְמָ֣וֶת צַלְמָֽוֶת׃ צלמות צלמות׃ ḇə·ṣal·mā·weṯ ḇəṣalmāweṯ lə·ṣal·mā·weṯ ləṣalmāweṯ letzalMavet ṣal·mā·weṯ ṣalmāweṯ Tzalmavet Vetzalmavet wə·ṣal·mā·weṯ wəṣalmāweṯ
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