the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6435 - פֶּן
1) lest, not, beware lest (conjunction)
2) lest (adverb)
V) enp (פנה PNH) - Turn: To turn the face or to turn directions. Also to turn something back or away. KJV (135): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal, Piel) turn, look, prepare, regard, respect, look - Strongs: H6437 (פָּנָה)
Nm) enp (פנה PNH) - Face: The face, also the presence of one through the sense of being in the face of. [Always written in the plural form, minp; Frequently used with the prefix "l ", meaning "to" or "for", meaning "to the face of" or "before"] KJV (2110): face, presence, because, sight, countenance, from, person, upon, of, against, open, for, toward - Strongs: H3942 (לִפְנַי), H6440 (פָּנֶה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
conjunction (averting, or deprecating), lest (origin dubious: Thes Kö ii. 334 from מָּנָה, properly substantive construct in accusative for the aversion of; but פָנָה is intransitive: Nö M. 474 compares the enclitic particle מּוֺן in ᵑ7, then ἄν, 'etwa,' thinking that a particle with the meaning 'es möchte etwa,' spoken in a tone of alarm, might readily acquire a deprecatory force); — lest:
1 with imperfect Genesis 3:3 ye shall not eat thereof . . . מֶּןתְּֿמֻתוּן lest ye die, Genesis 11:4 let us build a city מֶּןנָֿפוּץ lest we be scattered, Genesis 19:15,17,19; Genesis 38:23; Genesis 45: Exodus 1:10; Exodus 23:29; Exodus 23:33 etc., 2 Kings 10:23 (followed by יֵשׁ), Isaiah 6:10; Isaiah 27:3; Isaiah 28:22; Isaiah 48:5,7; Psalm 2:12; Psalm 7:3 etc.; often after הִשָׁמֶרלְֿךָ take heed to thyself Genesis 24:6; Genesis 31:24, and especially in Deuteronomy , as Deuteronomy 4:9,23; Deuteronomy 6:12; Deuteronomy 8:11 and elsewhere; after a verb of fearing Genesis 32:12, and once, even, of swearing Judges 15:12; deprecating pathetically, Genesis 44:34 how shall I go up, etc.? lest I look upon the evil that will befal my father. Once, unusually, preceding the principal clause, Proverbs 5:6 אֹרַח חַיִּים מֶּןתְּֿפַלֵּס lest she should make level the path of life, her ways are unstable, etc. (Ew Be Now; see also Toy). Note especially
a. the idiomכִּי אָמַר (אָמַרְתִּי) מֶּןֿ for he ( I) said, Lest..., implying always that some precaution has been taken to avert the dreaded contingency, Genesis 26:9 for I said, Lest I die on account of her (to obviate which, Isaac had called Rebecca his sister), Genesis 31:31; Genesis 38:11; Genesis 42:4; Exodus 13:17; Numbers 16:34; 1 Samuel 13:19; 1 Samuel 27:11 (לֵאמֹר), Psalm 38:17; with כי אמר implied Genesis 26:7; compare, with an aposiop., Genesis 3:22 and now, lest he put forth his hand, etc. (implying that measures are taken to prevent this, see Genesis 3:23): compare Tobit 8:9.
b.מֶּןֿ at the beginning of a sentence, with a dissuasive force, (Beware) lest: + Isaiah 36:18 מֶּןיַֿסִּיתאֶתְכֶם חזקיהו (beware) lest Hezekiah deceive you, Deuteronomy 29:17 (twice in verse) (followed by יֵשׁ), Jeremiah 51:46; Job 32:13; Job 36:18.
2 with Perfect, the result feared being conceived as having possibly already taken place; 2 Samuel 20:6 pursue after him, מֶּןמָֿצָא לוֺ ֗֗֗ וְהִצִּיל lest he have found him fenced cities, etc. (but the tense of והציל makes יִמְצָא probably, Dr sm Bu Kö iii. 486), 2 Kings 2:16 ׳וַיַּשְׁלִכֵהוּ וגו׳מֶּןנְֿשָׂאוֺ רוּחַ י.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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