the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #5553 - סֶלַע
1) crag, cliff, rock
1a) crag, cliff
1b) as stronghold of Jehovah, of security (figuratively)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 literally cliff, crag Judges 6:20; Isaiah 2:21; Isaiah 7:19; Amos 6:12; Numbers 20:8 (twice in verse); Numbers 20:10 (twice in verse); Numbers 20:11(compare Nehemiah 9:15; Psalm 78:16, and contrast the צוּר of Exodus 17:6), Numbers 24:21; Deuteronomy 32:13 (not elsewhere Hexateuch), + 10t.; ׳שֵׁן הַסּ 1 Samuel 14:4 (twice in verse) tooth of the crag, i.e. sharp crag, so Job 39:28; excavated in cliff as place of burial Isaiah 22:16; abode of wild animals, ׳יַעֲלֵיסֿ Isaiah 22:1, compare Psalm 104:18; Proverbs 30:26, of birds Job 39:28; Song of Solomon 2:14 (in figurative), compare Jeremiah 48:28, so of Edom Obadiah 3 = Jeremiah 49:16; compare ( Numbers 24:21 above and) Isaiah 42:11; particular cliffs are: עֵיטָם׳ס Judges 15:8,11compare Judges 15:13, (הָ)רִמּוֺן׳ס Judges 20:45,47 (twice in verse); Judges 21:13 הַמַּחְלְקוֺת׳ס 1 Samuel 23:28 compare 1 Samuel 23:25; see also II.סֶלַע.
2 figurative, especially סַלְעִי of ׳י (only Psalm), Psalm 18:3 = 2 Samuel 22:2; Psalm 31:4; Psalm 42:10; Psalm 71:3; of Assyrian god Isaiah 31:9 (probably; compare צוּר Deuteronomy 32:31,37); כָּבֵד׳צֵל ס Isaiah 32:2 (simile of protecting care); figurative of security Psalm 40:3 (feet on cliff), מְצָדוֺת סְלָעִים מִשְׂגַּבּוֺ Isaiah 33:16; symbol of obstinacy ׳חִזְּקוּ פְנֵיהֶם מִסּ Jeremiah 5:3; ׳צְחִיחַ ס ( bare cliff, literally glare of [ the] cliff), in figure of openness, flagrancy Ezekiel 24:7,8, of razed city Ezekiel 26:4,14 (only here Ezekiel); in figure of fall of Babylonian Jeremiah 51:25.
(1) a rock, Judges 15:8, 11 Judges 15:11; 1 Samuel 23:25, etc. Metaph. God is called any one’s rock, i.e. his refuge, where he is safe from foes, Psalms 18:3, 31:4 42:10.
(2) [Selah, Sela], pr.n. Petra, the chief city of the Edomites, situated between the Dead Sea and the Ælanitic gulf, in a valley surrounded with lofty rocks, so that a very great part of the abodes were excavated in the rock. It is written with the art. הַסֶּלַע Judges 1:36; 2 Kings 14:7 poet. without it, Isaiah 16:1. See Relandi Palæstina, p. 926-951. The ruins of the ancient city still exist, called وادى موسى (the valley of Moses); see my Comm. on Isaiah, loc. cit., and Burckhardt’s Travels in Syria, etc. p. 703, seq. ed. Germ.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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