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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #5001 - נָאַם
1) to prophesy, utter a prophecy, speak as prophet, say
1a) (Qal) to utter a prophecy, speak as prophet
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Imperfect 3 masculine plural וַיִּנְאֲמוּנְאֻם Jeremiah 23:31 and they uttered (in the prophetic manner), it as an utterance (of ׳י); they used the prophetic formula (compare ׳אֹמְרִים נְאֻם י Ezekiel 13:6,7).
נָאַם i.q. Arab. نَأَمَ to mutter, to murmur, to speak in a low voice; (compare נָהַם, הָמָה, Gr. μύω), specially used of the voice of God, by which oracles were revealed to the prophets. By far the most frequent use is of the part. pass. constr. in this phrase, נְאֻם יְהֹוָה, נְאֻם יְיָ צְבָאוֹת “the voice of Jehovah (is);” or (so) hath Jehovah revealed. This the prophets themselves were accustomed either to insert in the discourse, like the Lat. ait, inquit Dominus, Amos 6:8, 14 9:12, 13, or to add at the end of a sentence, Amos 2:11, 16 3:10, 13, 15 4:3,, -811, and so very frequently in Ezek. (5:11 12:25 13:8, 16 Ezekiel 13:16, 14:11, 14 Ezekiel 14:14, 16 Ezekiel 14:16, 18 Ezekiel 14:18, 20 Ezekiel 14:20, 15:8 16:8, 14 Ezekiel 16:14, 19 Ezekiel 16:19), and in Jer., rather less frequently in Isaiah (3:15 14:22 17:3, Isaiah 17:6, 19:4 22:25 31:9 37:34 ); see as to this and similar expressions, Kleinert üb. die Echtheit der Jes. Weissagungen, vol. i. p. 246. Rarely is it used of mere mortals, Numbers 24:3, נְאֻם בִּלְעָם “the utterance of Balaam;” verse 15 Numbers 24:15 and even of poets [but “who spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost”], 2 Samuel 23:1; Proverbs 30:1; Psalms 36:2, נְאֻם פֶּשַׁע “an utterance (song) concerning wickedness.” [Once used in fut. Jeremiah 23:31, וַיִּנְאֲמוּ “and they utter oracles.”]
[נְאֻם given as a noun in Thes. (of the form גְּבוּל), found once in the absolute state, Jerem. 23:31, see above נָאַם.]