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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #2963 - טָרַף

Transliteration
ṭâraph
Phonetics
taw-raf'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
827
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טֶרֶם
 
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טֶרֶף
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to tear, rend, pluck

1a) (Qal) to tear, rend

1b) (Niphal) to be torn in pieces

1c) (Poal) to be torn in pieces

1d) (Hiphil) to provide food

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 727 ‑ ἅρπαξ (har'‑pax);  2339 ‑ θήρα (thay'‑rah);  2595 ‑ κάρφος (kar'‑fos);  4937 ‑ συντρίβω (soon‑tree'‑bo);  4929 ‑ συντάσσω (soon‑tas'‑so);  2340 ‑ θηρεύω (thay‑ryoo'‑o);  726 ‑ ἁρπάζω (har‑pad'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (24)
Genesis 5
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Micah 1
Nahum 1
NAS (27)
Genesis 6
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Micah 1
Nahum 1
HCS (23)
Genesis 3
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Micah 1
Nahum 1
BSB (25)
Genesis 5
Exodus 2
Deuteronomy 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Micah 1
Nahum 1
ESV (21)
Genesis 5
Deuteronomy 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Micah 1
WEB (24)
Genesis 5
Exodus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 4
Hosea 2
Amos 1
Micah 1
Nahum 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2245) pru (תהרפ ThRP) AC: Tear CO: Prey AB: ?: The prey that is torn to pieces by the predator. [from: ry- fresh]

V) pru (תהרפ ThRP) - T (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) |kjv: tear, ravening, catch, feed, rent, prey - Strongs: H2963 (טָרַף)

Nm ) pru (תהרפ ThRP) - I. Prey:The meat that is torn by the predator. II. Plucked:As the predator plucks the prey. KJV (24): prey, meat, leaves, spoil - Strongs: H2964 (טֶרֶף), H2965 (טָרָף)

Nf1) epru (תהרפה ThRPH) - Torn: Flesh that is torn. KJV (9): torn, ravin - Strongs: H2966 (טְרֵפָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 טָרַף verb tear, rend, pluck (Late Hebrew id., especially of wild beasts; Aramaic טָרַף tear, seize, especially of creditors; טְרֵיפָא torn flesh or animal; Arabic depasture, said of camel) —

Qal Perfect טָרַף Job 16:9; טָרָ֑ף Hosea 6:1, etc.; Imperfect יִטְרֹף Psalm 7:3; וַיִּטְרֹף Amos 1:11 (but see below); יִטְרָ֑ף Genesis 49:27; אֶטְרֹף Hosea 5:14; Psalm 50:22; Infinitive לִטְרֹף Psalm 17:12; Participle active טֹרֵף Job 18:4, etc.; — tear rend, of wild beasts, Genesis 37:33 (J), Genesis 44:28 (J; infinitive absolute with Punic q. v. ), Exodus 22:12 (J E; infinitive absolute with

Niph`al q. v.) Elsewhere only in simile and metaphor; simile of Gad's fierceness Deuteronomy 33:20 (like a lioness, poem); so of Benjamin Genesis 49:27 (as a wolf, poem); of the remnant of Jacob, like a young lion among sheep, רָמַס וְטָרַף Micah 5:7; of the wicked, Psalm 17:12 (lion), Psalm 7:3 object נַפְשִׁי (like a lion); Psalm 22:14 psalmist's foes like lion ("" שֹׁאֵג); Ezekiel 22:25 (טֹרֵף טָ֑רֶף), princes like wolves Ezekiel 22:27 ( id.); metaphor of Israel's princes, like young lion Ezekiel 19:3,6 (with טֶרֶף accusative of congnate meaning with verb); of Nineveh's king Nahum 2:13 (as lion); of God's treatment of the wicked Hosea 5:14 (like a lion), Psalm 50:22; subject wrath of God (אַף) conceived as assailing Job , Job 16:9 his wrath teareth and persecuteth me; compare טָרָ֖ף וְיִרְמָּאֵנוּ Hosea 6:1 subject ׳י ("" יַךְ וְיַחְבְּשֵׁנוּ; on tenses see Dr§ 84 β; 171,174n. 1); subject anger of Edom (absolute) Amos 1:11, but read perhaps וַיִּטֹּר for וַיִּטְרֹף and he kept his anger perpetually, so Ol on Psalm 103:9 We; טֹרֵף נַפְשׁוֺ בְּאַמּוֺ, said of Job by Bildad Job 18:4.

Niph`al Imperfect of animal torn (by wild beasts) טָרֹף יִטָּרֵף Exodus 22:12 (JE); יִטָּרֵף also in prediction of judgment on people of Jerusalem Jeremiah 5:6.

Pu`al Perfect טָרֹף טֹרַף יוֺסֵף Genesis 37:33 (J) Joseph has certainly been torn in pieces; compare טֹרָ֑ף׳ט Genesis 44:28 (J).

Hiph`il Imperative masculine singular suffix, note especially 2nd accusative לֶחֶם, הַטְרִפֵנִי לָחֶם חֻקִּי Proverbs 30:8 let me devour my appointed bread (of men, late; compare טֶרֶף Proverbs 31:15, and Psalm 111:5; Malachi 3:10).


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

טָרַף fut. יִטְרֹף, once יִטְרַף Genesis 49:27.

(1)  to pluck off (kindred to טָרָה, טָרַם, comp. Gr. θρύπτω), hence Arab. طَرُفَ to be fresh (frifch abgebrochen), Heb. טָרָף, טֶרֶף No. 3.

(2) to pull, tear, in pieces as a wild beast, Genesis 37:33, 44:28 Deuteronomy 33:20 Psal. 22:14 Nahum 2:13. Metaph. used of anger, Job 16:9, 18:4 and thus even of God, Psal. 50:22, פֶּן־אֶטְרֹף “lest I tear” like wild beasts. Hosea 6:1.

Niphal pass. of No. 2. Exodus 22:12; Jeremiah 5:6.

Pual id. Genesis 37:33, 44:28.

Hiphil, to tear up food, i.e. to make some one eat, to feed, Proverbs 30:8. Hence the following words


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List of Word Forms
אֶ֝טְרֹ֗ף אֶטְרֹף֙ אטרף הַ֝טְרִיפֵ֗נִי הטריפני וְטָרַ֖ף וְטָרַ֥ף וַיִּטְרֹ֤ף וטרף ויטרף טָרַ֨ף ׀ טָרָ֖ף טָרֹ֣ף טָרֹ֥ף טֹ֣רְפֵי טֹ֣רֵֽף טֹֽרֵ֥ף טֹרֵ֥ף טֹרֵף֙ טֹרַ֖ף טֹרָ֑ף טרף טרפי יִטְרָ֔ף יִטְרֹ֣ף יִטָּרֵ֑ף יִטָּרֵ֖ף יטרף לִטְר֑וֹף לִטְרָף־ לטרוף לטרף־ ’eṭ·rōp̄ ’eṭrōp̄ etRof haṭ·rî·p̄ê·nî hatriFeni haṭrîp̄ênî liṭ·rāp̄- liṭ·rō·wp̄ liṭrāp̄- litRof liṭrōwp̄ ṭā·rap̄ ṭā·rāp̄ ṭā·rōp̄ taRaf ṭārap̄ ṭārāp̄ taRof ṭārōp̄ ṭō·rap̄ ṭō·rāp̄ ṭō·rə·p̄ê ṭō·rêp̄ toRaf ṭōrap̄ ṭōrāp̄ toRef Torefei ṭōrêp̄ ṭōrəp̄ê vaiyitRof vetaRaf way·yiṭ·rōp̄ wayyiṭrōp̄ wə·ṭā·rap̄ wəṭārap̄ yiṭ·rāp̄ yiṭ·rōp̄ yiṭ·ṭā·rêp̄ yitRaf yiṭrāp̄ yitRof yiṭrōp̄ yittaRef yiṭṭārêp̄
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