the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #2859 - חָתַן
1) to become a son-in-law, make oneself a daughter’s husband
1a) (Qal) wife’s father, wife’s mother, father-in-law, mother-in-law (participle)
1b) (Hithpael) to make oneself a daughter’s husband
2224) nth (ההתנ HhTN) AC: Relate CO: Wedding AB: In-law: A relating to another through marriage. [from: th- taking hold]
V) nth (ההתנ HhTN) - Relate: To have a relationship with another through marriage. KJV (33): (vf: Paal, Hitpael, Participle) in-law, affinity, marriage - Strongs: H2859 (חָתַן)
Nm) nth (ההתנ HhTN) - In-law: One related by marriage. KJV (20): in-law, bridegroom, husband - Strongs: H2860 (חָתָן)
Nf1) enth (ההתנה HhTNH) - Wedding: KJV (1): espousal - Strongs: H2861 (חֲתֻנָּה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
2. feminine wife's mother, only suffix חֹתַנְתּוֺ Deuteronomy 27:23.
II. חתן verb denominative only
Hithpa`el make oneself a daughter's husband (Late Hebrew Hithpa`el id., Aramaic Ithpa`al id.) — Perfect 2 masculine plural וְהִתְחַתַּנְתֶּם consecutive Joshua 23:12; Imperfect וַיִּתְחַתֵּן 1 Kings 3:1; 2 Chronicles 18:1; 2 masculine תִּתְחַתֵּן Deuteronomy 7:3; 1 Samuel 18:21; Imperative הִתְחַתֵּן 1 Samuel 18:22, הִתְחַתְּנוּ Genesis 34:9; Infinitive הִתְחַתֵּן 1 Samuel 18:23 3t.; —
1 make oneself daughter's husband ( Song of Solomon -in-law) to, with בְּ 1 Samuel 18:21,22,23,26,27; with אֶת 1 Kings 3:1; Genesis 34:9 (P); with לְ 2 Chronicles 18:1, of marriage of Jehoshaphat's son and Ahab's daughter (compare 2 Kings 8:18 2 Chronicles 21:6).
2 in General form marriage-alliance with, with בְּ Deuteronomy 7:3; Joshua 23:12 (D), Ezra 9:14.
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חָתַן (1) to give one’s daughter in marriage (verhehrathen). Hence part. Kal חֹתֵן a father-in-law, the wife’s father (a husband’s father is called חָם), who gives his daughter in marriage. חֹתֵן משֶׁה the father-in-law of Moses, Exodus 18:1; Judges 19:4, seq. Fem. חֹתֶנֶת a mother-in-law, wife’s mother. Deuteronomy 27:25.
(2) to take in marriage, hehrathen. Hence חָתָן, חֲתֻנָּה.
Hithpael, to give daughters in marriage to one another, [“to give or receive a daughter in marriage”]; to join affinity, followed by אֵת, with any one, Genesis 34:9; 1 Kings 3:1 בְּ Deuteronomy 7:3; Joshua 23:12; 1 Samuel 18:22, 23 1 Samuel 18:23, 26 1 Samuel 18:26, 27 1 Samuel 18:27; Ezra 9:14 לְ 2 Chronicles 18:1. (Arab. ختن Conj. III. id., خَتَنُ a son-in-law, connection by marriage [“father-in-law”].) [“Further this root signifies, Conj. I. to circumcise an infant; خِتَانُ circumcision, place of circumcision خَتِينُ, مختون a circumcised infant. These significations are shown to be joined together by a common bond, not only by Exodus 4:25 (see below in חָתָן ) but also by ختن Conj. I. to provide a nuptial feast, or a feast at the circumcision of an infant, خَتَنُ, خِتَانُ a feast at a circumcision. The primary and genuine meaning may be to cut off, to circumcise, another trace of which is in ختن to diminish, خَتْنُ a cutting off (comp. the roots קָטַן, חָתַךְ, and others which begin with the syllable kat); and then the word used for the festival of circumcision was applied to that of a marriage.” Thes.]
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.