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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #2557 - חָמֵץ

from (H2556)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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1) the thing leavened, leaven

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2219 ‑ ζύμη (dzoo'‑may);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (11)
Exodus 5
Leviticus 4
Deuteronomy 1
Amos 1
NAS (15)
Exodus 7
Leviticus 4
Deuteronomy 2
Amos 2
HCS (13)
Exodus 7
Leviticus 4
Deuteronomy 1
Amos 1
BSB (13)
Exodus 7
Leviticus 4
Deuteronomy 1
Amos 1
ESV (6)
Leviticus 4
Deuteronomy 1
Amos 1
WEB (12)
Exodus 5
Leviticus 5
Deuteronomy 1
Amos 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2173) ymh (ההמתס HhMTs) AC: ? CO: Sour AB: ?: The harsh taste of something that has fermented or soured. [from: mh- processing a food through heat or fermentation]

V) ymh (ההמתס HhMTs) - Sour: To be sour by adding leaven to bread. Also to sour in taste, thought or action. KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael) leaven, cruel, dye, grieve - Strongs: H2556 (חָמֵץ)

Nm) ymh (ההמתס HhMTs) - Leaven: Used for souring bread, also the bread that has been leavened. KJV (11): leaven - Strongs: H2557 (חָמֵץ)

bm) yimh (ההמיתס HhMYTs) - Soured: KJV (1): clean - Strongs: H2548 (חָמִיץ)

cm) yfmh (ההמותס HhMWTs) - Soured: KJV (1): oppressed - Strongs: H2541 (חָמוֹץ)

gm) ymfh (ההומתס HhWMTs) - Vine KJV (6): vinegar - Strongs: H2558 (חֹמֶץ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 חָמֵץ noun masculine Exodus 13:3 that which is leavened֯׳ח Exodus 12:15 10t. — forbidden at Passover Exodus 12:15 (P), Exodus 13:3,7 (JE), Deuteronomy 16:3, in all sacrifices Exodus 23:18; Exodus 34:25 (both J E); compare Amos 4:5; Leviticus 2:11; Leviticus 6:10 (P; apposition); exceptions are ׳לֶחֶם ח of peace-offering Leviticus 7:13 (P), and the wave-loaves (׳ח appositive) Leviticus 23:17 (H). — see RS Sem 208 OTJC 2,345.

מַחְמֶ֫צֶת noun feminine anything leavened, only Exodus 12:19,20 (P).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָמֵץ fut. יֶחֱמַץ, inf. חֻמְצָה to be sharp, eager. Used with regard

(1) to taste, hence to be sour, of leavened bread, Exodus 12:39, of vinegar (חֹמֶץ), also to be salted (see חָמִיץ ). Arab. حَمُضَ, Syr. ܚܡܰܨ. When used with reference to sight

(2) to be of a bright (i.e. a splendid) colour, such as dazzles the eyes; especially used of a bright red. Part. pass. חָמוּץ splendid, of the scarlet mantle of a ruler, Isaiah 63:1 [But it here means blood-stained; see the context, and Revelation 19:15 ]; compare verse, and LXX. Syr. Similarly the Greeks say, χρῶμα ὀξύ, i.e. κόκκινον, πορφύραι ὀξύταται, ὀξυφέγγη ῥόδα; see Bochart, Hieroz. i. p. 114; Simonis Arc. formarum, p. 66, 120.

(3) figuratively of the mind

(a) to act violently, like the kindred word חָמַס, whence part. חֹמֵץ violent, Psalms 71:4 comp. חָמוֹץ and חָמֵץ No. 2. (Eth. ዐመፀ፡ to be unjust, violent, to injure.)

(b) to be bitter, spoken of pain, see Hithpael.

Hiphil, to be embittered, i.e. to be affected with anger, pain., Psalms 73:21. (Chald. Pa. id.)

Hence חָמוֹץ, חָמִיץ and the following words.

חָמֵץ m.

(1)  that which is leavened, Exodus 12:15, 13:3, Exodus 13:7, etc.

(2) probably that which is gained by violence and wrong, i.q. חָמָס Amos 4:5 see the root No. 3. So Chaldee. The ordinary signification of something leavened is not amiss in this passage, but that now given is preferable [?].

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List of Word Forms
חָמֵ֑ץ חָמֵ֔ץ חָמֵ֖ץ חָמֵ֗ץ חָמֵֽץ׃ חמץ חמץ׃ מֵֽחָמֵץ֙ מַחְמֶ֖צֶת מַחְמֶ֗צֶת מחמץ מחמצת chaMetz ḥā·mêṣ ḥāmêṣ machMetzet maḥ·me·ṣeṯ maḥmeṣeṯ mê·ḥā·mêṣ mechaMetz mêḥāmêṣ
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