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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #2196 - זָעַף
1) to fret, be sad, be wroth, be vexed, be enraged, be out of humour
1a1) to be out of humour
1a2) to be enraged, be angry
2a) to appear perplexed, appear troubled
2b) to be sad-looking
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Imperfect יִזְעַף Proverbs 19:3; וַיִּזְעַף 2 Chronicles 26:19; Infinitive זַעְמּוֺ 2 Chronicles 26:19; Participle plural זֹעֲפִים Genesis 40:6; Daniel 1:10; —
1 be out of humour Genesis 40:6 (E); dejected, of face Daniel 1:10; followed by עַל Proverbs 19:3 fret against (AV).
2 be enraged (late: compare Aramaic above) 2 Chronicles 26:19; followed by עִם 2 Chronicles 26:19.
זָעַף fut. A.
(1) to be angry, followed by עַל Proverbs 19:3, עִם 2 Chronicles 26:19. (The original idea is either that of foaming, the same as זָעַם, compare the words of which the syllable sap is the common stock, see זָפָה : or else that of burning, compare Syr. ܙܥܰܦ Ethpe. to be burned, and the quadriliteral זַלְעַף.) [“The primary signification is either to breathe, to snuff up, (Sam. Ecc 10:1-20 id. comp. Ch. זַעְפָּא a strong wind,) or else, to burn.”]
(2) to be sad, to fret, to be morose (as to the connection of ideas see under the root עָצַב ). Part. זֹעֲפִים sad, Genesis 40:6, i.q. רָעִים verse Genesis 40:7; Daniel 1:10 (of the countenance, as having become thin and sad-looking through long fasting. Well rendered by Theod. σκυθρωπός, comp. Matthew 6:16). Hence