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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #2196 - זָעַף

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to fret, be sad, be wroth, be vexed, be enraged, be out of humour

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to be out of humour

1a2) to be enraged, be angry

2) (Qal)

2a) to appear perplexed, appear troubled

2b) to be sad-looking

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2373 ‑ θυμόω (thoo‑mo'‑o);  5015 ‑ ταράσσω (tar‑as'‑so);  3710 ‑ ὀργίζω (or‑gid'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Genesis 1
2 Chronicles 2
Proverbs 1
Daniel 1
NAS (6)
Genesis 1
2 Chronicles 2
Proverbs 1
Daniel 2
HCS (6)
Genesis 1
2 Chronicles 2
Proverbs 1
Daniel 1
Jonah 1
BSB (5)
Genesis 1
2 Chronicles 2
Proverbs 1
Daniel 1
ESV (5)
Genesis 1
2 Chronicles 2
Proverbs 1
Daniel 1
WEB (4)
Genesis 1
2 Chronicles 2
Proverbs 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2130) poz (זאהפ ZAhP) AC: Sad CO: ? AB: Sadness: [from: oz- sadness as a trembling]

V) poz (זאהפ ZAhP) - Sad: To be in a state of sadness. KJV (5): (vf: Paal) wroth, sad, fret, worse - Strongs: H2196 (זָעַף)

Nm) poz (זאהפ ZAhP) - Sadness: KJV (8): rage, indignation, wrath, displeased - Strongs: H2197 (זַעַף), H2198 (זָעֵף)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [זַעַף] verb be out of humour, vexed; be enraged (Aramaic rage against, זְעַף to storm, זַעֲפָא storm; compare Samaritan blow, breathe) —

Qal Imperfect יִזְעַף Proverbs 19:3; וַיִּזְעַף 2 Chronicles 26:19; Infinitive זַעְמּוֺ 2 Chronicles 26:19; Participle plural זֹעֲפִים Genesis 40:6; Daniel 1:10; —

1 be out of humour Genesis 40:6 (E); dejected, of face Daniel 1:10; followed by עַל Proverbs 19:3 fret against (AV).

2 be enraged (late: compare Aramaic above) 2 Chronicles 26:19; followed by עִם 2 Chronicles 26:19.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

זָעַף fut. A.

(1)  to be angry, followed by עַל Proverbs 19:3, עִם 2 Chronicles 26:19. (The original idea is either that of foaming, the same as זָעַם, compare the words of which the syllable sap is the common stock, see זָפָה : or else that of burning, compare Syr. ܙܥܰܦ Ethpe. to be burned, and the quadriliteral זַלְעַף.) [“The primary signification is either to breathe, to snuff up, (Sam. Ecc 10:1-20 id. comp. Ch. זַעְפָּא a strong wind,) or else, to burn.”]

(2) to be sad, to fret, to be morose (as to the connection of ideas see under the root עָצַב ). Part. זֹעֲפִים sad, Genesis 40:6, i.q. רָעִים verse Genesis 40:7; Daniel 1:10 (of the countenance, as having become thin and sad-looking through long fasting. Well rendered by Theod. σκυθρωπός, comp. Matthew 6:16). Hence

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
וַיִּזְעַף֙ וּבְזַעְפּ֣וֹ ובזעפו ויזעף זֹֽעֲפִ֗ים זֹעֲפִֽים׃ זעפים זעפים׃ יִזְעַ֥ף יזעף ū·ḇə·za‘·pōw ūḇəza‘pōw uvezaPo vaiyizAf way·yiz·‘ap̄ wayyiz‘ap̄ yiz‘ap̄ yiz·‘ap̄ yizAf zō‘ăp̄îm zō·‘ă·p̄îm zoaFim
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