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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2196 - זָעַף

Transliteration
zâ‛aph
Phonetics
zaw-af'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
569
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to fret, be sad, be wroth, be vexed, be enraged, be out of humour

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to be out of humour

1a2) to be enraged, be angry

2) (Qal)

2a) to appear perplexed, appear troubled

2b) to be sad-looking

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2373 ‑ θυμόω (thoo‑mo'‑o);  5015 ‑ ταράσσω (tar‑as'‑so);  3710 ‑ ὀργίζω (or‑gid'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (5)
Genesis
1
2 Chronicles
2
Proverbs
1
Daniel
1
NAS (6)
Genesis
1
2 Chronicles
2
Proverbs
1
Daniel
2
HCS (6)
Genesis
1
2 Chronicles
2
Proverbs
1
Daniel
1
Jonah
1
BSB (5)
Genesis
1
2 Chronicles
2
Proverbs
1
Daniel
1
ESV (5)
Genesis
1
2 Chronicles
2
Proverbs
1
Daniel
1
WEB (4)
Genesis
1
2 Chronicles
2
Proverbs
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2130) poz (זאהפ ZAhP) AC: Sad CO: ? AB: Sadness: [from: oz- sadness as a trembling]

V) poz (זאהפ ZAhP) - Sad: To be in a state of sadness. KJV (5): (vf: Paal) wroth, sad, fret, worse - Strongs: H2196 (זָעַף)

Nm) poz (זאהפ ZAhP) - Sadness: KJV (8): rage, indignation, wrath, displeased - Strongs: H2197 (זַעַף), H2198 (זָעֵף)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2022
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

זָעַף fut. A.

(1)  to be angry, followed by עַל Proverbs 19:3, עִם 2 Chronicles 26:19. (The original idea is either that of foaming, the same as זָעַם, compare the words of which the syllable sap is the common stock, see זָפָה : or else that of burning, compare Syr. ܙܥܰܦ Ethpe. to be burned, and the quadriliteral זַלְעַף.) [“The primary signification is either to breathe, to snuff up, (Sam. Ecc 10:1-20 id. comp. Ch. זַעְפָּא a strong wind,) or else, to burn.”]

(2) to be sad, to fret, to be morose (as to the connection of ideas see under the root עָצַב ). Part. זֹעֲפִים sad, Genesis 40:6, i.q. רָעִים verse Genesis 40:7; Daniel 1:10 (of the countenance, as having become thin and sad-looking through long fasting. Well rendered by Theod. σκυθρωπός, comp. Matthew 6:16). Hence

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List of Word Forms
וַיִּזְעַף֙ וּבְזַעְפּ֣וֹ ובזעפו ויזעף זֹֽעֲפִ֗ים זֹעֲפִֽים׃ זעפים זעפים׃ יִזְעַ֥ף יזעף ū·ḇə·za‘·pōw ūḇəza‘pōw uvezaPo vaiyizAf way·yiz·‘ap̄ wayyiz‘ap̄ yiz‘ap̄ yiz·‘ap̄ yizAf zō‘ăp̄îm zō·‘ă·p̄îm zoaFim
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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