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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #2119 - זָחַל

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to shrink back, crawl away

1a) (Qal) crawling, creeping (participle) (metonymy)

2) to fear, be afraid

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2270 ‑ ἡσυχάζω (hay‑soo‑khad'‑zo);  4951 ‑ σύρω (soo'‑ro);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Deuteronomy 1
Job 1
Micah 1
HCS (0)
HCS (3)
Deuteronomy 1
Job 1
Micah 1
BSB (3)
Deuteronomy 1
Job 1
Micah 1
ESV (2)
Job 1
Micah 1
WEB (3)
Deuteronomy 1
Job 1
Micah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2120) lhz (זההל ZHhL) AC: Fear CO: ? AB: ?

V) lhz (זההל ZHhL) - F KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Participle) serpent, worm, fear, dread, terrible, afraid - Strongs: H1763 (דְּחַל), H2119 (זָחַל)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [זָחַל] verb shrink back, crawl away (Aramaic זְחַל crawl (also drop, drip, of water: so Late Hebrew זָחַל), זָחֵיל worm; Syriac locust (as crawling); Arabic withdraw, retire to a distance (see Lane, Wetzst in De Hiob 2,428), and Sabean זחֿל withdraw, humble oneself DHM ZMG 1875,610) —

Qal only Participle plural construct זֹחֲלֵי Deuteronomy 32:24; Micah 7:17; — crawl, of reptiles (participle) זֹחֲלֵי עָפָר Deuteronomy 32:24i.e. serpents (as poisonous), instruments of Yahweh's judgment on Israel; ארץ׳ז Micah 7:17 id. (as crawling into the earth to hide), simile of nations in fear of ׳י.

II. [זָחַל] verb fear, be afraid (Aramaic דְּחַל, ; compare Arabic rancour, malevolence; Nö ZMG. 1886,741) — only

Qal Perfect 1 singular זָחַלְתִּי Job 32:6 therefore I feared ("" וָאִירָא); > most, who derive from I. זָחַל = shrink away in fear, hold back (RV), compare ᵑ7אִסְתְּמִּיתִי Fl ChWB ii. 571.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
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Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1)  to creep, to crawl. Part. זֹחֲלֵי־עָפָר “the creepers of the dust,” i.e. serpents; Deuteronomy 32:24; Micah 7:17. Hence

(2) to fear, to be afraid, properly to walk with faltering footsteps, see דְּחַל. Job 32:6, עַל־כֵּן זָחַלְתִּי וָאִירָא “therefore I was afraid and feared.”

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List of Word Forms
זָחַ֥לְתִּי זֹחֲלֵ֥י זחלי זחלתי כְּזֹחֲלֵ֣י כזחלי kə·zō·ḥă·lê kezochaLei kəzōḥălê zā·ḥal·tî zaChalti zāḥaltî zō·ḥă·lê zochaLei zōḥălê