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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2040 - הָרַס
1) to tear down, break down, overthrow, beat down, break, break through, destroy, pluck down, pull down, throw down, ruined, destroyer, utterly
1a1) to throw down, tear down
1a2) to break through
1a3) to break down, break away
1b) (Niphal) to be torn down, be thrown down
1c1) to overthrow, tear down
1c2) destroyer (participle)
V) xre (הרס HRS) - Demolish: To break something into pieces by throwing or pulling it down. KJV (43): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel, Participle) throw, break, overthrow, destroy, pull, ruin, beat, pluck, destroyer - Strongs: H2040 (הָרַס)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
הָרַס fut. יֶהֱרֹס Job 12:14; Isaiah 22:19, and יַהֲרֹס Exodus 15:7; 2 Kings 3:25.
(1) to pull down, to destroy, einreißen, niederreißen. The primary signification lies in the syllable רס, which like רַץ and Gr. ῥήσσω, ῥήττω, Germ. reißen, has the meaning of tearing, pulling down, and is itself onomatopoetic. Compare רָצַץ, רָצַח, also פָּרַץ, פָּרַס, עָרַץ etc. (Arab. هرس, هرد is, to tear, to tear to pieces). This verb is properly and commonly to pull down houses, cities, walls, 1 Kings 18:30, 19:10 Isaiah 14:17; Jeremiah 1:10, 45:4 Lamentations 2:2; Ezekiel 13:14, 16:39 Micah 5:10 etc. Elsewhere it is to break out teeth, Psal. 58:7 to pull down any one from his station (herunterreißen), Isaiah 22:19, to destroy a people, Exodus 15:7 and hence a kingdom, Proverbs 29:4, “a king by justice establisheth the land, וְאִישׁ תְּרוּמוֹת יֶהֶרְםֶנָּה but he who loveth gifts (i.e. the king when he is unjust), destroys it,” pulls it down. The meaning of the passage was clearly overlooked by those who ascribe to the verb הרס h. l. the meaning of corrupting manners. A kingdom is compared to a building, which is established by a just king, but is subverted and destroyed by one who is unjust.
(2) intrans. to break through, to break in, Exodus 19:21, פֶּן יֶהֶרְסוּ אֶל־יְיָ “lest they break through to the Lord;” verse 24 Exodus 19:24.
Niphal, to be broken down, destroyed, Psalms 11:3; Joel 1:17; Ezekiel 30:4, etc.; used also of mountains, 38:20.
Piel i.q. Kal No. 1, Exodus 23:24; Isaiah 49:17.
Derivatives הֲרִיסָה, הֲרִיסוּת, and
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19