the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #1964 - הֵיכָל
1) palace, temple, nave, sanctuary
1b) temple (palace of God as king)
1c) hall, nave (of Ezekiel’s temple)
1d) temple (of heavenly temple)
1242) lk (כל KL) AC: Complete CO: Vessel AB: Whole: The pictograph k is a picture of the bent palm representing the bending or subduing of the will, the l is a picture of a shepherd staff or yoke. Combined these mean "tame for the yoke". An animal or land that is tamed has been worked and is complete and ready for use. Taming include; construction of holding pens, putting the soil to the plow, harvesting of crops, milk or meat. One eats once the harvest is complete. (eng: whole; cell; cellar)
Nf1) elk (כלה KLH) - Completion: Something that has been completed or made whole. This can be in a positive sense or negative such as in a failure. KJV (22): end, altogether, consume, consumption, consummation, determine, riddance - Strongs: H3617 (כָּלָה)
V) elk (כלה KLH) - Complete: To bring something to its completion. KJV (206): (vf: Paal, Pual, Piel) consume, end, finish, fail, accomplish, done, spend, determine, away, fulfill, faint, destroy, left, waste - Strongs: H3615 (כָּלָה)
V) lfk (כול KWL) - Sustain: To provide what is needed to make someone or something whole or complete. KJV (37): (vf: Paal, Pilpel) contain, feed, sustain, abide, nourish, hold, receive, victual, bear, comprehend - Strongs: H3557 (כּוּל)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 rather seld. (royal) palace (so almost always in Assyrian); of Ahab 1 Kings 21:1, of king of Babylon 2 Kings 20:18 = Isaiah 38:17; 2 Chronicles 36:7, compare Daniel 1:4, and plural הֵיכְלֵי עֹנֶג Isaiah 13:22 luxurious palaces; at Nineveh נָמוֺג׳וְהַה Nahum 2:7; not clearly defined are הֵיכַל מֶלֶךְ Psalm 45:16 and הֵיכְלֵי שֵׁן Psalm 45:9; הֵיכָלוֺת Hosea 8:14 (in Northern Israel); see also וְהֵילִילוּ שִׁירוֺת הֵיכָל בַּיּוֺם הַהוּא Amos 8:3 and palace-songs shall be howlings in that day; compare also (probably) of Phoenician palaces Joel 4:5; quite General הֵיכְלֵי מֶלֶךְ, Proverbs 30:28, & תַּבְנִית הֵיכָל Psalm 144:12 (simile of well-proportioned daughters); — usual term for royal palace in Hebrew is בֵּית הַמֶּלֶךְ, see בית.
2 of palace of God considered as king, = house of God or of ׳י, temple (compare ׳הַה Isaiah 6:1 e. below where prophet sees אדני ישֵׁב עַלכִּֿסֵּא):
a. of early, pre-Solomonic house at Shiloh׳הֵיכַל י 1 Samuel 1:9; 1 Samuel 3:3 (= ׳בֵּית י 1 Samuel 1:7; 1 Samuel 3:15; מֶּתַח אֹהֶל מוֺעֵד 1 Samuel 2:22 omitted by ᵐ5 We Klo Dr) with doors (דלתות, 1 Samuel 3:15) & a doorpost (מזוזה 1 Samuel 1:9) (compare 2 Samuel 22:7 = Psalm 18:7 e below).
b. of Solomon's temple: specifically the hall or nave of the temple (the holy place, distinguished from the דְּבִּיר the inner sanctuary, the Holy of Holies, and with this included in the more General term ׳בֵּית י or הַבַּיִת, 1 Kings 6:1,2+ often) 1 Kings 6:17 (compare 1 Kings 6:19; 1 Kings 6:20 & 1 Kings 6:2) also 1 Kings 6:5; 1 Kings 6:33; 1 Kings 7:50 2 Chronicles 4:22; further 2 Chronicles 4:7,8; Ezekiel 8:16 (twice in verse) הָאוּלָם עַלמְּֿנֵיהֵיכַל הַבַּיִת 1 Kings 6:3; אֻלָם הַהֵיכָל 1 Kings 7:21 "" עַלמְּֿנֵיהַהֵיכָל 2 Chronicles 3:17; ׳הֵיכַל י 2 Kings 18:16; also in wide sense (apparently = ׳בֵּית י), ׳הֵיכַל י 2 Kings 23:4; 2 Kings 24:13 ("" ׳בֵּית י), Jeremiah 7:4 (3t. in verse) ("" ׳בֵּית י Jeremiah 7:2), Jeremiah 24:1 see also נִקְמַתהֵיכָלוֺ Jeremiah 50:28; Jeremiah 51:11 (both "" ׳נִקְמַת י); 2 Chronicles 26:16; 27:2, compare 2 Chronicles 29:16 ("" ׳מְּנִ֫ימָה בֵית י; opposed to ׳י׳חֲצַר ב), in all three ׳הֵיכַל י.
c. hall or nave of Ezekiel's temple, the holy place (see above) (included in הַבַּיִת, the General term embracing the whole group of buildings) Ezekiel 41:1,4,15,21,23,25 (compare Ezekiel 41:20) Ezekiel 42:8.
d. general designation of 2 nd temple, הַהֵיכָל Zechariah 8:9 ("" צְבָאוֺת׳בֵּית י); oftener ׳הֵיכַל י Haggai 2:15,18; Zechariah 6:12,13,14,15; Ezra 3:6,10, הֵיכָלוֺ Malachi 3:1; Psalm 27:4; בּוֺנִים הֵיכָל ליהוה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל Ezra 4:1; (הַ)הֵיכָל Nehemiah 6:10 (twice in verse) ("" בֵּית הָאֱלֹהִים), Nehemiah 6:11; Isaiah 44:28, compare also Isaiah 66:6. — הֵיכָל occurs occasionally in Psalm , without conclusive evidence, in all cases, to what temple reference is had; apparently distinguished from ׳בֵּית י (as below b) Psalm 5:8 (הֵיכַל קָדְשְׁךָ; see בֵּיתֶ֑ךָ Psalm 5:7); perhaps also Psalm 68:30 (distinguished from Holy of Holies by De Che; yet verse obscure); but no distinction evident Psalm 79:1; Psalm 138:2; Jonah 2:5; Jonah 2:8 (all הֵיכַל קָדְשְׁךָ); compare קְדשׁ הֵיכָל֑ךָ Psalm 65:5 ("" בֵּיתֶ֑ךָ); as containing the worshipping assembly Psalm 48:10.
e. of the heavenly temple where׳י sits enthroned Isaiah 6:1; his abode in the heavens 2 Samuel 22:7 = Psalm 18:7; Psalm 11:4 ("" שָׁמַיִם; compare זְבֻל קָדְשׁוֺ Isaiah 63:15, "" id.), Isaiah 29:9; אֲדֹנָי מֵהֵיכַל קָדְשׁוֺ Micah 1:2, compare Habakkuk 2:20 ויהוה בְּהֵיכַל קָדְשׁוֺ.
הֵיכָל comm. once certainly fem. Isaiah 44:28. ([“It comes from root יָכֹל i.q. כּוּל, כְּהַל, to take, to hold; specially to be capacious, spacious.” Ges. corr.] Arab. هَيْكَلُ, Syr. ܗܰܝ̱ܟܠܳ, Eth. ሀደከል፡ id. [“There is likewise a verb هَيْكَلَ”]). Pl. ־ִים, once וֹת Hosea 8:14.
(1) a large and magnificent building, a palace, Proverbs 30:28; Isaiah 29:7; Daniel 1:4.
(2) הֵיכַל יְהֹוָה “the palace of Jehovah,” an appellation of the temple at Jerusalem, 2 Kings 24:13; 2 Chronicles 3:17; Jeremiah 50:28; Haggai 2:15; Zechariah 6:14, 15 Zechariah 6:15(called elsewhere בֵּית יְהֹוָה), also the holy tabernacle which was used before the temple was built; compare בַּיִת No. 1. 1 Samuel 1:9, 3:3 Psalms 5:8 (not however, 2 Samuel 22:7; Psalms 29:9, where heaven is to be understood); poet. also heaven, Psalms 11:4, 18:7 (and 2 Samuel 22:7); 29:9 Micah 1:2 (sometimes also with the epithet, “holy”).
(3) Specially it is a part of the temple at Jerusalem, namely, ὁ ναὸς κατʼ ἐξοχήν, answering to the nave of modern cathedrals between the entrance and the holy of holies (דְּבִיִר), 1 Kings 6:5, 17 1 Kings 6:17, 7:50. By a mere error it has occurred that in the last edition of Simonis Lexicon [Winer’s], הֵיכָל is said to be applied to the holy of holies itself.