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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2362 - θρόνος

Root Word (Etymology)
from thrao (to sit), a stately seat ("throne")
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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  1. a throne seat
    1. a chair of state having a footstool
    2. assigned in the NT to kings, hence, kingly power or royalty
      1. metaph. to God, the governor of the world
      2. to the Messiah, Christ, the partner and assistant in the divine administration 1b
    3. hence divine power belonging to Christ
      1. to judges i.e. tribunal or bench
      2. to elders
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1964 ‑ הֵיכָל (hay‑kawl');  2329 ‑ חוּג (khoog);  3678 ‑ כִּסֵּא (kis‑say', kis‑say');  3764 ‑ כָּרְסֵא (kor‑say');  4437 ‑ מַלְכוּ (mal‑koo');  4725 ‑ מְקֹמָה ((1,2) maw‑kome', (3,4) mek‑o‑mah');  8034 ‑ שֵׁם (shame);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (61)
Matthew 5
Luke 3
Acts 2
Colossians 1
Hebrews 4
Revelation 46
NAS (61)
Matthew 5
Luke 3
Acts 2
Colossians 1
Hebrews 4
Revelation 46
HCS (61)
Matthew 5
Luke 3
Acts 2
Colossians 1
Hebrews 4
Revelation 46
BSB (62)
Matthew 5
Luke 3
Acts 2
Colossians 1
Hebrews 4
Revelation 47
ESV (51)
Matthew 5
Luke 3
Acts 2
Colossians 1
Hebrews 4
Revelation 36
WEB (60)
Matthew 5
Luke 3
Acts 2
Colossians 1
Hebrews 4
Revelation 45
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

θρόνος, ὁ,


1. seat, chair, Od. 1.145, Ath. 5.192e, PMasp. 6 ii 63 (vi A.D.), etc.

2. throne, chair of state, θ. βασιλήϊος Hdt. 1.14, cf. X. HG 1.5.3, etc.; Ζηνὸς ἐπὶ θρόνον Theoc. 7.93: metaph., Pl. R. 553c: pl., ἐν θρόνοις ἥμενοι A. Ch. 975; ἐκ τυραννίδος θρόνων τ' ἄϊστον ἐκβαλεῖν Id. Pr. 910; Διὸς θρόνοι S. Ant. 1041, cf. Ar. Av. 1732; king's estate or dignity, σκῆπτρα καὶ θρόνους S. OC 425, cf. 448; [ γῆς] κράτη τε καὶ θρόνους νέμω Id. OT 237, cf. Ant. 166, etc.; in the Prytaneum, τῷ [Ἀπόλλωνι] θ. ἐξελεῖν IG 12.78.

3. oracular seat of Apollo, E. IT 1254, 1282 (both lyr.); μαντικοὶ θ. A. Eu. 616, etc.

4. chair of a teacher, Pl. Prt. 315c, Philostr. VS 2.2, Lib. 819, AP 9.174(Pall.).

5. judge's bench, Plu. 2.807b, Him. Ecl. 10.9, 13.16.

6. Astrol.,= ὕψωμα, PMich. in Class.Phil. 22.22(pl.). favourable combination of planetary positions, Ptol. Tetr. 51.

II a kind of bread, Neanth. 1 J.

III name of a lozenge, Paul.Aeg. 3.42, 7.12.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

θρόνος, θρόνου, (ΘΡΑΩ to sit; cf. Curtius, § 316) (from Homer down), the Sept. for כִּסֵּא, a throne, seat, i. e. a chair of state having a footstool; assigned in the N. T. to kings, hence, by metonymy, for kingly power, royalty: Luke 1:32, 52; Acts 2:30. metaphorically, to God, the governor of the world: Matthew 5:34; Matthew 23:22; Acts 7:49 (Isaiah 66:1); Revelation 1:4; Revelation 3:21; Revelation 4:2-6, 9, 10, etc.; Hebrews 4:16; Hebrews 8:1; Hebrews 12:2. to the Messiah, the partner and assistant in the divine administration: Matthew 19:28; Matthew 25:31; Revelation 3:21; Revelation 20:11; Revelation 22:3; hence, the divine power belonging to Christ, Hebrews 1:8. to judges, equivalent to tribunal or bench (Plutarch, mar., p. 807 b.): Matthew 19:28; Luke 22:30; Revelation 20:4. to elders: Revelation 4:4; Revelation 11:16. to Satan: Revelation 2:13; cf. Bleek at the passage to the beast (concerning which see θηρίον): Revelation 16:10. θρόνος is used by metonymy, of one who holds dominion or exercises authority; thus in plural of angels: Colossians 1:16 (see Lightfoot at the passage).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

θρόνος , -ου ,

[in LXX chiefly for H3678, Exodus 11:5, al.;]

in Hom., a seat, chair. Later, a throne, chair of state, seat of authority; of kings: metaph., of God, Matthew 5:34, Acts 7:49 (LXX), Revelation 1:4, al.; by meton., for kingly power, sovereignty, Luke 1:32; Luke 1:52, Acts 2:30; for an angelic hierarchy, Colossians 1:16; of Christ, Matthew 19:28, Revelation 3:21, al.; of Satan, Revelation 2:13; τ . θηρίου , Revelation 16:10; of the Apostles, Matthew 19:28, Luke 22:30, cf. Revelation 20:4; of πρεσβύτεροι , Revelation 4:4; Revelation 11:16 (on θ . τῆς χάριτος , Hebrews 4:16, v. Westc., in l; Deiss., BS, 135).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this word, which in the NT, and notably in the Apocalypse, is always an official seat or chair of state, we may compare OGIS 383.25 (rescript of Commagene—mid. i/B.C.) ἐγὼ πατρώιαν [ ]ρχὴν [π ]αρ [αλ ]α [β ]ὼν βασιλείαν [μ ]ὲν ἐμο [ ]ς ὑπήκοον θρόνοις, ib. .42 πρὸς οὐρανίους Διὸς Ὠρομάσδου θρόνους, and Preisigke 982.7 (B.C. 4) ὑπὲρ Αὐτοκράτορος Καίσαρος θεοῦ υἱοῦ Σεβαστοῦ. . . τ [ ]ν θρόνον καὶ τὸν βωμὸν ἀνέθηκε, ib. 1164.8 (B.C. 181–45) ὑπὲρ βασιλέως Πτολεμαίο (υ) καὶ βασιλίσσης Κλεοπάτρας. . . τὸ Πτολεμαῖον καὶ τὸν θρόνον Ἑρμεῖ Ἡρακλεῖ. In connexion with the above it may be noticed that Deissmann (LAE, p. 280 n..2) from personal observation thinks that ὁ θρόνος τοῦ Σατανᾶ (Revelation 2:13) at Pergamum can only have been the altar of Zeus, which there dominated the whole district, and was thus a typical representative of satanic heathendom. The word in its original sense of ";seat,"; ";chair,"; is found in P Oxy VII. 1050.4 (ii/iii A.D.) θρόνῳ (δραχμαὶ) κ ̄, ";for a chair 20 dr.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
θρονοι θρόνοι θρονον θρόνον θρονος θρόνος θρονου θρόνου θρονους θρόνους θρονω θρόνω θρόνῳ θρονων θρόνων θρυλληθείην θρύλλημα throno thronō thronoi thrónoi thrónōi thronon thronōn thrónon thrónōn thronos thrónos thronou thrónou thronous thrónous
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