the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #1879 - דָּשֵׁן
1) fat (adjective)
2) vigorous, stalwart ones (substantive)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
דָּשֵׁן to be fat, to become fat, Deuteronomy 31:20. (Arab. دَسِمَ id., ם and ן being interchanged.)
(1) to make any thing fat, marrowy. Proverbs 15:30, שְׁמוּעָה טוֹבָה תְּדַשֶּׁן־עָֽצֶם “good tidings make the bones fat,” as if, fills them with marrow, imparts strength. Hence to anoint, Psalms 23:5.
(2) to pronounce fat. Psal. 20:4 עוֹלָֽתְךָ יְדַשְּׁנֶה “pronounce thy burnt-offering fat,” i.e. accept it. (As to ־ֶה parag. comp. 1 Samuel 28:15.) According to Kimchi (denom. from דֶּשֶׁן compare No. 3), turn to ashes, i.e. by sending fire down from heaven, comp. 1 Kings 18:24, 36 1 Kings 18:36.
(3) (denom. from דֶּשֶׁן) to clear from ashes, Exodus 27:3; Numbers 4:13.
Pual, pass. of Piel No. 1, but figuratively, to be satiated abundantly. Proverbs 13:4, נֶפֶשׁ חָרֻצִים תְּדֻשָּׁן “the soul of the diligent shall be abundantly filled;” Proverbs 28:25.
Hothpael חֻדַּשַּׁן for הֻתְדַּשַּׁן to be anointed with fatness, to be smeared, used of a sword, Isaiah 34:6.
The derived nouns follow immediately.
דָּשֵׁן adj. [pl. דְּשֵׁנִים const. דִּשְׁנֵי]
(1) fat, rich, [“comp. שָׁמֵן”], (used of a soil), Isaiah 30:23.
(2) juicy, full of sap (used of trees), Psalms 92:15.
(3) rich, wealthy (used of persons), Psalms 22:30. Comp. שֶׁמֶן.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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