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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #1878 - דָּשֵׁן

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to be fat, grow fat, become fat, become prosperous, anoint

1a) (Qal) of prosperity (figuratively)

1b) (Piel)

1b1) to make fat, anoint

1b2) to find fat (of offering — acceptable)

1b3) to take away ashes (from altar)

1c) (Pual) to be made fat

1d) (Hothpael) to fatten oneself (of Jehovah’s sword)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3975 ‑ παχύνω (pakh‑oo'‑no);  1705 ‑ ἐμπίπλημι (em‑pip'‑lay‑mee, em‑play'‑tho);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (12)
Exodus 1
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 5
Isaiah 2
NAS (19)
Exodus 2
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 2
Psalms 3
Proverbs 6
Isaiah 3
HCS (11)
Exodus 1
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 2
BSB (11)
Exodus 1
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 2
ESV (10)
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 2
WEB (12)
Exodus 1
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 5
Isaiah 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2115) nsd (דסהנ DShN) AC: ? CO: Fat AB: ?: The fat of an animal as well as the fat ashes, the ashes and fat of a burnt sacrifice mixed together.

V) nsd (דסהנ DShN) - Fat: To make something fat. Also the removal of the fat ashes from the alter. KJV (11): (vf: Paal, Pual, Piel) fat, ash, anoint, accept - Strongs: H1878 (דָּשֵׁן)

Nm) nsd (דסהנ DShN) - Fat: KJV (18): fat, fatness, ash - Strongs: H1879 (דָּשֵׁן), H1880 (דֶּשֶׁן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 דָּשֵׁן verb be fat, grow fat (Arabic ; whence also grease, fat; Late Hebrew דִּשֵּׁן make fat, compare Late Hebrew דֶּשֶׁן fat) —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular וְדָשֵׁן consecutive Deuteronomy 31:20 (JE) figurative of Israel's prosperity.

Pi`el Perfect דִּשַּׁנְתָּ Psalm 23:5; וְדִשְּׁנוּ consecutive Numbers 4:13; Imperfect: יְדַשְּׁנֶהֶֿ˜סּלָה Psalm 20:4 volunt. (compare Ges§ 48, 3De; but perhaps read suffix נֶהָ-, נָהּ#NAME? l.c.); 3 feminine singular תְּדַשֶּׁןֿ Proverbs 15:30; Infinitive לְדַשְּׁנוֺ Exodus 27:3 — causative make fat בשׁמן׳ד ראשׁי i.e. anoint, symbol of festivity and joy Psalm 23:5; עָ֑צֶם׳ד Proverbs 15:30 of bodily effect of good news; עולה׳ד find a burnt-offering fat = acceptable Psalm 20:4; elsewhere denominative from דֶּשֶׁן (fat ashes); — take away, clear away the fat ashes (accusative of altar cleared) Numbers 4:13 (P), so סירות לְדַשְּׁנוֺ Exodus 27:3 (P).

Pu`al Imperfect יְדֻשָּׁ֑ן Proverbs 28:25; Isaiah 34:7; 3 feminine singular תְּדֻשָּׁן Proverbs 11:25; Proverbs 13:4 — passive of causation

Pi`el be made fat, of dust saturated מֵחַלֶב Isaiah 34:7; figurative of prosperity of the liberal Proverbs 11:25, the diligent Proverbs 13:4, the trustful Proverbs 28:25.

Hothpa`al Perfect 3 feminine singular הֻדַּ֫שְׁנָה (compare Ol§ 271 Ges§ 54. 3) Isaiah 34:6, of Yahweh's sword: — it hath fattened itself מֵחֶלֶב "" (מָֽלְאָה דָּםׅ

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

דָּשֵׁן to be fat, to become fat, Deuteronomy 31:20. (Arab. دَسِمَ id., ם and ן being interchanged.)


(1) to make any thing fat, marrowy. Proverbs 15:30, שְׁמוּעָה טוֹבָה תְּדַשֶּׁן־עָֽצֶם “good tidings make the bones fat,” as if, fills them with marrow, imparts strength. Hence to anoint, Psalms 23:5.

(2) to pronounce fat. Psal. 20:4 עוֹלָֽתְךָ יְדַשְּׁנֶה “pronounce thy burnt-offering fat,” i.e. accept it. (As to ־ֶה parag. comp. 1 Samuel 28:15.) According to Kimchi (denom. from דֶּשֶׁן compare No. 3), turn to ashes, i.e. by sending fire down from heaven, comp. 1 Kings 18:24, 36 1 Kings 18:36.

(3) (denom. from דֶּשֶׁן) to clear from ashes, Exodus 27:3; Numbers 4:13.

Pual, pass. of Piel No. 1, but figuratively, to be satiated abundantly. Proverbs 13:4, נֶפֶשׁ חָרֻצִים תְּדֻשָּׁן “the soul of the diligent shall be abundantly filled;” Proverbs 28:25.

Hothpael חֻדַּשַּׁן for הֻתְדַּשַּׁן to be anointed with fatness, to be smeared, used of a sword, Isaiah 34:6.

The derived nouns follow immediately.

דָּשֵׁן adj. [pl. דְּשֵׁנִים const. דִּשְׁנֵי]

(1)  fat, rich, [“comp. שָׁמֵן”], (used of a soil), Isaiah 30:23.

(2) juicy, full of sap (used of trees), Psalms 92:15.

(3) rich, wealthy (used of persons), Psalms 22:30. Comp. שֶׁמֶן.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
דִּשַּׁ֖נְתָּ דשנת הֻדַּ֣שְׁנָה הדשנה וְדִשְּׁנ֖וּ וְדָשֵׁ֑ן ודשן ודשנו יְדַשְּׁנֶ֣ה יְדֻשָּֽׁן׃ ידשן׃ ידשנה לְדַשְּׁנ֔וֹ לדשנו תְּדַשֶּׁן־ תְּדֻשָּֽׁן׃ תְדֻשָּׁ֑ן תדשן תדשן־ תדשן׃ diš·šan·tā dishShanta diššantā hud·daš·nāh hudDashnah huddašnāh lə·ḏaš·šə·nōw ledashsheNo ləḏaššənōw tə·ḏaš·šen- tə·ḏuš·šān ṯə·ḏuš·šān tedashshen təḏaššen- tedushShan təḏuššān ṯəḏuššān vedaShen vedishsheNu wə·ḏā·šên wə·ḏiš·šə·nū wəḏāšên wəḏiššənū yə·ḏaš·šə·neh yə·ḏuš·šān yedashsheNeh yəḏaššəneh yedushShan yəḏuššān
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