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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #1612 - גֶּפֶן
1) vine, vine tree
1a) of Israel (figuratively)
1b) of stars fading at Jehovah’s judgment (metaphorically)
1c) of prosperity
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
גפף (√ of following; compare Syriac in derivatives, curved, convex; also Arabic both hilly country and depression, Frey.)
גֶּפֶן with suff. גַּפְנִי; pl. גְּפָנִים comm. (m. rarely Hosea 10:1; 2 Kings 4:39), a twig, and a plant which has twigs, especially a vine, which however [“comp. salix = ἕλιξ prop. a rod, switch”], when more exactness was needed, as in the laws, is called גֶּפֶן הַיַּיִן Numbers 6:4; Judges 13:14 rarely used of other similar plants, as גֶּפֶן שָׂדֶה 2 Kings 4:39, a wild vine, on which wild cucumbers grew. Hence most commonly it simply denotes a vine, Genesis 40:9; Isaiah 7:23, 24:7 32:12 Judges 9:13, seq. A noble vine figuratively denotes men of more noble qualities, Jeremiah 2:21 (compare Isaiah 5:2); and on the other hand, a wild vine, vine of Sodom (Jer. loc. cit.; Deuteronomy 32:32), denotes men of ignoble and degenerate qualities; as to the latter, see on the apples of Sodom, Jos. Bell. Jud. iv. 8, § 4.