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Friday, December 1st, 2023
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #1413 - גָּדַד

a primitive root [compare (H1464)]
Parts of Speech
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1) to penetrate, cut, attack, invade

1a) (Qal) to penetrate, cut into

1b) (Hithpoel)

1b1) to cut oneself

1b2) to gather in troops or crowds

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2340 ‑ θηρεύω (thay‑ryoo'‑o);  2647 ‑ καταλύω (kat‑al‑oo'‑o);  2875 ‑ κόπτω (kop'‑to);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (8)
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Jeremiah 4
Micah 1
NAS (9)
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Jeremiah 4
Micah 2
HCS (8)
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Jeremiah 4
Micah 1
BSB (8)
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Jeremiah 4
Micah 1
ESV (7)
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Jeremiah 3
Micah 1
WEB (8)
Deuteronomy 1
1 Kings 1
Psalms 1
Jeremiah 4
Micah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1050) dc (גד GD) AC: Slice CO: ? AB: ?: (eng: gut - used to make cordage in the same sense as the tendon)

A) dc (גד GD) AC: ? CO: Coriander AB: ?: A seed cut out of the plant. A prized spice.

Nm) dc (גד GD) - I. Coriander: II. Fortune:KJV (4): coriander, troop - Strongs: H1407 (גַּד), H1409 (גַּד)

B) ddc (גדד GDD) AC: ? CO: Band AB: ?

V) ddc (גדד GDD) - I. Band:To gather or assemble as a group for attacking or raiding. II. Slice:To cut something by slicing it. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (10): (vf: Paal) cut, gather together, assemble by troop, gather, hew - Strongs: H1413 (גָּדַד), H1414 (גְּדַד)

dm/f) dfdc (גדוד GDWD) - I. Band:A gathering of men for attacking or raiding. II. Slice:KJV (36): band, troop, army, company, men, furrow, cutting - Strongs: H1416 (גְּדוּד), H1417 (גְּדוּד)

df1) edfdc (גדודה GDWDH) - Slice: KJV (1): furrow - Strongs: H1418 (גְּדוּדָה)

H) edc (גדה GDH) AC: ? CO: Riverbank AB: ?: The water rushing by the bank undercuts a furrow inside the bank.

Nf) edc (גדה GDH) - Riverbank: KJV (4): bank - Strongs: H1415 (גָּדָה)

bf) eidc (גדיה GDYH) - Riverbank: KJV (1): bank - Strongs: H1428 (גַּדְיָה)

J) dfc (גוד GWD) AC: Invade CO: Band AB: ?: A group of men or things bound together.

V) dfc (גוד GWD) - Invade: The slicing through of a band of men. KJV (3): (vf: Paal) overcome, invade with troops - Strongs: H1464 (גּוּד)

nf1) edfca (אגודה AGWDH) - Band: A group of men or things bound together. KJV (4): troop, bunch, burdens - Strongs: H92 (אֲגֻדָּה)

M) dic (גיד GYD) AC: ? CO: Sinew AB: ?: The animals tendon is used for making bowstrings and cords. The tendon is removed by making a slit in the flesh for its removal. The sinews are used for making cordage and bowstrings.

Nm) dic (גיד GYD) - Sinew: KJV (7): sinew - Strongs: H1517 (גִּיד)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2023
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [גָּדַד] verb penetrate, cut (Late Hebrew id., cut, cut out, Aramaic גְּדַד, , Arabic cut, cut off; Ethiopic in derivatives) —

Qal Imperfect Psalm 94:21 יָג֯וֺדּוּ עַלנֶֿפֶשׁצַדִּיִק they attack (penetrate, make inroads upon) the life of a righteous man (Ol proposes יָגוּרוּ compare Psalm 56:7; Psalm 59:4 where, however, Che יגודו; si vera lectio, perhaps denominative from גְּדוּד compare Hosea 6:9 & below; compare also גוד & Kö i. 356).

Hithpo`el Imperfect יִתְגֹּדַד Jeremiah 16:6; 2 feminine singular תִּתְגֹּדֲדִי Micah 4:14, תִּתְגּוֺדָ֑דִי Jeremiah 47:5; plural וַיִּתְגֹּדְדוּ 1 Kings 18:28, יִתְגּוֺדָ֑דוּ Jeremiah 5:7 + Hosea 7:11 see below, תִּתְגֹּדְדוּ Deuteronomy 14:1; Participle plural מִתְגֹּדְדִים Jeremiah 41:5; —

1 cut oneself, as religious (heathen) practice 1 Kings 18:28; practised also by men of Schechem, etc. in worship of ׳י (late) Jeremiah 41:5; for the dead, forbidden Deuteronomy 14:1 לֹא תִתְגֹּדְדוּוְלאֹ תָשִׂימוּ קָרְחָה בֵּין עֵינֵיכֶם לָמֵת, Jeremiah 16:6; compare Jeremiah 47:5 (subject Philistia personified); also for ᵑ0יִתְגּוֺרָ֖רוּ Hosea 7:14 Codd, they cut themselves, ᵐ5 Gr Che RVm, We Now Marti Harper (compare I, II. גּוּר).

2 gather in troops, or bands; go in troops or throngs, throng; (denominative from גְּדוּד q. v.) compare תִּתְגֹּדֲדִיבַתגְּֿדוּד Micah 4:14 (addressed to Jerusalem); Jeremiah 5:7 ׳וּבֵית זוֺנָה יִתְגּ and to a harlot's house they throng. ** read probably יִתְגֹּרָ֑רוּᵐ5 Gie Du and others.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

גָּדַד fut. יָגֹד

(1)  to cut into, to cut; Arab. جَدَّ to prune a vine, to cut cloth from the loom. Compare Ch. גָּדַד. (Kindred roots are גָּדָה, גָּדַע. This signification of cutting, hewing, belongs to the syllable גד in common with the sibilated גז, see גָּזַז, from which it springs, by taking the sibilant away: both of these are softened forms from the harsher syllables קץ, קשׁ, כס, חץ, חז, and (with the sibilant taken away) קט, קד, חט, חד; in all of which there is the power of cutting: see the roots גָּזַז, קָצַץ, חָצַץ, קָדַד, חָדַד. In the Indo-Germanic languages, compare cœdo, scindo, σχίζω for σχίδω, Pers. حيدن to cleave, خودن i.q. Engl. to cut.) From the idea of cutting is

(2) to penetrate, to break in upon, i.q. גּוּד. Psalms 94:21, followed by עַל. Hence גְּדוּד and Hithpoel. From the idea of cutting off, defining, is

(3) the signification of lot and fortune (compare גְּזַר No. 2), whence, Heb. גַּד, גָּד fortune.


(1) to cut oneself, to make incisions on one’s skin, as in mourning, Jeremiah 16:6, 41:5 47:5 or as afflicting the body for any cause, Deuteronomy 14:1; 1 Kings 18:28.

(2) reflect. of Kal No. 2, fich drängen, zufammendrängen, to crowd in great numbers into one place, Jeremiah 5:7 Mic. 4:14.

Derivatives, גַּד, גָּד, גְּדוּד, and pr.n. גַּדִּי, גַּדִּיאֵל, מְגִדּוֹ.

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List of Word Forms
וַיִּתְגֹּֽדְדוּ֙ וּמִתְגֹּֽדְדִ֑ים ויתגדדו ומתגדדים יִתְגֹּדַ֔ד יִתְגֹּדָֽדוּ׃ יָ֭גוֹדּוּ יגודו יתגדד יתגדדו׃ תִּתְגֹּדְדִ֣י תִּתְגּוֹדָֽדִי׃ תִתְגֹּֽדְד֗וּ תתגדדו תתגדדי תתגודדי׃ tiṯ·gō·ḏə·ḏî ṯiṯ·gō·ḏə·ḏū tiṯ·gō·w·ḏā·ḏî titgoDadi titgodeDi tiṯgōḏəḏî titgodeDu ṯiṯgōḏəḏū tiṯgōwḏāḏî ū·miṯ·gō·ḏə·ḏîm umitgodeDim ūmiṯgōḏəḏîm vaiyitgodeDu way·yiṯ·gō·ḏə·ḏū wayyiṯgōḏəḏū yā·ḡō·w·dū Yagodu yāḡōwdū yiṯ·gō·ḏā·ḏū yiṯ·gō·ḏaḏ yitgoDad yiṯgōḏaḏ yitgoDadu yiṯgōḏāḏū
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