the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #06663 - צָדַק
1) to be just, be righteous
1a1) to have a just cause, be in the right
1a2) to be justified
1a3) to be just (of God)
1a4) to be just, be righteous (in conduct and character)
1b) (Niphal) to be put or made right, be justified
1c) (Piel) justify, make to appear righteous, make someone righteous
1d1) to do or bring justice (in administering law)
1d2) to declare righteous, justify
1d3) to justify, vindicate the cause of, save
1d4) to make righteous, turn to righteousness
1e) (Hithpael) to justify oneself
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 feminine singular צָֽדְקָה Isaiah 38:26; 2 masculine singular צָדַקְתָּ Job 33:12; Job 35:7; etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִצְדַּק Job 9:2 +; יִצְדָּ֑ק Job 4:17; Job 11:2; 3 feminine plural תִּצְדַּקְנָה Ezekiel 16:52 (ᵐ5 Co תְּצַדְּקִין, not Berthol Toy Krae), etc; —
1 have a just cause, be in the right, Job 9:15,20; Job 13:18; Job 34:5; in complaint Job 33:12; with מִן person Genesis 38:26 (J; of Tamar).
2 be justified, in one's plea Job 11:2; with עִם (man with God) Job 9:2; Job 25:4; ׳בי Isaiah 45:25; by witnesses Isaiah 43:9; by acquittal Psalm 143:2; Isaiah 43:26; by condemnation of opponent Job 40:8.
3 be just: of God, in his government, in charging with sin Psalm 51:6; of ׳מִשְׁמְּטֵייֿ Psalm 19:10.
4 be just, righteous, in conduct and character: of men Job 10:15; Job 15:14; Job 22:3; Job 35:7, with מִן compare, Job 4:17 (more than God; Dr at God's hand, מִן 2 d), Ezekiel 16:52 (< ᵐ5 Co Pi`el).
Niph`al Perfect 3 masculine singular וְנִצְדַּק קֹדֶשׁ consecutive Daniel 8:14 the holy place shall be put right, in a right condition (Marti Kau Buhl SS; Bev Dr Marti Comm. be justified, its cause vindicated).
Pi`el Perfect 3 feminine singular צִדְּקָה Jeremiah 3:11; Imperfect 2 feminine singular תְּצַדְּקִי Ezekiel 16:51; Infinitive construct suffix צַדְּקֶ֑ךָּ Job 33:32; צַדֶּקְתֵּךְ (Ges§ 52 p) Ezekiel 16:52; צַדְּקוֺ Job 32:2; — justify: עַל צַדְּקוֺנַפְשׁוֺ מֵאֱלֹהִים Job 32:2 because he justified himself rather than God (compare Qal 1); make to appear righteous Jeremiah 3:11; Ezekiel 16:51,52 (all with מִן compare); חָפַצְתִּי צַדְּקֶ֑ךָּ Job 33:32 I desire to justify thee (in thy plea, compare Qal 2).
Hiph`il Perfect 1 singular suffix הִצְדַּקְתִּיו 2 Samuel 15:4; 3 masculine plural הִצְדִּיקוּ Deuteronomy 25:1; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַצְדִּיק Isaiah 53:11; 1 singular אַצְדִּיק Exodus 23:7; Job 27:5; Infinitive construct הַצְדִּיק 1 Kings 8:32 2 Chronicles 6:23; Imperative masculine plural הַצְדִּיקוּ Psalm 82:3; Participle מַצְדִּיק Proverbs 17:15, etc.; —
1 do justice, in administering law 2 Samuel 15:4; Psalm 82:3.
2 declare righteous, justify, with accusative (ה)צַדִּיק Deuteronomy 25:1; 1 Kings 8:32 2 Chronicles 6:23; רָשָׁע Exodus 23:7 (E) Isaiah 5:23; Proverbs 17:15; Justify accusers, by recognizing charge as just Job 27:5.
3 justify, vindicate the cause of, save, with accusative, Isaiah 50:8 (of God), with לְ of object Isaiah 53:11 (of servant of ׳י).
4 make righteous, turn to righteousness, Daniel 12:3, compare Aboth Daniel 5:26,27 Bev.
Hithpa`el Imperfect 1 plural נִצְטַדָּ֑ק Genesis 44:16 (J) how shall we justify ourselves, clear ourselves from suspicion?
צָדַק fut. יִצְדַּק pr. to be right, straight, i.q. יָשַׁר as of a straight way (see צֶדֶק Psalms 23:3). (Arab. صدق prop. to be stiff, rigid, e.g. used of a lance; see Schultens, De Defect. Hodiernis Ling. Hebrææ, § 214-224; hence, to be true, sincere. Syr. ܐܕܩܰ to be right, suitable.) Hence
(1) to be just, righteous (gerecht fehn), used of God, Psalms 51:6 of laws, Psalms 19:10.
(2) to have a just cause (Recht haben)
(a) in a forensic sense. Genesis 38:26, צָֽדְקָה מִמֶּנִּי “her (Thamar’s) cause is more just than mine.” Job 9:15, 20 Job 9:20, 10:15 13:18 34:5. Opp. to רָשַׁע to have an unjust cause.
(b) to speak the truth, or what is right, amongst disputants, Job 33:12. Hence
(c) to obtain one’s cause [to be justified, in a forensic sense], Isaiah 45:25.
(3) to be upright, righteous (see צַדִּיק No. 3 ), Job 15:14, 22:3 35:7 followed by לִפְנֵי יְיָ Psalms 143:2 עִם אֵל Job 9:2, 25:4 מֵאֱלוֹהַּ Job 4:17 i.e. in the judgment of God. Also to declare righteous, Ezekiel 16:52.
Niphal, prop. to be declared just; hence to be vindicated from wrongs. Daniel 8:14, נִצְדַּק קֹדֶשׁ Vulg. not amiss, mundabitur sanctuarium.
(1) to render just, or righteous, or innocent (Eccl. Lat. justificavit [to declare righteous]). Ezekiel 16:15, “thou hast justified thy sisters by thy crimes;” i.e. thou hast caused that they should seem almost innocent. Similarly, Jeremiah 3:11, צִדְּקָה נַפְשָׁהּ … יִשְׂרָאֵל מִן וְגו׳ “Israel has justified herself more than Judah,” appears just in comparison with her.
(2) to declare any one just or innocent, Job 33:32 followed by נַפְשׁוֹ oneself, Job 32:2.
(1) to make just, or upright, or pious, by one’s example and doctrine; followed by an acc., Daniel 12:3 followed by לְ [to justify, i.e. declare righteous, see No. 2], Isaiah 53:11.
(2) i.q. Piel No. 2, to declare any one just.
(a) in a forensic sense, to absolve, to acquit, Exodus 23:7; Deuteronomy 25:1; 2 Samuel 15:4; Isaiah 5:23 to make any one’s cause to prevail, Isaiah 50:8.
(b) to declare any one to have given a right opinion (iem. Recht geben), to approve of any one’s opinion; see Kal No. 2, b, Job 27:5.
Hithpael, to purge oneself (from suspicion), Genesis 44:16.
Derived nouns, צִדְקִיָּהוּ־צֶדֶק, צַדִּיק, צָדוֹק.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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