the Second Week of Advent
free while helping to build churches and support pastors in Uganda.
Click here to learn more!
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #04676 - מַצֵּבָה
1) pillar, mastaba, stump
1a1) as monument, personal memorial
1a2) with an altar
1b) (Hophal) stock, stump (of tree)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1. a. pillar, as monument, personal memorial 2 Samuel 18:18 (twice in verse).
b. a stone, set up (שׂים, הציב), and anointed as memorial of divine appearance Genesis 28:18,22; Genesis 31:13 (all E), Genesis 35:14 (J); so also Genesis 33:20 (E), where insert ׳מ, or read ׳מ for ᵑ0מִזְבֵּחַ (We Di Now Archaeology ii.18), set up (שׂים), הרים, חציב in token of an agreement Genesis 31:45,51,52 (twice in verse) (all E); over grave Genesis 35:20 (twice in verse)
c. especially of sacred stones or pillars in connection with altar, erected (בנה) by Moses Exodus 24:4 (E; 12pillars), Hosea 3:4; Hosea 10:1,2; Isaiah 19:19; conjecture also 2 Kings 12:10 for ᵑ0מִזְבֵּחַ Sta ZAW v (1885), 296 Now Archaeology l.c., but dubious, see Benz on the passage; (usually + אֲשֵׁרִים etc.): of Canaanites Exodus 23:24 (E), Exodus 34:13 (J), Deuteronomy 7:5; Deuteronomy 12:3 compare הַבַּלְַ׳מ 2 Kings 3:2; 2 Kings 10:26,27; Tyre, עֻזֵּךְ׳מ, Ezekiel 26:11, of obelisks of Heliopolis in Egypt; condemned for Israel by Deuteronomic code, and Deuteronomist redaction of Kings: Deuteronomy 16:22; 2 Kings 14:23; 2 Kings 17:10; 2 Kings 18:4; 2 Kings 23:14; 2 Chronicles 14:2; 2 Chronicles 31:1; compare Micah 5:12; Leviticus 26:1 (H). — On maƒƒ¢b¹ see further Now Archaeology ii.18f. Benz Archaeology 380f. Dr Deuteronomy 16:21f. We Skizzen iii.99,165 RS Sem.i.184ff. 437.f; 2 d ed. 204ff. 456f.; K. 50. ** On this see also LagrangeÉtudes Bibl. 197 ff. and review by Bau ZMG lvii (1903), 830; also GFM EB MASSEBAH Sta Bib. Theol. i. § 55 OCWhitehouse Hast. DB PILLAR. — Judges 9:6 see [ נָצַב] Hoph`al 2. stock, stump of tree Isaiah 6:13 a (in simile), so Isaiah 6:13 b (figurative; but probably strike out as gloss).
מַצֵּבָה f. const. מַצְּבַת (from the root נָצַב) something set upright, specially
(a) a pillar, Genesis 28:18, 22 Genesis 28:22; Exodus 24:4.
(b) a statue, the image of an idol, e.g. מַצְּבַת הַבַּעַל the statue of Baal, 2 Kings 3:2, 10:26 18:4 23:14 Micah 5:12; Hosea 10:1.