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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #03654 - כֵּן
1) gnat, gnats, gnat-swarm
1244) nk (כנ KN) AC: Stand CO: Root AB: Sure: The pictograph k is a picture of the open palm, the n is a picture of a seed. Combined these mean "opening of a seed". When the seed opens the roots begin to form the base of the plant by going down into the soil. The plant rises out of the ground forming the stalk of the plant. A tall tree can only stand tall and firm because of the strong root system which supports it.
Nm) nk (כנ KN) - I. So:A firmness in a situation. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Firm:A standing tall and firm. An upright person of column. III. Base:The base which provides support as well as a persons home or family as a base. IV. Gnat:Possibly as a firm standing insect. [Unknown connection to root] KJV (74): foot, estate, base, office, place, well, so, thus, like, well, such, howbeit, state, after, that, following, therefore, wherefore, lice, manner - Strongs: H3651 (כֵּן), H3652 (כֵּן), H3653 (כֵּן), H3654 (כֵּן)
Nm) nka (אכנ AKN) - Surely: To be firm in something. [df: Ka] KJV (40): also, but, certainly, even, howbeit, least, nevertheless, notwithstanding, only, save, scarce, surely, sure, truly, verily, wherefore, yet - Strongs: H389 (אַךְ), H403 (אָכֵן)
V) nek (כהנ KHN) - Adorn: To put on special ornaments or garments for a special office or event. (see Isaiah 61:10) KJV (23): (vf: Piel) minister, execute, deck, office, priest - Strongs: H3547 (כָּהַן)
V) nfk (כונ KWN) - Firm: To set something firmly in place, either physically or with words. KJV (219): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal) prepare, establish, ready, provide, right, fix, set, direct, order, fashion, certain, confirm, firm - Strongs: H3559 (כּוּן)
- A2267 Xnk (Gather)
- A2268 Onk (Lower, Bundle, Humility)
- A2894 Plt (Hang)
- A2271 Snk (Gather)
- A2272 Tnk (Associate)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
noun [masculine], meaning dubious; either gnat, gnats, gnat-swarm (so ᵐ5ᵑ9 <TOPIC:Philo Judaeus> Philo Vita Mos. i, p. 97, <TOPIC:Origen>Origen Hom. 4,6 in Ex., and most moderns), or [louse,] lice (so ᵑ6ᵑ7 Jos Ant. ii. 14. 13Boch Hieroz. II, ii, 572f., as Late Hebrew כִּנָּה, plural כִּנִּים = maggots, and especially lice) — absolute perhaps כֵּן Isaiah 51:6 (see below); plural כִּנִּים Exodus 8:13; Exodus 8:14; Psalm 105:31, כִּנִּם Exodus 8:12; Exodus 8:13; Exodus 8:14 has, also, כִּנָּם probably a mere Masoretic device for כִּנִּם (compare Di), on account of preceding וַתְּהִי (on which see Ges§ 145. 4Da Synt. § 116); ⅏ has כנים throughout: — of Egyptian plague Exodus 8:12; Exodus 8:13 (twice in verse); Exodus 8:14 (twice in verse) (all P), hence Psalm 105:31; כְּמוֺכֵֿן יְמוּתוּן Isaiah 51:6 like a gnatswarm (?) shall they die (compare Di Du; Weir Che read כנים, compare Buhl p. 355; > Brd De like this).
Note. — Nö M 54 Ba NB § 15, Esther 53 Buhl Ges HWB ed. 12 connect this word etymologically with Aramaic כלמתא vermin, Ba and Buhl also with Assyrian kalmatu, id. [Dl HWB 333], and even with Aramaic קלמתא, , Arabic , etc., Ethiopic louse; but these connections, as well as that with Late Hebrew כְּנִימָה, all involving radical מ, are most improbable