the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
Click to donate today!
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #03533 - כָּבַשׁ
1) to subject, subdue, force, keep under, bring into bondage
1a1) to bring into bondage, make subservient
1a2) to subdue, force, violate
1a3) to subdue, dominate, tread down
1b) (Niphal) to be subdued
1c) (Piel) to subdue
1d) (Hiphil) to bring into bondage
V) sbk (כבסה KBSh) - Subdue: To place the foot on the land in the sense of subduing it. Also to place ones foot into another nation in the sense of subduing it. KJV (15): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) subdue, subjection, bondage, under, force - Strongs: H3533 (כָּבַשׁ)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 plural וְכָֽבְשׁוּ consecutive Zechariah 9:15; Imperfect יִכְבּוֺשׁ Micah 7:19; וַיִּכְבְּשׁוּם Jeremiah 34:11 Qr (Kt Hiph), etc.; Imperative plural suffix כִּבְשֻׁהָ Genesis 1:28; Infinitive כְּבוֺשׁ 2 Chronicles 28:10; Esther 7:8; Participle כֹּבְשִׁים Nehemiah 5:5; —
1 bring into bondage, followed by accusative + לַעֲבָדִים Jeremiah 34:11,16; 2 Chronicles 28:10; Nehemiah 5:5.
2 (late) subdue, force, a woman Esther 7:8 (= earlier עִנָּה).
3 subdue, dominate, the earth Genesis 1:28 (P), Zechariah 9:15 (of conquest); tread down, followed by אַבְנֵיקֶֿלַע; figurative subdue, followed by עֲוֺנֹתֵינוּ Micah 7:19.
Niph`al Perfect 3 feminine singular נִכְבְּשָׁה Joshua 18:1 3t.; Participle feminine plural נִכְבָּשׁוֺת Nehemiah 5:5; — passive of Qal 1, subject בְּנוֺתֵינוּ Nehemiah 5:5; of Qal 3, subject הָאָרֶץ (of conquest) Numbers 32:22,29; Joshua 18:1 (all P), 1 Chronicles 22:18.
Pi`el Perfect כִּבֵּשׁ 2 Samuel 8:11, object גּוֺיִם (of conquest).
Hiph`il Imperfect bring into bondage, followed by accusative + לַעֲבָדִים Jeremiah 34:11 Kt (Qr Qal).
כָּבַשׁ fut. יִכְבּוֹשׁ
(1) to tread with the feet, to trample under feet, kindred to the root כָּבַס. Zechariah 9:15, וְכָֽבְשׁוּ אַבְנֵי־פֶלַע “they shall tread with their feet the stones of the sling,” i.e. shall easily turn them aside, so as not to be hurt (compare Job 41:20, 21 Job 41:21). Micah 7:19, יִכְבּוֹשׁ עֲוֹנֹתֵינוּ “he treads down our iniquities,” i.e. disregards them, does not avenge, them.
(2) to subject, to subdue to oneself, e.g. of. beasts, with regard to man, Genesis 1:28 enemies, slaves, a hostile country, Numbers 32:22, 29 Numbers 32:29[In Niph.]; 2 Chronicles 28:10; Jeremiah 34:11; Nehemiah 5:5. Comp. רָדָה.
(3) to force a woman, Esther 7:8. (Arab. كَبَسَ.)
Piel, to subject, i.q. Kal No. 2, 2 Samuel 8:11. [“Hiph. i.q. Kal No. 2, Jeremiah 34:11 כתיב.”]
(1) pass. of Kal No. 2, Numbers 32:22, 29 Numbers 32:29; Joshua 18:1.
(2) pass. of No. 3; Nehemiah 5:5, at the end. Hence