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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #02555 - חָמָס
V) xmh (ההמס HhMS) - Shake: To shake someone or something violently. To do a wrong to another as a shaking. KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Niphal) violence, violate, shake, wrong, violent, take, bare - Strongs: H2554 (חָמַס)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) violence, wrong, oppression, Genesis 6:11, 13 49:5. אִישׁ חָמָס Psalms 18:49; Proverbs 3:31, and אִישׁ חֲמָסִים 2 Samuel 22:49; Psalms 140:2, Psalms 140:5, the violent man. עֵד חָמָס a witness of wrong, i.e. a false witness, Exodus 23:1. The genitive and suffix may refer either to him who does the wrong, or to him who suffers wrong. Of the former the following are examples, חֲמָסוֹ his wrong, i.e. the wrong which he causes, Psalms 7:17 חֲמַס יְדֵיהֶם 58, 3, compare Ezekiel 12:19 of the latter are חֲמָסִי the wrong done to me, Genesis 16:5 חֲמַס בְּנֵי יְהוּרָה Joel 4:19 also Judges 9:24; Obadiah 1:10; Habakkuk 2:8, 17 Habakkuk 2:17; Jeremiah 51:35. (So also the Latin word injuria, e.g. Cæs., Bell, Gall., i. 30, “pro veteribus Helvetiorum injuriis populi Romani,” i.e. populo Romano illatis, on which see intpp.; also Heinrich ad Cic. part. inedit., p. 21.)
(2) that which is gained by violence and wrong, Amos 3:10. [“Plural id., Proverbs 4:17.”]
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