the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #02236 - זָרַק
1) to scatter, sprinkle, toss, throw, scatter abundantly, strew
1a) (Qal) to scatter, sprinkle, toss
1b) (Pual) to be sprinkled
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect ׳ז Exodus 24:6; Leviticus 17:6, suffix זְרָקוֺ Exodus 9:8, זָָֽרְקָה Hosea 7:9 (12t. Perfect); Imperfect יִזְרֹק Leviticus 7:2 16t.; Infinitive לִזְרֹק Ezekiel 43:18; Imperative זְרֹק Ezekiel 10:2; Participle זֹרֵק Leviticus 7:14, plural זֹרְקִים 2 Chronicles 30:16;
1 toss (in handfuls, see Exodus 9:8; or from a bowl, מִזְרָק; opposed to הִזָּה to sprinkle with the finger):
a. cummin Isaiah 28:25, dust, followed by עַל 2 Chronicles 34:4; Job 2:12, ashes השׁמימה, heavenward, Exodus 9:8,10 (P), coals of fire על העיר Ezekiel 10:2.
b. blood, על (ה)מזבה throw (from a bowl) against the altar Exodus 24:6 (JE), Leviticus 17:6 (H), Numbers 18:17 (P), 2 Kings 16:13,15; Ezekiel 43:18, especially in the ritual, על חמזבח סביב against the altar round about Exodus 29:16,20; Leviticus 1:5,11; Leviticus 3:2,8,13; Leviticus 7:2; Leviticus 8:19,24; Leviticus 9:12,18 (all P); followed by על העם Exodus 24:8 (JE), followed by המזבחה 2 Chronicles 29:22 (3t. in verse); without designation of place Leviticus 7:14 (P), 2 Chronicles 30:16; 35:11.
c. water for purification, followed by על, Ezekiel 36:25.
2 intransitive (si vera lectio) Hosea 7:9 גַּם שֵׂיבָה זָָֽרְקָה בּוֺ grey hairs are profuse upon him (? read זָָֽרְחָה, as in 2 Chronicles 26:19).
Pu`al Perfect זֹרַק, of water of purification poured over (עַל) one defiled by a corpse Numbers 19:18,20 (P).
זָרַק to scatter (a kindred root to זָרָה, זָרַע)
(a) dry things, such as dust, Job 2:12; 2 Chronicles 34:4 cinders, Exodus 9:8, 10 live coals, Ezekiel 10:2.
(b) more often liquid things (to sprinkle, fprengen), such as water, Numbers 19:13 blood, Exodus 24:6, 29:16, 20 Exodus 29:20; Leviticus 1:5, 11 3:2, and often besides. Followed by עַל to sprinkle upon, Exod. loc. cit. Intrans. Hosea 7:9, שֵׂיבָה זָרְֽקָה בוֹ גַּם “grey hairs also are scattered upon him.” Compare the Lat. spargere, in the same sense, Prop. iii. 4, 24, and Arab. ذرأ to scatter, Med. E. to be grey on the front of the head (prop. to be sprinkled over with grey hairs, to begin to be grey).
Pual, pass. Numbers 19:13, 20 Numbers 19:20.