the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #01413 - גָּדַד
1) to penetrate, cut, attack, invade
1a) (Qal) to penetrate, cut into
1b1) to cut oneself
1b2) to gather in troops or crowds
V) ddc (גדד GDD) - I. Band:To gather or assemble as a group for attacking or raiding. II. Slice:To cut something by slicing it. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (10): (vf: Paal) cut, gather together, assemble by troop, gather, hew - Strongs: H1413 (גָּדַד), H1414 (גְּדַד)
M) dic (גיד GYD) AC: ? CO: Sinew AB: ?: The animals tendon is used for making bowstrings and cords. The tendon is removed by making a slit in the flesh for its removal. The sinews are used for making cordage and bowstrings.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Imperfect Psalm 94:21 יָג֯וֺדּוּ עַלנֶֿפֶשׁצַדִּיִק they attack (penetrate, make inroads upon) the life of a righteous man (Ol proposes יָגוּרוּ compare Psalm 56:7; Psalm 59:4 where, however, Che יגודו; si vera lectio, perhaps denominative from גְּדוּד compare Hosea 6:9 & below; compare also גוד & Kö i. 356).
Hithpo`el Imperfect יִתְגֹּדַד Jeremiah 16:6; 2 feminine singular תִּתְגֹּדֲדִי Micah 4:14, תִּתְגּוֺדָ֑דִי Jeremiah 47:5; plural וַיִּתְגֹּדְדוּ 1 Kings 18:28, יִתְגּוֺדָ֑דוּ Jeremiah 5:7 + Hosea 7:11 see below, תִּתְגֹּדְדוּ Deuteronomy 14:1; Participle plural מִתְגֹּדְדִים Jeremiah 41:5; —
1 cut oneself, as religious (heathen) practice 1 Kings 18:28; practised also by men of Schechem, etc. in worship of ׳י (late) Jeremiah 41:5; for the dead, forbidden Deuteronomy 14:1 לֹא תִתְגֹּדְדוּוְלאֹ תָשִׂימוּ קָרְחָה בֵּין עֵינֵיכֶם לָמֵת, Jeremiah 16:6; compare Jeremiah 47:5 (subject Philistia personified); also for ᵑ0יִתְגּוֺרָ֖רוּ Hosea 7:14 Codd, they cut themselves, ᵐ5 Gr Che RVm, We Now Marti Harper (compare I, II. גּוּר).
2 gather in troops, or bands; go in troops or throngs, throng; (denominative from גְּדוּד q. v.) compare תִּתְגֹּדֲדִיבַתגְּֿדוּד Micah 4:14 (addressed to Jerusalem); Jeremiah 5:7 ׳וּבֵית זוֺנָה יִתְגּ and to a harlot's house they throng. ** read probably יִתְגֹּרָ֑רוּᵐ5 Gie Du and others.
גָּדַד fut. יָגֹד
(1) to cut into, to cut; Arab. جَدَّ to prune a vine, to cut cloth from the loom. Compare Ch. גָּדַד. (Kindred roots are גָּדָה, גָּדַע. This signification of cutting, hewing, belongs to the syllable גד in common with the sibilated גז, see גָּזַז, from which it springs, by taking the sibilant away: both of these are softened forms from the harsher syllables קץ, קשׁ, כס, חץ, חז, and (with the sibilant taken away) קט, קד, חט, חד; in all of which there is the power of cutting: see the roots גָּזַז, קָצַץ, חָצַץ, קָדַד, חָדַד. In the Indo-Germanic languages, compare cœdo, scindo, σχίζω for σχίδω, Pers. حيدن to cleave, خودن i.q. Engl. to cut.) From the idea of cutting is
(2) to penetrate, to break in upon, i.q. גּוּד. Psalms 94:21, followed by עַל. Hence גְּדוּד and Hithpoel. From the idea of cutting off, defining, is
(3) the signification of lot and fortune (compare גְּזַר No. 2), whence, Heb. גַּד, גָּד fortune.
(1) to cut oneself, to make incisions on one’s skin, as in mourning, Jeremiah 16:6, 41:5 47:5 or as afflicting the body for any cause, Deuteronomy 14:1; 1 Kings 18:28.
(2) reflect. of Kal No. 2, fich drängen, zufammendrängen, to crowd in great numbers into one place, Jeremiah 5:7 Mic. 4:14.
Derivatives, גַּד, גָּד, גְּדוּד, and pr.n. גַּדִּי, גַּדִּיאֵל, מְגִדּוֹ.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.