the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #5521 - χολή
- bile, gall
- in the OT used of other bitter things
- possibly myrrh
gall, bile, Archil. 131, A. Ch. 184, E. Fr. 682, Th. 2.49, etc.; χ. μέλαινα black, i. e. diseased, bile, Hp. Aph. 4.23, Pl. Ti. 83c (but, = μελαγχολία, Men. Epit. 459); ξανθὴ χ. Hp. VM 19; πυρρά Gal. 15.658; χολὴν ἐμεῖν, βῆξαι, Nicopho 12, Herod. 3.70 (prob. l.): prov., πικρῷ πικρὰν κλύζουσι φαρμάκῳ χολήν S. Fr. 854; πικρότερ' αὐτῆς τῆς χ. Alex. 16.12; χολῇ ἀλείφειν, prov. of giving one a disgust for a thing, from the custom of mothers putting gall to the nipple when the child was to be weaned, Diph. 74.
2. pl. χολαί, gall-bladder, S. Ant. 1010; called δοχαὶ χολῆς, E. El. 828; also in sg., A. Pr. 495; χολὴν τῶν ζῴων τὰ μὲν ἔχει τὰ δ' οὐκ ἔχει Arist. HA 506a20, cf. PA 677b11.
3. metaph. (mostly in Poets) like χόλος (q. v.), bile, gall, i. e. bitter anger, wrath, Ar. Pax 66; ἢ γυναιξὶν οὐκ οἴει χολὴν ἐνεῖναι; Id. Lys. 465; οὐδεὶς χολὴν οὐδ' ὀργὴν ἔχων φανήσεται D. 25.27; πάνυ ἐστ' ἤδη χ. stirs my bile, makes me sick, Ar. Ra. 4; ἐπιζεῖ χ. the bile boils over, Id. Th. 468; χολὴν κινεῖν Id. V. 403, cf. Pherecr. 69.
II ink of the cuttle-fish, Nic. Al. 473, Th. 561.
III in LXX = Hebr. rôsh, a poisonous plant, variously called hemlock or poppy, Psalms 69:22(68).22, Jeremiah 8:14. serpent's venom, χ. ἀσπίδος ib. Job 20:14; of the hydra's venom, Apollod. 2.5.2, D.S. 4.11. bitter drink, Matthew 27:34. (With χολή, χόλος, cf. Lat. fel, ONorse gall, etc., 'bile, gall': — prob. the name is derived from the colour of bile, and is cogn. with Lat. (h) olus, helvus, Germ. gelb 'yellow', perh. also χλόη.)
χολή, χολῆς, ἡ (equivalent to χόλος, from χέω to pour out (now thought to be connected with χλόη, χλωρός, etc. 'yellowish green'; cf. Curtius, § 200; Vanicek, p. 247)), first found in Archilochus (
1. bile, gall: Matthew 27:34 (cf. the Sept. Psalm 68:22
2. in the O. T. it is also used of other bitter things; for לַעֲנָה, wormwood, Proverbs 5:4; Lamentations 3:15; hence, some understand the word in Matthew 27:34 to mean myrrh, on account of Mark 15:23; but see σμυρνίζω, 2; (B. D. as above).
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";advantage,"; ";benefit."; The form ὠφέλια, which is read in Romans 3:1, Judges 1:16, was already classical, and is also found in the papyri and inscrr. (always in Attic inscrr., Meisterhans Gr. p. 56), e.g. P Oxy XII. 1409.11 (A.D. 278) τὴν γὰρ ἀπὸ τῶν ἔργων τούτων γεινομένην ὠϕ ̣[έλι ]α ̣ν πάντας ε ̣[ἰδέναι πέ ]πεισμαι, ";for I am persuaded that every one is aware of the benefit resulting from these works (sc. repairing of the dykes)"; (Edd.), ib. 1477.4 (question to an oracle-iii/iv A.D.) εἶ ἔχω ὠφέλιαν ἀπὸ τοῦ φίλου; ";am I to obtain benefit from my friend?"; Priene II.5 (c. B.C. 297) ὑ [πὸ τῆ ]ς ὠφελίας, and Cagnat IV. 946.11.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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