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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5411 - φόρος

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G5342)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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  1. tribute, esp. the annual tax levied upon houses, lands, and persons
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1094 ‑ בְּלוֹא (bel‑o', bel‑o'ee);  1980 ‑ הָלַךְ (haw‑lak');  4060 ‑ מִדָּה (mid‑daw');  4522 ‑ מִס (mas, mees);  6064 ‑ עָנַשׁ (aw‑nash');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Luke 2
Romans 3
NAS (5)
Luke 2
Romans 3
HCS (5)
Luke 2
Romans 3
BSB (5)
Luke 2
Romans 3
ESV (4)
Luke 1
Romans 3
WEB (5)
Luke 2
Romans 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φόρος, ὁ,


that which is brought in by way of payment, tribute, φόρου ἀπαγωγή Hdt. 1.6, 27, cf. IG 12.65.2, al., Th. 1.96, etc.; ξυμμάχους φόρου ὑποτελεῖς subject to pay tribute, Id. 1.56; φόρον ὑποτελέειν to pay tribute, Hdt. 1.171, cf. Isoc. 12.116; ἀπάγειν Ar. V. 707 (anap.); φέρειν Id. Av. 191, X. An. 5.5.7, Ath. 2.1; πόλεις ἃς οἱ ἰδιῶται ἐνέγραψαν φ. φέρειν IG 12.212.88; φ. τάξασθαι to agree to pay it Hdt. 3.13; φόρον ταῖς πόλεσι τάξαι to fix their quotas of tribute, And. 4.11, cf. Isoc. 4.120, D. 23.209, Aeschin. 2.23; φ. δέχεσθαι to receive it, Th. 1.96 (of the Ἑλληνοταμίαι), cf. X. Ath. 3.2; φ. προσῄει it came in, And. 3.9; τὸν φ. ἀπὸ τῶν πόλεων τὸν προσιόντα Ar. V. 657 (anap.): pl., φόροι ἥκουσιν Id. Ach. 505, cf. Eq. 313 (troch.): ὁ βασιλικὸς φ., at Sparta, Pl. Alc. 1.123a.

2. generally, any payment, φόρον ἀπέφερον τῷ δήμῳ X. Smp. 4.32; κατὰ φόρους by instalments, Senatus consultum ap. Plb. 18.44.7; ἐπιβαλλειν φ. impose a forced levy, Plu. Ant. 24.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

φόρος, φόρου, (from φέρω, hence, properly, φέρεται; cf. φόβος), from Herodotus down, the Sept. for מַס and (2 Esdr. 4:20 2Esdr. 6:8; Nehemiah 5:4) for מִדָּה, tribute, especially the annual tax levied upon houses, lands, and persons (cf. Thomas Magister, Ritschl edition, p. 387, 13; Grotius as quoted in Trench, § 107:7; see τέλος, 2): φόρον, φόρους διδόναι, Καίσαρι, Luke 20:22; Luke 23:2 (1 Macc. 8:4, 7); ἀποδιδόναι, Romans 13:7; τέλειν, Romans 13:6.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φόρος , .-ου ,

(<φέρω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H4522, also for H4060, etc.;]

tribute paid by a subject nation (cf. 1 Maccabees 10:33): φ . δοῦναι (1 Maccabees 8:4; 1 Maccabees 8:7), Luke 20:22; Luke 23:2; ἀποδοῦναι , Romans 13:7; τελεῖν , Romans 13:6 (Hdt., al.).†

SYN.: κῆνσος G2778, τέλος G5056 (q.v.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";a cloak"; worn over the χιτών (Mat. 27:28; Mat. 27:31) : P Cairo Zen II. 59263.2 (B.C. 251) ἔγραψέν μοι Μαιανδρία ὅτι χλαμύδα αὐτὴν κελεύεις ἐξυφᾶναι, ";Maiandria wrote me that you are ordering her to weave a cloak,"; P Par 10.12 (B.C. 145) περὶ τὸ σῶμα χλαμύδα καὶ περίζωμα, P Oxy I. 123.19 (iii/iv A.D.) ἐκ ̣[ε ]λεύσθημεν γὰρ μετὰ τῶν χλαμύδων εἰσβῆναι, ";for the orders which we received were to wear cloaks when we entered"; (Edd.), with reference to an official function, and ib. X. 1288.24 (private account—iv/A.D.) χλαμύδος καὶ στιχάρ [ι ]ο ̣ν (= -ου) (τάλ.) ιζ ̄, ";for a short cloak and tunic 17 tal.";

The word occurs in the epitaph or a prematurely deceased youth, Kaibel 211 (Rom.)—

ἄρτι γὰρ ἐκ χ [λ ]αμύδος νεοπενθὴς ᾤχετ᾽ ἐς Ἅδα


where the reference is to the cloak which the ephebi wore (see Herwerden, Lex. s.v.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
φόροι φορον φόρον φόρος φορόυ φόρου φορους φόρους φόρων phoron phóron phorous phórous
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