the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #5132 - τράπεζα
- a table
- a table on which food is placed, an eating place
- the table in the temple at Jerusalem on which the consecrated loaves were placed
- equiv. to the food placed upon the table
- to set a table
- put food before one
- a banquet, feast
- a table on which food is placed, an eating place
- the table or stand of a money changer, where he sits, exchanging different kinds of money for a fee (agio), and paying back with interest loans or deposits
τράπεζ-α [τρᾰ], ης, ἡ,
Dor. τράπεσδα Alcm. 74b: —
table, esp. dining-table, eating-table, freq. in Hom., Τηλεμάχοιο τ., ἐμὴ τ., Od. 17.333, 447, cf. IG 12.330.4, Men. 518.2; τ. παραθεῖναι Hdt. 6.139, Alex. 171; παρέκειτο τ. Il. 24.476; τ. εἰσφέρειν, ἐπάγειν, Ar. V. 1216, Anaxandr. 2 (but ἐσῄρετο is prob. cj.); ἡ τ. εἰσῄρετο Ar. Ra. 518; τ. ἀφαιρεῖν Od. 19.61, X. Smp. 2.1 (Pass.); αἴρειν Men. 273, cf. 451; ἐκφέρειν Pl.Com. 69.2; ξενίη τ. the hospitable board, ἴστω Ζεύς.. ξενίη τε τ. Od. 14.158, cf. 21.28; ᾔσχυνε ξενίαν τ. κλοπαῖσι A. Ag. 401 (lyr.), cf. 701 (lyr.); ὅρκον μέγαν, ἅλας τε καὶ τράπεζαν Archil. 96, cf. Wilcken Chr. 11.58 (ii B. C.); ἡ ξενικὴ τ. Aeschin. 3.224; τοὺς τῆς πόλεως ἅλας καὶ τὴν δημοσίαν τ. Id. 2.22; δέξασθαι τραπέζῃ καὶ κοίτῃ entertain at bed and board, Hdt. 5.20; κοίτης μεθέξουσα καὶ τραπέζης μόνον Plu. Brut. 13; ἐπὶ τὰς αὐτὰς τ. ἰέναι Antipho 2.1.10; τράπεζαν Περσικὴν παρετίθετο he kept a table in the Persian fashion, Th. 1.130; τ. κοσμεῖν X. Cyr. 8.2.6, etc.; εἰς ἀλλοτρίαν τ. ἀποβλέπειν live at other men's table, at their expense, Id. An. 7.2.33; τὴν τ. ἀνατρέπειν upset the table, D. 19.198; prov. of a spendthrift, And. 1.130; table dedicated to the gods, on which meats and offerings were set out, IG 12.190.4, 840.19, 22.1245.6, 1534.163, 1933.2, Din. 3.2; τ. ἱερά PCair.Zen. 708 (iii B. C.); ἐπὶ τὴν τ. τῶν Διοσκόρων ib. 569.24 (iii B. C.); τ. Κυρίου, τ. δαιμονίων, 1 Corinthians 10:21.
2. table, as implying what is upon it, meal, ἄνομος τ. Hdt. 1.162, cf. E. Alc. 2, X. An. 7.3.22; also βορᾶς τ. S. OT 1464; Συρακοσίων τ., prov. of luxurious living, Ar. Fr. 216, cf. Pl. R. 404d; Σικελικαὶ τ. prov. ap. Jul. Or. 6.203a; πολυτελὴς τ. Epicur. Ephesians 3 p.64U.; δεύτεραι τ. the second course, Plu. 2.133e, Ath. 14.639b; cf. τράγημα.
II money-changer's counter, ἐν ἀγορᾷ ἐπὶ τῶν τ. Pl. Revelation 17:1-18 c, cf. Plu. 2.70f; αἱ τ. τῶν κολλυβιστῶν Matthew 21:12; most freq. bank, Lys 9.5, etc.; ἡ ἐργασία ἡ τῆς τ. the right to operate the bank, D. 36.6; ἡ ἐγγύη ἡ ἐπὶ τὴν τ. security given to the bank, Id. 33.10; δοῦναι ἀργύριον ἐπὶ τ. Luke 19:23; τὸ ἐπὶ τὴν τ. χρέως D. 33.24; οἱ ἐπὶ ταῖς τ. bankers, Isoc. 17.2; κατασκευάζεσθαι τράπεζαν set up a bank, Isa Fr. 66; τῆς τ. ἀνασκευασθείσης the bank having been broken, D. 33.9; δημοσία τ. public bank at Delos, IG 22.2336.180 (i B. C.); in Egypt, POxy. 835 (Aug.), etc.; βασιλικὴ τ. in Egypt, PEleph. 27.22 (iii B. C.), PTeb. 27.70 (ii B. C.), etc.; χειριστὴς τῆς ἐν τῇ Πολέμωνος μερίδι τ. PEnteux. 38.1 (iii B. C.); opp. ἰδιωτικὴ τ. POxy. 305 (i A. D.), etc.; κολλυβιστικαὶ τ. ib. 1411.4 (iii A. D.).
III any table or flat surface on which a thing rests: as, 1 cross bench in which the mast is fixed, Sch. Il. 15.729; τ. δολωνική, v. δολωνικός.
2. platform on which slaves were exposed for sale, Ar. Fr. 874.
3. tablet or slab with a relief or inscription, τ. χαλκῆ Orac. ap. D. 21.53, cf. Paus. 8.31.3; at a tomb, Plu. 2.838c.
4. plinth of a statue, CIG 4702.7 (Egypt, iv B. C.). lamp- stand, PSI 4.428.39 (iii B. C.).
5. nether millstone, BGU 251.17 (i A. D.), Poll. 7.19.
6. part of a torsion engine, prob. the plinth, Ph. Bel. 54.2, Hero Bel. 100.1.
7. part of the liver, Nic. Th. 560, Polyaen. 4.20, Ruf. Onom. 180.
8. shoulder-blade, Poll. 2.177.
9. grinding surface of the teeth, ib. 93, Ruf. Onom. 54. (The word is shortd. from τετράπεζα; hence the question καὶ πόθεν ἐγὼ τρίπουν τ. λήψομαι; as if this were an absurdity, Ar. Fr. 530; τ. τρισκελεῖς Cratin. 301: — so τρίπεζα, τρέπεδδα (qq. v.), of three-legged tables.)
τράπεζα, τραπέζης, ἡ (from τέτρα, and πέζα a foot), from Homer Idown, the Sept. for שֻׁלְחָן, a table;
a. a table on which food is placed, an eating-table: Matthew 15:27; Mark 7:28; Luke 16:21; Luke 19:23; Luke 22:21, 30; the table in the temple at Jerusalem on which the consecrated loaves were placed (see πρόθεσις, 1), Hebrews 9:2.
b. equivalent to the food placed upon the table (cf. Fritzsche on Additions to
c. a banquet, feast (from Herodotus down): Romans 11:9 (from Psalm 68:23
2. the table or stand of a money-changer, where he sits, exchanging different kinds of money for a fee (agio), and paying back with interest loans or deposits (Lysias, Isocrates, Demosthenes, Aristotle, Josephus, Plutarch, others): Matthew 21:12; Mark 11:15; John 2:15; τό ἀργύριον διδόναι ἐπί (τήν) τράπεζαν, to put the money into a (the) bank at interest, Luke 19:23.
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τράπεζα , -ης , ἡ ,
[in LXX chiefly for H7979, also for H3899, etc.;]
1. a table, dining-table: Matthew 15:27, Mark 7:28, Luke 16:21; Luke 19:23; Luke 22:21; Luke 22:30; of the table of shewbread, Hebrews 9:2. By meton., of food provided (v. DB, iv, 670 a): Acts 16:34, Romans 11:9 (LXX) 1 Corinthians 10:21; διακονεῖν ταῖς τ ., Acts 6:2 (cf. Page, in l, but v. infr.).
2. A money-changer's table, a bank (Dem., Arist., al.): Matthew 21:12, Mark 11:15, Luke 19:23, John 2:15; so also acc to Dr. Field (Notes, 113), Acts 6:2 (but v. supr.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Compounds of ὑπέρ are a marked feature of the Pauline vocabulary, especially in the second chronological group of the Epp. : see Ellicott ad Ephesians 3:20, and Lightfoot Notes, pp. 46 f., 294. The present verb is found intransitively in 2 Thessalonians 1:3 (Vg supercrescit, Beza vehementer augescat, Wycl. ouer wexith) : the lexicons cite Callisthenes ap. Stobaeus Flor. 100, 14.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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