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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #5003 - ταλαιπωρέω

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  1. to toil heavily, to endure labours and hardships
  2. to be afflicted
  3. to feel afflicted and miserable
  4. to afflict
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5753 ‑ עָוָה (aw‑vaw');  7703 ‑ שָׁדַד (shaw‑dad');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
James 1
NAS (1)
James 1
HCS (1)
James 1
BSB (1)
James 1
ESV (1)
James 1
WEB (1)
James 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


pf. τεταλαιπώρηκα Isoc. 8.19, etc.: Pass., with fut. Med. -ήσομαι Aristid. 1.438 J.: aor. ἐταλαιπωρήθην Isoc. 3.64, etc.: pf. τεταλαιπώρημαι Gal. 6.560:

do hard work, endure hardship or distress, E. Or. 672, Th. 1.99, 5.74; ὑπὸ χειμῶνος Id. 2.101; ἑωυτοῖσι for their own benefit, Hp. Aër. 16; ἐθέλουσα ταλαιπωρεῖν Antipho 5.93; τῷ σώματι ἀδύνατος ταλαιπωρεῖν Lys. 31.12; λυποῦνται καὶ συνεχῶς ταλαιπωροῦσι D. 2.16: c. dat., suffer by reason of, ἐλπίσι κεναῖς Polystr.p.31 W.

II rarely trans., distress, trouble, ὁ πόλεμος πάντας τρόπους τεταλαιπώρηκεν ἡμᾶς Isoc. 8.19, cf. D.C. 38.20; ἀνδρὸς.. ὑμᾶς μηδ' ὅσον προπέμψαι ποι αὐτὸν ἀπιόντα.. -ήσαντος who did not trouble you even to.., Id. 56.41: freq. in Pass., to be distressed, suffer hardship, Hp. Aër. 19, Th. 3.78 (s.v.l.), Pl. Phd. 95d, R. 372d; ἐν τοῖς ἀγροῖς.. ταλαιπωρουμένους Ar. Pl. 224; ἵνα μὴ ταλαιπωροῖτο μηδ' ἄχθος φέροι Id. Ra. 24, cf. V. 967; τεταλαιπωρημένοι ὑπὸ τῆς νόσου worn out by.., Th. 3.3; τῷ μήκει τοῦ πολέμου D. 18.19; διὰ τὸν πόλεμον Isoc. 5.38; τὸ σῶμα ταλαιπωρούμενον being distressed, Plu. Brut. 37; σμικρὰ παιδία.. κρύει ταλαιπωρούμενα Gal. 6.43; ἐν ταῖς ὁσημέραι πράξεσι πολλὰ -ούμενος ib.471.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ταλαιπωρέω, ταλαιπώρω: 1 aorist imperative ταλαιπωρήσατε; (τλαιπωρος, which see); from Euripides, and Thucydides down; the Sept. for שָׁדַד;

a. to toil heavily, to endure labors and hardships; to be afflicted; to feel afflicted and miserable: James 4:9.

b. in Greek writings and the Sept. also transitively (cf. Liddell and Scott, under the word, II.), to afflict: Psalm 16:9 (); Isaiah 33:1.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ταλαιπωρέω , -

(<ταλαίπωρος ),

[in LXX Chiefly for H7703 pu.;]

1. to do hard labour, suffer hardship or distress: James 4:9.

2. In cl. occasionally trans., to weary, distress (so Psalms 17:9, Isaiah 33:1).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this proper name, see the invitation to dinner εἰς τὰ Τίτου τοῦ (ἐκατοντάρχου) [ἀπὸ ὥρας ] θ ̄, ";at the house of Titus the centurion at 9 o’clock"; (P Fay 132.4—iii/A.D.) Numerous other reff. are given by Preisigke Namenbuch s.v. On the probability that Titus, Paul’s companion, was the brother of Luke, see Souter Exp T xviii. pp. 285, 335 f.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εταλαιπώρηθησαν εταλαιπώρησα εταλαιπωρήσαμεν εταλαιπώρησεν ταλαιπωρησάντων ταλαιπωρησατε ταλαιπωρήσατε ταλαιπωρήσουσιν ταλαιπωρούμεν ταλαιπωρούντες ταλαιπωρούσιν τεταλαιπώρηκε τεταλαιπώρηκεν talaiporesate talaiporḗsate talaipōrēsate talaipōrḗsate