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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4914 - συνήθεια

from a compound of (G4862) and (G2239)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
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  1. intercourse (with one), intimacy
  2. custom
  3. a being used to, accustomed
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
John 1
1 Corinthians 1
NAS (3)
John 1
1 Corinthians 2
HCS (3)
John 1
1 Corinthians 2
BSB (3)
John 1
1 Corinthians 2
ESV (3)
John 1
1 Corinthians 2
WEB (2)
John 1
1 Corinthians 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

συνήθεια, ἡ,

habitual intercourse, acquaintance, intimacy, αἱ πρὸς ἀλλήλους ς. Isoc. 1.1; διατριβαὶ καὶ -θειαι μετά τινων Aeschin. 2.23; ἡ τῶν φίλων ς. ib.152; ς. καὶ φιλία Arist. GA 753a12; ἡ πολιτικὴ ς. Id. EN 1181a11; τὰς τῶν φαύλων ς. ὀλίγος χρόνος διέλυσε Isoc. 1.1; ὅπως ἂν αἱ ς. διαζευχθῶσιν Arist. Pol. 1319b26; καὶ αὐτῷ δέ μοί εἰσι ς. PCair.Zen. 42.2 (iii B.C.); ὢν ἡμῖν ἐν συνηθείᾳ PMich.Zen. 82.3 (iii B.C.). sexual intercourse, X. Cyr. 6.1.31 (v.l.); ς. ἔχειν μετὰ γυναικός Plu. 2.310e; πρὸς γυναῖκα Vett.Val. 288.23.

2. of animals, herding together, Arist. HA 575b19; νέμεσθαι κατὰ συνηθείας in herds, ib. 611a7, cf. Ael. NA 2.31; so of soldiers, κατὰ συνηθείας in messes, Plb. 35.4.14.

II habit, custom, h.Merc. 485 (pl.), Hp. VM 3, Pl. R. 516a, etc.; pl., φαῦλαι ς. bad habits, Epicur. Sent.Vat. 46; κατὰ συνήθειαν τοῦ προτέρου βίου Pl. R. 620a; ἐν τοῖς ἤθεσι τοῖς τῆς ἑαυτοῦ συνηθείας in his own accustomed haunts, Id. Lg. 865e; ἡ ς. τοῦ ἔργου habituation to it, X. Cyn. 12.4; λήθην ἢ συνήθειαν τῶν ἀδικημάτων D. 19.3, cf. 60.27; πολλῆς.. ς. ἡ ῥητορική Epicur. Fr. 46; τῇ ς. τοῦ εἰδώλου by being used to it, 1 Corinthians 8:7; practice, Plb. 1.42.7, cf. Pl. Lg. 656d: with Preps., διὰ συνήθειαν Id. Sph. 248b; διὰ τὴν ς. Arist. HA 494b21; ἐκ συνηθείας OGI 629.12,79 (Palmyra, ii A.D.); κατὰ ς. Pl. R. l.c.; παρὰ συνήθειαν Id. Lg. 655e; ἠναγκάσμεθα ὑπὸ συνηθείας Id. Tht. 157b; ς. ἔχειν τῇ πολιτείᾳ to be used to it, practised in it, Plb. 39.5.2; ς. κτᾶσθαι πρὸς τὰ κοινά Plu. 2.791a.

2. the customary usage of language, ἐκ ς. ῥημάτων καὶ ὀνομάτων Pl. Tht. 168b, cf. Chrysipp.Stoic. 3.33; εἰς συνήθειαν ἐποίησε τοῦ λόγου τούτου τὴν πόλιν καταστῆναι brought the city to habitual use of this phrase, Aeschin. 1.165; ἡ ς. τῶν Ἑλλήνων, αἱ κατὰ τὰς διαλέκτους ς., Phld. Rh. 1.59 S., Gal. 18(2).237, Phld. Po. 5.2; ἐν τῇ τεχνικῇ καὶ μὴ εἰκαίᾳ ς. Diocl. Magn. Stoic. 3.214: abs., ordinary language, ἐν τῇ ς. Plu. 2.22f, cf.ib.c, 1113a; κατὰ τὴν ς. A.D. Synt. 323.22, cf. Demetr. Eloc. 69, al., D.H. Amm. 2.11, Herod.Med. in Rh.Mus. 49.549.

III customary gratuity, Sammelb. 7336.13 (iii A.D.), 7369.25 (vi A.D.), PLond. 1.113 (3). 11, 3.1036.8 (both vi A.D.): pl., perquisites, Cod.Just. 3.2.4, Just. Nov. 134.1, al.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

συνήθεια, συνηθείας, (συνήθης, and this from σύν and ἦθος), from Isocrates, Xenophon, Plato down, Latinconsuetudo, i. e.

1. contact (with one), intimacy: 4 Macc. 13:21.

2. custom: John 18:39 (cf. Buttmann, § 189, 45); 1 Corinthians 11:16.

3. a being used to: with a genitive of the object to which one is accustomed, 1 Corinthians 8:7 L T Tr WH.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** συνήθεια , -ας ,

(< ἦθος ),

[in LXX: 4 Maccabees 2:12; 4 Maccabees 6:13; 4 Maccabees 13:22; 4 Maccabees 13:27 *;]

1 intimacy.

2. habit, custom: John 18:39, 1 Corinthians 11:16; c. gen. obj. (cf. Æschin., 23, 37, and v. MM, xxiv), habitual use, force of habit with respect to, 1 Corinthians 8:7.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ταπείνωσις is seen in OGIS 383.201 (mid. i/B.C.) εἰς ὕβριν ἢ ταπείνωσιν ἢ κατάλυσιν, and P Leid Wx. 17 (ii/iii A.D.) (= II. p. 115) ἡλίου ταπείνωσις. For ταπείνωμα, cf. the horoscope PSI IV. 312.12 (A.D. 345).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
συνηθεια συνηθείᾳ συνήθεια συνηθειαν συνήθειαν sunetheia sunētheia sunetheian sunētheian synetheia synētheia synḗtheia synetheíāi synētheíāi synetheian synētheian synḗtheian