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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4700 - σποδός

of uncertain derivation
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
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  1. ashes: placed on sackcloth as a token of grief
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 665 ‑ אֵפֶר (ay'‑fer);  1880 ‑ דֶּשֶׁן (deh'‑shen);  
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σποδός, ἡ, wood-ashes, embers, Od. 9.375, h.Merc. 238: generally, ashes, Hdt. 2.140; ἐπ' Ἰσμηνοῦ τε μαντεία ς ., of the ashes of an altar, S. OT 21, cf. Ant. 1007, Hdt. 4.35; ς. ἱερὰ ἡ ἐκ τοῦ βωμοῦ SIG 1171.18 ( Lebena ); of the dead, A. Ag. 435, 443 (both lyr.), Ch. 687, S. El. 758, etc.; ἀμφὶ σποδὸν κάρᾳ κεχύμεθα, in sign of mourning, E. Supp. 827 (lyr.), cf. 1160; σποδὸς δὲ τἄλλα, Περικλέης, Κόδρος, Κίμων Alex. 25.12: death by plunging into a room filled with ashes, αὐτήν μιν ῥῖψαι ἐς οἴκημα σποδοῦ πλέον Hdt. 2.100; as a Persian punishment (cf. Val. Max. 9.2.6 ), εἰς τὴν σποδὸν ἐμβάλλεται Ctes. Fr. 29.48, cf. 51, al., LXX 2 Maccabees 13:5 sq. There seems to be no difference in sense between σποδός and τέφρα: both occur in Trag., the latter alone in Att. Prose.

II dust, τῆς χαμᾶθεν σποδοῦ Hdt. 4.172; μετρεῖν τὴν ς ., of labour in vain, Arr. Epict. 3.26.17 .

III oxide of certain metals, ς. Κυπρίη copper oxide, Hp. Mul. 1.104; ς. Ἰλλυριῶτις Id. Ulc. 13; ς. χρυσῖτις Id. Mul. 1.103, cf. Dsc. 5.75. metaph., κυλίκων, πίθων ς ., of a bibulous old woman, 'soaker', 'sponge', AP 6.291, 7.455 ( Leon. ). lava, Str. 6.2.3 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σποδός, σποδοῦ, , from Homer down, ashes: Hebrews 9:13; ἐν σάκκῳ καί σποδῷ κάθημαι, to sit clothed in sackcloth and covered with ashes (exhibiting the tokens of grief, cf. Jonah 3:6; Isaiah 58:5; Isaiah 61:3; Jeremiah 6:26; Esther 4:1, 3; 1 Macc. 3:47; cf. σάκκος, b.): Matthew 11:21; Luke 10:13.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σποδός , -οῦ , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H665;]

ashes: Hebrews 9:13; ἐν σάκκῳ καὶ σ . (Isaiah 58:5, John 3:6, Da LXX Daniel 9:3, al.), Matthew 11:21, Luke 10:13.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";live along with"; (Romans 6:8 al.) : cf. the ii/B.C. epigram on Menander discovered in Rome, Kaibel 1085.1 f.—

Ἐχρῆν μὲν στῆσαι σὺν Ἔρωτι φίλῳ σε, Μένανδρε, ᾧ συνζῶν ἐτέλεις ὄργια τερπνὰ θεοῦ.

See also Aristeas 130.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σποδόν σποδος σποδός σποδὸς σποδού σποδω σποδώ σποδῷ σπονδαί σπονδάς σπονδεία σπονδείων σπονδή σπονδήν σπονδών spodo spodō spodôi spodō̂i spodos spodòs
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